Companies
1
LAWS OF MALAYSIA
REPRINT
Act 125
COMPANIES ACT 1965
Incorporating all amendments up to 1 January 2006
PUBLISHED BY
THE COMMISSIONER OF LAW REVISION, MALAYSIA
UNDER THE AUTHORITY OF THE REVISION OF LAWS ACT 1968
IN COLLABORATION WITH
PERCETAKAN NASIONAL MALAYSIA BHD
2006
2
COMPANIES ACT 1965
First enacted
... ... ... ... ... ... ...
1965 (Act No. 79 of
1965)
Revised
... .....................
1973 (Act 125 w.e.f.
14 December 1973)
PREVIOUS REPRINTS
First Reprint
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1988
Second Reprint ...
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1995
Third Reprint
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2000
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LAWS OF MALAYSIA
Act 125
COMPANIES ACT 1965
ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS
PART I
PRELIMINARY
Section
1.
Short title
(Omitted)
2.
3.
Repeals
4.
Interpretation
5.
Definition of subsidiary and holding company
5A.
Definition of ultimate holding company
5B.
Definition of wholly-owned subsidiary
6.
When corporations deemed to be related to each other
6A.
Interests in shares
PART II
ADMINISTRATION OF ACT
Registrar of Companies, etc.
7.
7A.
Power of Minister to exempt from payment of fees
7B.
Power to conduct inspection
7C.
Power to conduct investigation
7D.
Power to call for examination
8.
Company auditors and liquidators to be approved by Minister charged
with responsibility for finance
9.
Company auditors
10.
Disqualification of liquidators
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ACT 125
Section
11.
Registers
11A. Electronic filing of documents
12.
Enforcement of duty to make returns
13.
Relodging of lost registered documents
PART III
CONSTITUTION OF COMPANIES
DIVISION 1
INCORPORATION
14.
Formation of companies
14A Prohibition of registration of company limited by guarantee with a
share capital
15.
Private company
16.
Registration and incorporation
17.
Membership of holding company
18.
Requirements as to memorandum
DIVISION 2
POWERS
19.
Powers of a company
Ultra vires transactions
20.
21.
General provisions as to alteration of memorandum
22.
Names of companies
23.
Change of name
Omission of "Berhad" in name of charitable and other companies
24.
Registration of unlimated company as limited, etc.
25.
26.
Charge from public to private and from private to public company
27.
Default in complying with requirements as to private companies
28.
Alterations of objects in memorandum
29.
Articles of association
30.
Adoption of Table A of Fourth Schedule
31.
Alteration of articles
Companies
5
Section
32.
As to memorandum and articles of companies limited by guarantee
33.
Effect of memorandum and articles
34.
Copies of memorandum and articles
35.
Form of contracts
36.
Prohibition of carrying on business with fewer than statutory minimum
of members
PART IV
SHARES, DEBENTURES AND CHARGES
DIVISION 1
PROSPECTUSES
36A. Non-application of Divisions 1 and 4 to offers under the Securities
Commission Act 1993
37.
Requirement to issue form of application for shares or debentures with
a prospectus
38.
As to inivitations to the public to lend money to or deposit money with
a corporation
39.
Contents of prospectuses
39A. (Deleted)
39B. Relief from requirements as to from and content of a prospectus
40.
Certain advertisements deemed to be prospectuses
41.
As to retention of over-subscriptions in debenture issues
42.
Registration of prospectus
42A. Supplemental prospectus
43.
Document containing offer of shares for sale to be deemed prospectus
(Deleted)
44.
45.
Expert's consent to issue of prospectus containing statement by him
46.
Civil liability for misstatements in prospectus
47.
Criminal liability for statement in prospectus
47A. Power of Minister to exempt
47B. Exempted offers
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ACT 125
DIVISION 2
RESTRICTIONS ON ALLOTMENT AND
COMMENCEMENT OF BUSINESS
Section
48.
Prohibition of allotment unless minimum subscription received
49.
Application moneys to be held in trust until allotment
50.
Restriction on allotment in certain cases
51.
Requirements as to statements in lieu of prospectus
52.
Restrictions on commencement of business in certain circumstances
Restriction on varying contracts referred to in prospectus, etc.
53.
DIVISION 3
SHARES
54.
Return as to allotments
55.
As to voting rights of equity shares in certain companies
Differences in calls and payments, etc.
56.
57.
Share warrants
58.
Power to pay certain commissions, and prohibition of payment of all
other commissions, discounts, etc.
59.
Power to issue shares at a discount
60.
Issue of shares at a premium
61.
Redeemable preference shares
62.
Power of company to alter its share capital
63.
Validation of shares improperly issued
64.
Special resolution for reduction of share capital
65.
Rights of holders of classes of shares
66.
Rights of holders of preference shares to be set out in memorandum
or articles
Dealing by a company in its own shares, etc.
67.
67A. Purchase by a company of its own shares, etc.
68.
Options over unissued shares
68A. Registrar of options to take up unissued shares
69.
Power of company to pay interest out of capital in certain cases
69A. Furnishing of information and particulars of shareholding
Companies
7
DIVISION 3A
SUBSTANTIAL SHAREHOLDINGS
Section
69B. Application and interpretation of Division
69C. Persons obliged to comply with Division
69D. Substantial shareholdings and substantial shareholders
69E. Substantial shareholder to notify company of his interests
69F. Substantial shareholder to notify company of change in his interest
69G. Person who ceases to be substantial shareholder to notify company
69H. References to operation of section 6A
69I. Copy of notice to be served on Stock Exchange
69J. Notice to non-residents
69K. Registrar may extend time for giving notice under this Division
69L  Company to keep register of substantial shareholders
69M. Offences against certain sections
69N. Powers of Court with respect to defaulting substantial shareholders
69O. Power of company to require disclosure of beneficial interest in its
voting shares
69P. (Deleted)
DIVISION 4
DEBENTURES
70.
Register of debenture holders and copies and trust deed
71.
Specified performances of contracts
72.
Perpetual debentures
73.
Reissue of redeemed debentures
74.
Qualifications of trustee for debenture holders
75.
Retirement of trustees
76.
Contents of trust deed
77.
Power of court in relation of certain irredeemable debentures
78.
Duties of trustees
Powers of trustee to apply to the Court for directions, etc.
79.
80.
Obligations of borrowing corporation
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ACT 125
Section
81.
Obligation of guarantor corporation to furnish information
82.
Loans and deposits to be immediately repayable on certain events
83.
Liability of trustees for debenture holders
DIVISION 5
INTERESTS OTHER THAN SHARES, DEBENTURES, ETC.
84.
Interpretation
85.
Approved deeds
86.
Approval of deeds
87.
Approval of trustees
88.
Covenants to be included in deeds
89.
Interests to be issued by companies only
90.
Statements to be issued
91.
No issue without approved deed
92.
Register of interest holders
Returns, information, etc., relating to interests
93.
Penalty for contravention of Division, etc.
94.
Winding up of schemes, etc.
95.
96.
Power to exempt from compliance with Division and non-application
of Division in certain circumstances
97.
Liability of trustees
DIVISION 6
TITLE AND TRANSFEERS
98.
Nature of shares
99.
Numbering of shares
100.
Certificate to be evidence of title
101.
Company may have duplicate common seal
102.
Loss or destruction of certificates
103.
Instrument of transfer
104.
Registration of transfer at request of transferor
105.
Notice of refusal to register transfer
106.
Certification of transfer
107.
Duties of company with respect to issue of certificates
Companies
9
DIVISION 6A
PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO COMPANIES WHOSE
SECURITIES ARE DEPOSITED WITH THE
CENTRAL DEPOSITORY
Section
107A. Interpretation
107B. Depositor deemed to be member
107C. Transfer of securities is by way of book entry
107D. Rectification of record of depositors
107E. Non-application of section 223 to disposition made by way of book
entry
107F. Exemption from Division 6A
DIVISION 7
REGISTRATION OF CHANGES
108.
Registration of charges
109.
Duty to register charges
110.
Duty of company to register charges existing on property acquired
111.
Register of Charges to be kept by Registrar
112.
Endorsement of certificate of registration on debentures
112A. Assignment and variation of charges
113.
Entries of satisfacation and release of property from charge
114.
Extension of time and rectification of register of charges
115.
Company to keep copies of charging instruments and register of
changes
116.
Documents made out of Malaysia
Charges, etc., created before commencement of Act
117.
118.
Application of Division
PART V
MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION
DIVISION 1
OFFICE AND NAME
119.
Registered office of company
120.
Office hours
121.
Publication of name
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ACT 125
DIVISION 2
DIRECTORS AND OFFICERS
Section
122.
Directors
122A. Persons connected with a director
123.
Restrictions on appointment or advertisement of director
124.
Qualification of directors
125.
Undischarged bankrupts acting as directors
126.
Appointment of directors to be voted on individually
127.
Validity of acts of directors and officers
128.
Removal of directors
129.
Age limit for directors
130.
Power to restrain certain persons from managing companies
130A.
Disqualification of directors of insolvent companies
Disclosure of interest in contracts, property, offices, etc.
131.
132.
As to the duty and liability of officers
132A.
Dealings by officers in securities
132B.
Prohibition on abuse information obtained in official capacity
132C.
Approval of company required for disposal by directors of company's
undertaking or property
132D.
Approval of company required for issue of shares by directors
132E.
Substantial property transactions involving directors
132F.
Exception and definition
132G.
Prohibited transactions involving shareholders and directors
133.
Loans to directors
133A.
Prohibition of loans to persons connected with directors
Register of directors' shareholdings, etc.
134.
135.
General duty to make disclosure
136.
Prohibition of tax-free payments to directors
Payments to director for loss of office, etc.
137.
138.
Provisions as to assignment of office
139.
Secretary
139A.
Qualification for company secretary
139B.
Licence to act as company secretary
139C.
Disqualification
139D.
Appeal
140.
Provisions indemnifying directors or officers
141.
Register of directors, managers and secretaries
Companies
11
DIVISION 3
MEETINGS AND PROCEEDINGS
Section
142.
Statutory meeting and statutory report
143.
Annual general meeting
144.
Convening of extraordinary general meeting on requisition
145.
Calling of meetings
145A. Place of meeting
146.
Articles as to right to demand a poll
Quorum, chairman, voting, etc., at meetings
147.
148.
As to members' rights at meetings
149.
Proxies
150.
Power of Court to order meeting
Circulation of members' resolutions, etc.
151.
152.
Special resolutions
152A. Resolution signed by all members deemed to be duly passed at meeting
153.
Resolution requiring special notice
154.
Registration and copies of certain resolutions and agreements
155.
Resolutions at adjourned meetings
156.
Minutes of proceedings
157.
Inspection of minute books
DIVISION 4
REGISTER OF MEMBERS
158.
Register and index of members
159.
Where register to be kept
160.
Inspection and closing of register
161.
Consequences of default by agent
162.
Power of Court to rectify register
Limitation of liability of trustee, etc., registered as owner of shares
163.
164.
Branch registers
DIVISION 5
ANNUAL RETURN
165.
Annual return by company having a share capital
165A. Auditor's statements
166.
Exemption from filing list of members with annual return for certain
public companies
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ACT 125
PART VI
ACCOUNT AND AUDIT
DIVISION 1
ACCOUNTS
Section
166A. Compliance with approved accounting standards
167.
Accounts to be kept
168.
As to accounting periods of companies within the same group
169.
Profit and loss account, balance-sheet and directors' report
169A. Relief from requirements as to form and content of accounts and
reports
169B. Power of Registrar to require a statement of valuation of assets
Members of company entitled to balance sheet, etc.
170.
171.
Penalty
DIVISION 2
AUDIT
172.
Appointment and remuneration of auditors
173.
Auditors' remuneration
174.
Powers and duties of auditors as to reports on accounts
174A. Auditors and other persons to enjoy qualified privilege in certain
circumstances
175.
Duties of auditors to trustee for debenture holders
PART VII
ARRANGEMENTS AND RECONSTRUCTIONS
176.
Power to compromise with creditors and members
177.
Information as to compromise with creditors and members
178.
Provisions for facilitating reconstruction and amalgamation of companies
(Deleted)
179.
180.
Power to acquire shares of shareholders dissenting from scheme or
contract approved by majority
181.
Remedy in cases of an oppression
Companies
13
PART VIII
RECEIVERS AND MANAGERS
Section
182.
Disqualification for appointment as receiver
183.
Liability of receiver
184.
Power of Court to fix remuneration of receivers or managers
185.
Appointment of liquidator as receiver
186.
Notification of appointment of receiver
187.
Statement that receiver appointed
188.
Provisions as to information where receiver or manager appointed
189.
Special provisions as to statement submitted to receiver
190.
Lodging of accounts of receivers and managers
191.
Payments of certain debts out of assets subject to floating charge in
priority to claims under charge
Enforcement of duty of receiver, etc., to make returns
192.
PART IX
INVESTIGATIONS
193.
Application of Part
194.
Interpretation
195.
Power to declare company or foreign company
196.
Appointment of inspectors for declared companies
197.
Investigation of affairs of company by inspectors at direction of Minister
198.
As to reports of inspectors
199.
Investigation by resolution of company
199A. Investigation of affairs of related corporation
200.
Procedure and costs of inquiry
201.
As to costs of investigation under section 197
202.
Report of inspector to be admissible in evidence
203.
Powers of inspector in relation to a declared company
204.
Suspension of actions and proceedings by declared company
205.
Winding up of company
206.
Penalties
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ACT 125
Section
207.
Appointment and powers of inspectors to investigate ownership of
company
208.
Power to require information as to persons interested in shares or
debentures
208A. Power to require information as to persons interested in shares or
debentures
209.
Power to impose restrictions on shares or debentures
210.
Inspectors appointed in other countries
PART X
WINDING UP
DIVISION 1
PRELIMINARY
211.
Modes of winding up
212.
Application of winding up provisions
213.
Government bound by certain provisions
214.
Liability as contributories of present and past members
215.
Nature of liability of contributory
216.
Contributories in the case of death of member
DIVISION 2
WINDING UP BY THE COURT
Subdivision (1)--General
217.
Application of winding up
218.
Circumstances in which company may be wound up by Court
219.
Commencement of winding up by the Court
As to payment of preliminary costs, etc., by petitioner (other than
220.
company or liquidator)
221.
Powers of Court on hearing petition
222.
Power to stay or restrain proceedings against company
Avoidance of dispositions of property, etc.
223.
Avoidance of certain attachments, etc.
224.
Petition to be lis pendens
225.
Copy of order to be lodged, etc.
226.
Companies
15
Subdivision (2)-Liquidators
Section
Appointment, style, etc., of liquidators
227.
228.
Provisions where person other than Official Receiver is appointed
liquidator
229.
Control of unofficial liquidators by Official Receiver
230.
Control of Official Receivers by Minister
231.
Provisional liquidator
232.
General provisions as to liquidators
233.
Custody and vesting of company's property
234.
Statement of company's affairs to be submitted to Official Receiver
235.
Report by liquidator
236.
Powers of liquidator
237.
Exercise and control of liquidator's powers
238.
Payment by liquidator into bank
239.
Release of liquidators and dissolution of company
240.
As to orders for release or dissolution
Subdivision (3)--Committees of Inspection
241.
Meetings to determine whether committee of inspection to be appointed
242.
Constitution and proceedings of committee of inspection
243.
Power to stay winding up
244.
Settlement of list of contributories and application of assets
245.
Payment of debts due by contributory to company and extent to which
set-off allowed
246.
Appointment of special manager
247.
Claims of creditors and distribution of assets
248.
Inspection of books by creditors and contributories
249.
Power to summon persons connected with company
Power to order public examination of promoters, directors, etc.
250.
251.
Power to arrest absconding contributory
252.
Delegation to liquidator of certain powers of Court
253.
Powers of Court cumulative
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ACT 125
DIVISION 3
VOLUNTARY WINDING UP
Subdivision (1)--Introductory
Section
254.
Circumstances in which company may be wound up voluntarily
255.
Provisional liquidators
256.
Effect of voluntary winding up
257.
Declaration of solvency
Subdivision (2)--Provisions applicable only Members'
Voluntary Winding Up
258.
Liquidators
259.
Duty of liquidator to call creditors' meeting in case of insolvency
Subdivision (3)--Provisions applicable only to Creditors'
Voluntary Winding Up
260.
Meeting of creditors
261.
Liquidators
262.
Committee of inspection
263.
Property and proceedings
Subdivision (4)--Provisions applicable to every
Voluntary Winding Up
264.
Distribution of property of company
265.
Appointment of liquidator
266.
Removal of liquidator
267.
Review of liquidator's remuneration
Act to liquidator valid, etc.
268.
269.
Powers and duties of liquidator
Power of liquidator to accept shares, etc., as consideration for
270.
sale of property of company
271.
Annual meeting of members and creditors
272.
Final meeting and dissolution
273.
Arrangement when binding on creditors
Companies
17
Section
274.
Application to Court to have questions determined or powers
exercised
275.
Costs
276.
Limitation on right to wind up voluntarily
DIVISION 4
PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO EVERY MODE OF WINDING UP
Subdivision (1)--General
277.
Books to be kept by liquidator
278.
Powers of Official Receiver where no committee of inspection
279.
Appeal against decision of liquidator
280.
Notice of appointment and address of liquidator or provisional
liquidator
281.
Liquidator's accounts
282.
Liquidator to make good defaults
283.
Notification that a company is in liquidation
284.
Books of company
285.
Investment of surplus funds on general account
286.
Unclaimed assets to be paid to receiver of revenue
287.
Expenses of winding up where assets insufficient
288.
Resolutions passed at adjourned meetings of creditors and
contributories
289.
Meetings to ascertain wishes of creditors or contributories
290.
Special commission for receiving evidence
Subdivision (2)--Proof and Ranking of Claims
291.
Proof of debts
292.
Priorities
Subdivision (3)--Effect on other Transactions
293.
Undue preference
294.
Effect of floating charge
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ACT 125
Section
295.
Liquidator's right to recover in respect of certain sales to or by
company
296.
Disclaimer of onerous property
297.
Interpretation
298.
Restriction of rights of creditor as to execution or attachment
299.
Duties of bailiff as to goods taken in execution
Subdivision (4)--Offences
300.
Offences by officers of companies in liquidation
301.
Inducement to be appointed liquidator
302.
Penalty for falsification of books
303.
Liability where proper accounts not kept
304.
Responsibility for fraudulent trading
Power of Court to assess damages against delinquent officers, etc.
305.
306.
Prosecution of delinquent officers and members of company
Subdivision (5)--Dissolution
307.
Power of Court to declare dissolution of company void
308.
Power of Registrar to strike defunct company off register
309.
Registrar to act as representative of defunct company in certain
events
310.
Outstanding assets of defunct company to vest in Registrar
311.
Outstanding interests in property how disposed of
312.
Liability of Registrar and Government as to property vested in
Registrar
313.
Accounts and audit
DIVISION 5
WINDING UP OF UNREGISTERED COMPANIES
314.
"Unregistered company"
315.
Winding up of unregistered companies
316.
Contributories in winding up of unregistered company
317.
Power of Court to stay or restrain proceedings
318.
Outstanding assets of defunct unregistered company
Companies
19
PART XI
VARIOUS TYPES OF COMPANIES, ETC.
DIVISION 1
INVESTMENT COMPANIES
Section
319.
Interpretation
320.
Restriction on borrowing by investment companies
321.
Restriction on investments of investment companies
322.
Restriction on underwriting by investment companies
323.
Special requirements as to articles and prospectus
324.
Not to hold shares in other investment companies
325.
Not to speculate in commodities
326.
Balance sheets and accounts
327.
Investment fluctuation reserve
328.
Penalties
DIVISION 2
FOREIGN COMPANIES
329.
Foreign companies to which this Division applies
330.
Interpretation
331.
Power of foreign companies to hold immovable property
Documents, etc., to be lodged by foreign companies having place
332.
of business in Malaysia
332A. Annual return
333.
As to registered office and agents of foreign companies
334.
Transitory provision
Return to be filed where documents, etc., altered
335.
336.
Balance sheets
336A. Accounts to be kept by foreign companies
337.
As to fee payable on registration of foreign company because of
establishment of a share register in Malaysia
338.
Obligation to state name of foreign company, whether limited,
and place where incorporated
339.
Service of notice
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ACT 125
Section
340.
Cesser of business in Malaysia
341.
Restriction on use of certain names
342.
The branch register
343.
Registration of shares in branch register
344.
Removal of shares from branch register
345.
Index of members, inspection and closing of branch registers
346.
Application of provisions of Act relating to transfer
Branch register to be prima facie evidence
347.
Certificate, re share holding
348.
349.
Penalties
PART XII
GENERAL
DIVISION 1
ENFORCEMENT OF ACT
350.
Service of documents on company
351.
Security for costs
352.
As to rights of witnesses to legal representation
353.
Disposal of shares of shareholder whose whereabouts unknown
354.
Power to grant relief
355.
Irregularities in proceedings
356.
Privileged communications
(Deleted)
357.
Form of registers, etc.
358.
358A. Use of computers and other means for company records
359.
Inspection of registers
360.
Translations of instruments
361.
Certificate of incorporation conclusive evidence
362.
Court may compel compliance
DIVISION 2
OFFENCES
Restriction on offering shares, debentures, etc., for subscription or
363.
purchase
Companies
21
Section
364.
False and misleading statements
364A. False reports
365.
Dividends payable from profits only
366.
Fraudulently inducing persons to invest money
Penalty for improper use of words "Limited" and "Berhad"
367.
368.
Frauds by officers
369.
General penalty provisions
370.
Default penalties
371.
Proceedings how and when taken
371A. Compounding of offences
DIVISION 3
MISCELLANEOUS
372.
Rules
373.
Regulations
374.
Power to amend Schedules
FIRST SCHEDULE
SECOND SCHEDULE
THIRD SCHEDULE
FOURTH SCHEDULE
FIFTH SCHEDULE
FIFTH SCHEDULE--A
SIXTH SCHEDULE
SEVENTH SCHEDULE
EIGHTH SCHEDULE
NINTH SCHEDULE
TENTH SCHEDULE
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ACT 125
Companies
23
LAWS OF MALAYSIA
Act 125
COMPANIES ACT 1965
An Act relating to companies.
[Throughout Malaysia--
15 April 1966, P.U. 168/1966]
PART I
PRELIMINARY
Short title
1. (1) This Act may be cited as the Companies Act 1965.
(2) (Omitted).
(Omitted).
2.
Repeals
3. (1) The written laws mentioned in the First Schedule to the
extent to which they are therein expressed to be repealed or amended
are hereby repealed or amended accordingly.
Transitory provisions
(2) Unless the contrary intention appears in this Act--
(a) all persons, things and circumstances appointed or created
by or under any of the repealed or amended written laws
or existing or continuing under any of such written laws
immediately before the commencement of this Act shall
under and subject to this Act continue to have the same
status operation and effect as they respectively would
have had if those written laws had not been so repealed
or amended; and
Laws of Malaysia
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ACT 125
(b) in particular and without affecting the generality of the
foregoing paragraph, such repeal shall not disturb the
continuity of status, operation or effect of any Order in
Council, order, rule, regulation, scale of fees, appointment,
c o n v e y a n c e , mortgage, deed, agreement, resolution,
direction, instrument, document, memorandum, articles,
incorporation, nomination, affidavit, call, forfeiture, minute,
assignment, register, registration, transfer, list, licence,
certificate, security, notice, compromise, arrangement,
right, priority, liability, duty, obligation, proceeding, matter
or thing made, done, effected, given, issued, passed, taken,
validated, entered into, executed, lodged, accrued, incurred,
existing, pending or acquired by or under any of such
written laws before the commencement of this Act.
(3) Nothing in this Act shall affect the Table in any repealed
written law corresponding to Table A of the Fourth Schedule or
any part thereof (either as originally enacted or as altered in pursuance
of any statutory power) or the corresponding Table in any former
written law relating to companies (either as originally enacted or
as so altered) so far as the same applies to any company existing
at the commencement of this Act.
(4) The provisions of this Act with respect to winding up other
than Subdivision (5) of Division 4 of Part X shall not apply to any
company or society of which the winding up has commenced
before the commencement of this Act, but every such company or
society shall be wound up in the same manner and with the same
incidents as if this Act had not been passed and for the purposes
of the winding up the written laws under which the winding up
commenced shall be deemed to remain in full force.
(5) Paragraphs 9(1)(c) and (d) shall not apply to any person in
relation to a private company until the conclusion of the next
annual general meeting held after the commencement of this Act
i f he was appointed as auditor of that company before the
commencement of this Act.
Interpretation
4. (1) In this Act, unless the contrary intention appears--
"accounting records", in relation to a corporation, includes invoices,
receipts, orders for payment of money, bills of exchange, cheques,
promissory notes, vouchers and other documents of prime entry
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and also includes such working papers and other documents as are
necessary to explain the methods and calculations by which accounts
are made up;
"accounts" means profit and loss accounts and balance sheets
and includes notes or statements required by this Act (other than
auditors' reports or directors' reports) and attached or intended to
be read with profit and loss accounts or balance sheets;
"annual general meeting" in relation to a company means a
meeting of the company required to be held by section 143;
"annual return" means--
(a) in relation to a company having a share capital, the return
required to be made by subsection 165(1); and
(b) in relation to a company not having a share capital, the
return required to be made by subsection 165(5),
and includes any document accompanying the return;
"appointed date" has the same meaning as is assigned to that
expression in the Companies Commission of Malaysia Act 2001
[Act 614];
"approved company auditor" means a person approved as such
by the Minister under section 8 whose approval has not been
revoked;
"approved liquidator" means an approved company auditor who
has been approved by the Minister under section 8 as a liquidator
and whose approval has not been revoked;
"articles" means articles of association;
"banking corporation" means a licensed bank, a licensed merchant
bank and an Islamic bank;
"books" includes any register or other record of information and
any accounts or accounting records, however compiled, recorded
or stored, and also includes any document;
"borrowing corporation" means a corporation that is or will be
under a liability (whether or not such liability is present or future)
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to repay any money received or to be received by it in response
to an invitation to the public to subscribe for or purchase debentures
of the corporation in accordance with Division 4 of Part IV;
"branch register" means--
(a) in relation to a company--
(i) a branch register of members of the company kept
in pursuance of section 164; or
(ii) a branch register of holders of debentures kept in
pursuance of section 70,
as the case may require; and
(b) in relation to a foreign company, a branch register of
members of the company kept in pursuance of section
342;
"certified", in relation to a copy of a document, means certified
in the prescribed manner to be a true copy of the document and,
in relation to a translation of a document, means certified in the
prescribed manner to be a correct translation of the document into
the national language or into the English language, as the case
requires;
"charge" includes a mortgage and any agreement to give or
execute a charge or mortgage whether upon demand or otherwise;
"Commission" means the Companies Commission of Malaysia
established under the Companies Commission of Malaysia Act
2001;
"company" means a company incorporated pursuant to this Act
or pursuant to any corresponding previous enactment;
"company having a share capital" includes an unlimited company
with a share capital;
"company limited by guarantee" means a company formed on
the principle of having the liability of its members limited by the
memorandum to such amount as the members may respectively
undertake to contribute to the assets of the company in the event
of its being wound up;
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"company limited by shares" means a company formed on the
principle of having the liability of its members limited by the
memorandum to the amount, if any, unpaid on the shares respectively
held by them;
"contributory", in relation to a company, means a person liable
to contribute to the assets of the company in the event of its being
wound up, and includes the holder of fully paid shares in the
company and, prior to the final determination of the persons who
are contributories, includes any person alleged to be a contributory;
"corporation" means any body corporate formed or incorporated
or existing within Malaysia or outside Malaysia and includes any
foreign company but does not include--
(a) any body corporate that is incorporated within Malaysia
and is by notice of the Minister published in the Gazette
declared to be a public authority or an instrumentality or
agency of the Government of Malaysia or of any State
or to be a body corporate which is not incorporated for
commercial purposes;
(b) any corporation sole;
(c) any society registered under any written law relating to
co-operative societies; or
(d) any trade union registered under any written law as a
trade union;
"corresponding previous written law" means any written law
relating to companies which has been at any time in force in any
part of Malaysia and which corresponds with any provision of this
Act;
"Court" means the High Court or a judge thereof;
"creditors' voluntary winding up" means a winding up under
Division 3 of Part X, other than a members' voluntary winding up;
"debenture" includes debenture stock, bonds, notes and any
other securities of a corporation whether constituting a charge on
the assets of the corporation or not;
"default penalty" means a default penalty within the meaning
of section 370;
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"director" includes any person occupying the position of director
of a corporation by whatever name called and includes a person
in accordance with whose directions or instructions the directors
of a corporation are accustomed to act and an alternate or substitute
director;
"Division" means a Division of this Act and a reference to a
specified Division is a reference to that Division of the Part in
which the reference occurs;
"document" includes summons, order and other legal process,
and notice and register;
"emoluments", in relation to a director or auditor of a company,
includes any fees, percentages and other payments made (including
the money value of any allowances or perquisites) or consideration
given, directly or indirectly, to the director or auditor by that
company or by a holding company or a subsidiary of that company,
whether made or given to him in his capacity as a director or
auditor or otherwise in connection with the affairs of that company
or of the holding company or the subsidiary;
"equity share" means any share which is not a preference share;
"exempt private company" means a private company in the
shares of which no beneficial interest is held directly or indirectly
by any corporation and which has not more than twenty members
none of whom is a corporation;
"expert" includes engineer, valuer, accountant and any other
person whose profession or reputation gives authority to a statement
made by him;
"filed" means filed under this Act or any corresponding previous
written law;
"financial year", in relation to any corporation, means the period
in respect of which any profit and loss account of the corporation
laid before it in general meeting is made up, whether that period
is a year or not;
"foreign company" means--
(a) a company, corporation, society, association or other body
incorporated outside Malaysia; or
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(b) an unincorporated society, association or other body which
under the law of its place of origin may sue or be sued,
or hold property in the name of the secretary or other
officer of the body or association duly appointed for that
purpose and which does not have its head office or principal
place of business in Malaysia;
"guarantor corporation", in relation to a borrowing corporation,
means a corporation that has guaranteed or has agreed to guarantee
the repayment of any money received or to be received by the
borrowing corporation in response to an invitation to the public
to subscribe for or purchase debentures of the borrowing corporation;
"limited company" means a company limited by shares or by
guarantee or both by shares and guarantee;
"liquidator" includes the Official Receiver when acting as the
liquidator of a corporation;
"lodged" means lodged under this Act or any corresponding
previous written law;
"manager", in relation to a company, means the principal executive
officer of the company for the time being by whatever name called
and whether or not he is a director;
"marketable securities" means debentures, funds, stocks, shares
or bonds of any Government or of any local authority or of any
corporation or society and includes any right or option in respect
of shares in any corporation and any interest as defined in section
84;
"members' voluntary winding up" means a winding up under
Division 3 of Part X, where a declaration has been made and
lodged in pursuance of section 257;
"memorandum" means memorandum of association;
"minimum subscription"--
(a) in relation to any shares of an unlisted recreational club
which are offered to the public for subscription, means
the amount stated in the prospectus relating to the offer
in pursuance of paragraph 4(a) of the Fifth Schedule;
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(b) in relation to any issue of, offer for subscription or purchase
of, or invitation to subscribe for or purchase, shares made
pursuant to the Securities Commission Act 1993 [Act
498], means the amount stated in the prospectus relating
to the issue, offer or invitation in pursuance of the
requirements of the Securities Commission relating to
contents of prospectuses,
as the minimum amount which in the opinion of the directors must
be raised by the issue of the shares so offered;
"Minister" means the Minister charged with the responsibility
for companies;
"office copy", in relation to any Court order or other Court
document, means a copy authenticated under the hand or seal of
the Registrar or other proper officer of the Court;
"officer" in relation to a corporation includes--
(a) any director, secretary or employee of the corporation;
(b) a receiver and manager of any part of the undertaking of
the corporation appointed under a power contained in
any instrument; and
(c) any liquidator of a company appointed in a voluntary
winding up,
but does not include--
(d) any receiver who is not also a manager;
(e) any receiver and manager appointed by the Court; or
(f) any liquidator appointed by the Court or by the creditors;
"Official Receiver" means the Director General of Insolvency,
Deputy Director General of Insolvency, Senior Assistant Directors
of Insolvency, Assistant Directors of Insolvency, Insolvency officers
and any other officer appointed under the Bankruptcy Act 1967
[Act 360];
"preference share" means a share by whatever name called,
which does not entitle the holder thereof to the right to vote at a
general meeting or to any right to participate beyond a specified
amount in any distribution whether by way of dividend, or on
redemption, in a winding up, or otherwise;
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"prescribed" means prescribed by or under this Act;
"principal register", in relation to a company, means the register
of members of the company kept in pursuance of section 158;
"printed" includes typewritten or lithographed or reproduced by
any mechanical means;
"private company" means--
(a) any company which immediately prior to the
commencement of this Act was a private company under
the repealed written laws;
(b) any company incorporated as a private company by virtue
of section 15; or
(c) any company converted into a private company pursuant
to section 26(1),
being a company which has not ceased to be a private company
under section 26 or 27;
"profit and loss account" includes income and expenditure account,
revenue account or any other account showing the results of the
business of a corporation for a period;
"promoter", in relation to a prospectus issued by or in connection
with a corporation, means a promoter of the corporation who was
a party to the preparation of the prospectus or of any relevant
portion thereof; but does not include any person by reason only
of his acting in a professional capacity;
"prospectus" means any prospectus, notice, circular, advertisement
or invitation inviting applications or offers from the public to
subscribe for or purchase or offering to the public for subscription
or purchase any shares in or debentures of or any units of shares
in or units of debentures of a corporation or proposed corporation
and, in relation to any prospectus registered under the Securities
Commission Act 1993, means a prospectus as defined under that
Act;
"public company" means a company other than a private company;
"registered" means registered under this Act or any corresponding
previous written law;
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"Registrar" means the Registrar of Companies as designated
under subsection 7(1);
"regulations" means regulations under this Act;
"related corporation", in relation to a corporation, means a
corporation which is deemed to be related to the first-mentioned
corporation by virtue of section 6;
"repealed written laws" means the written laws repealed by this
Act;
"resolution for voluntary winding up" means the resolution referred
to in section 254;
"rules" means rules of court;
"securities" has the same meaning as is assigned to that word
in the Securities Commission Act 1993;
"share" means share in the share capital of a corporation and
includes stock except where a distinction between stock and shares
is expressed or implied;
"statutory meeting" means the meeting referred to in section
142;
"statutory report" means the report referred to in section 142;
"Subdivision" means a Subdivision of this Act and a reference
to a specified subdivision is a reference to that Subdivision of the
Division in which the reference occurs;
"Table A" means Table A in the Fourth Schedule;
"this Act" includes any regulations;
"transparency", in relation to a document, means--
(a) a developed negative or positive photograph of that
document (in this definition referred to as an "original
photograph") made on a transparent base, by means of
light reflected from or transmitted through the document;
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(b) a copy of an original photograph made by the use of
photo-sensitive material (being photo-sensitive material
on a transparent base) placed in surface contact with the
original photograph; or
(c) any one of a series of copies of an original photograph,
the first of the series being made by the use of photo-
sensitive material (being photo-sensitive material on a
transparent base) placed in surface contact with a copy
referred to in paragraph (b), and each succeeding copy
in the series being made, in the same manner from any
preceding copy in the series;
"trustee corporation" means--
(a) a company registered as a trust company under the Trust
Companies Act 1949 [Act 100]; or
(b) a corporation that is a public company under this Act or
under the laws of any other country, which has been
declared by the Minister to be a trustee corporation for
the purposes of this Act;
"unit", in relation to a share, debenture or other interest, means
any right or interest therein, by whatever term called;
"unlimited company" means a company formed on the principle
of having no limit placed on the liability of its members;
"unlisted recreational club" has the same meaning as is assigned
to that expression in the Securities Commission Act 1993;
"voting share", in relation to a body corporate, means an issued
share of the body corporate, not being--
(a) a share to which, under no circumstances, there is attached
a right to vote; or
(b) a share to which there is attached a right to vote only in
one or more of the following circumstances:
(i) during a period in which a dividend (or part of a
dividend) in respect of the share is in arrears;
(ii) upon a proposal to reduce the share capital of the
body corporate;
(iii) upon a proposal affecting the rights attached to the
share;
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(iv) upon a proposal to wind up the body corporate;
(v) upon a proposal for the disposal of the whole of the
property, business and undertakings of the body
corporate;
(vi) during the winding up of the body corporate.
(1A) In this Act--
(a) "licensed bank", "licensed business", "licensed discount
house", "licensed finance company", "licensed institution",
"licensed merchant bank", "licensed money broker", "non-
scheduled institution", "scheduled business" and "scheduled
institution" shall have the meanings assigned thereto in
subsection 2(1) of the Banking and Financial Institutions
Act 1989 [Act 372]; and
(b) "Islamic bank" or "Islamic banking business" shall have
the meaning assigned thereto in the Islamic Banking Act
1983 [Act 276].
(2) For the purposes of this Act a person shall not be regarded
as a person in accordance with whose directions or instructions the
directors of a company are accustomed to act by reason only that
the directors act on advice given by him in a professional capacity.
(3) For the purposes of this Act a statement included in a prospectus
or statement in lieu of prospectus shall be deemed to be untrue if
it is misleading in the form and context in which it is included.
(4) For the purposes of this Act a statement shall be deemed to
be included in a prospectus or statement in lieu of prospectus if
it is contained in any report or memorandum appearing on the face
thereof or by reference incorporated therein or issued therewith.
(5) For the purposes of this Act any invitation to the public to
deposit money with or to lend money to a corporation shall be
deemed to be an invitation to subscribe for or purchase debentures
of the corporation and any document that is issued or intended or
required to be issued by a corporation acknowledging or evidencing
or constituting an acknowledgement of the indebtedness of the
corporation in respect of any money that is or may be deposited
with or lent to the corporation in response to such an invitation
shall be deemed to be a debenture, but an invitation to the public
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by a prescribed corporation as defined in subsection 38(7) shall
not be deemed to be an invitation to the public to deposit money
with or to lend money to the corporation for the purpose of Division
4 of Part IV.
(6) Any reference in this Act to offering shares or debentures
to the public shall, unless the contrary intention appears, be construed
as including a reference to offering them to any section of the
public, whether selected as clients of the person issuing the prospectus
or in any other manner; but a bona fide offer or invitation with
respect to shares or debentures shall not be deemed to be an offer
to the public if it is--
(a) an offer or invitation to enter into an underwriting
agreement;
(b) made to a person whose ordinary business it is to buy or
sell shares or debentures whether as principal or agent;
(c) made to existing members or debenture holders of a
corporation and relates to shares in or debentures of that
corporation and is not an offer to which section 46 of the
Securities Commission Act 1993 applies; or
(d) made to existing members of a company within the meaning
of section 270 and relates to shares in the corporation
within the meaning of that section.
(7) Unless the contrary intention appears any reference in this
Act to a person being or becoming bankrupt or to a person assigning
his estate for the benefit of his creditors or making an arrangement
with his creditors under any written law relating to bankruptcy or
to a person being an undischarged bankrupt or to any status, condition,
act, matter or thing under or in relation to the law of bankruptcy
shall be construed as including a reference to a person being or
becoming bankrupt or insolvent or to a person making any such
assignment or arrangement or to a person being an undischarged
bankrupt or insolvent or to the corresponding status, condition,
act, matter or thing (as the case requires) under any written law
relating to bankruptcy or insolvency.
(8) (Deleted by Act A21).
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ACT 125
Definition of subsidiary and holding company
5. (1) For the purposes of this Act, a corporation shall, subject
to subsection (3), be deemed to be a subsidiary of another corporation,
if--
(a) that other corporation--
(i) controls the composition of the board of directors
of the first-mentioned corporation;
(ii) controls more than half of the voting power of the
first-mentioned corporation; or
(iii) holds more than half of the issued share capital of
the first-mentioned corporation (excluding any part
thereof which consists of preference shares); or
(b) the first-mentioned corporation is a subsidiary of any
corporation which is that other corporation's subsidiary.
(2) For the purposes of subsection (1), the composition of a
corporation's board of directors shall be deemed to be controlled
by another corporation if that other corporation by the exercise of
some power exercisable by it without the consent or concurrence
of any other person can appoint or remove all or a majority of the
directors, and for the purposes of this provision that other corporation
shall be deemed to have power to make such an appointment if--
(a) a person cannot be appointed as a director without the
exercise in his favour by that other corporation of such
a power; or
(b) a person's appointment as a director follows necessarily
from his being a director or other officer of that other
corporation.
(3) In determining whether one corporation is a subsidiary of
another corporation--
(a) any shares held or power exercisable by that other
corporation in a fiduciary capacity shall be treated as not
held or exercisable by it;
(b) subject to paragraphs (c) and (d), any shares held or
power exercisable--
(i) by any person as a nominee for that other corporation
(except where that other corporation is concerned
only in a fiduciary capacity); or
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(ii) by, or by a nominee for, a subsidiary of that other
c o r p o r a t i o n , not being a subsidiary which is
concerned only in a fiduciary capacity, shall be
t r e a t e d as held or exercisable by that other
corporation;
(c) any shares held or power exercisable by any person by
virtue of the provisions of any debentures of the first-
mentioned corporation or of a trust deed for securing any
issue of such debentures shall be disregarded; and
(d) any shares held or power exercisable by, or by a nominee
for, that other corporation or its subsidiary (not being
held or exercisable as mentioned in paragraph (c)) shall
be treated as not held or exercisable by that other corporation
if the ordinary business of that other corporation or its
subsidiary, as the case may be, includes the lending of
money and the shares are held or power is exercisable as
aforesaid by way of security only for the purposes of a
transaction entered into in the ordinary course of that
business.
(4) A reference in this Act to the holding company of a company
or other corporation shall be read as a reference to a corporation
of which that last-mentioned company or corporation is a subsidiary.
Definition of ultimate holding company
5A.  For the purposes of this Act, a corporation shall be deemed
to be the ultimate holding company of another corporation if--
(a) the other corporation is a subsidiary of the first-mentioned
corporation; and
(b) the first-mentioned corporation is not itself a subsidiary
of any corporation.
Definition of wholly-owned subsidiary
5B.  For the purposes of this Act, a corporation shall be deemed
to be a wholly-owned subsidiary of another corporation if none of
the members of the first mentioned corporation is a person other
than--
(a) the second-mentioned corporation;
(b) a nominee of the second-mentioned corporation;
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ACT 125
(c) a subsidiary of the second-mentioned corporation, being
a subsidiary none of the members of which is a person
other than the second-mentioned corporation or a nominee
of the second-mentioned corporation; or
(d) a nominee of such a subsidiary.
When corporations deemed to be related to each other
6. Where a corporation--
(a) is the holding company of another corporation;
(b) is a subsidiary of another corporation; or
(c) is a subsidiary of the holding company of another
corporation,
that first-mentioned corporation and that other corporation shall
for the purposes of this Act be deemed to be related to each other.
Interests in shares
6A. (1) The following subsections have effect for the purposes of
Division 3A of Part IV, sections 134 and 135.
(2) Where any property held in trust consists of or includes
shares in which a person knows or has reasonable grounds for
believing that he has an interest, he shall be deemed to have an
interest in those shares.
(3) A right does not constitute an interest in a share where--
(a) a right (being a right or an interest described in the
definition of "interest" in section 84) was issued or offered
to the public for subscription or purchase;
(b) the public was invited to subscribe for or purchase such
a right, and the right was so subscribed for or purchased;
(c) such a right is held by the management company and was
issued for the purpose of an offer to the public within the
meaning of section 84; or
(d) such a right is a right which has been prescribed by the
Minister, after consultation with the Minister of Finance,
as not being an interest in a share.
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(4) A person shall be deemed to have an interest in a share
where a body corporate has an interest in a share and--
(a) the body corporate is, or its directors are accustomed, or
is under an obligation, whether formal or informal, to act
in accordance with the directions, instructions or wishes
of that person in relation to that share;
(b) that person has a controlling interest in the body corporate;
or
(c) that person, or the associates of that person or that person
and his associates are entitled to exercise or control the
exercise of not less than fifteen per centum of the votes
attached to the voting shares in the body corporate.
(5) For the purposes of paragraph (4)(c), a person is an associate
of another person if the first-mentioned person is--
(a) a corporation which is a related corporation;
(b) a person in accordance with whose directions, instructions
or wishes that other person is accustomed or is under an
obligation, whether formal or informal, to act in relation
to the share referred to in subsection (4);
(c) a person who is accustomed or is under an obligation,
whether formal or informal, to act in accordance with the
directions, instructions or wishes of that other person in
relation to that share;
(d) a body corporate which is, or the directors of which are,
accustomed or under an obligation whether formal or
i n f o r m a l , to act in accordance with the directions,
instructions or wishes of that other person in relation to
that share; or
(e) a body corporate in accordance with the directions,
instructions or wishes of which, or of the directors of
which, that other person is accustomed or under an
obligation whether formal or informal, to act in relation
to that share.
(6) A person shall be deemed to have an interest in a share in
any one or more of the following circumstances where he--
(a) has entered into a contract to purchase a share;
(b) has a right, otherwise than by reason of having an interest
under a trust, to have a share transferred to himself or
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to his order, whether the right is exercisable presently or
in the future and whether on the fulfilment of a condition
or not;
(c) has the right to acquire a share or an interest in a share,
under an option, whether the right is exercisable presently
or in the future and whether on the fulfilment of a condition
or not; or
(d) is entitled (otherwise than by reason of his having been
appointed a proxy or representative to vote at a meeting
of members of a corporation or of a class of its members)
to exercise or control the exercise of a right attached to
a share, not being a share of which he is the registered
holder.
(7) A person shall be deemed to have an interest in a share if
that share is held jointly with another person.
(8) For the purpose of determining whether a person has an
interest in a share it is immaterial that the interest cannot be related
to a particular share.
(9) There shall be disregarded--
(a) an interest in a share if the interest is that of a person
who holds the share as bare trustee;
(b) an interest in a share of a person whose ordinary business
includes the lending of money if he holds the interest
only by way of security for the purposes of a transaction
entered into in the ordinary course of business in connection
with the lending of money;
(c) an interest of a person in a share being an interest held
by him by reason of his holding a prescribed office; and
(d) a prescribed interest in a share being an interest of such
person, or of the persons included in such class of persons,
as is prescribed.
(10) An interest in a share shall not be disregarded by reason
only of--
(a) its remoteness;
(b) the manner in which it arose;
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(c) the fact that the exercise of a right conferred by the
interest is, or is capable of being made subject to restraint
or restriction; or
(d) the fact that it is held by, or in the name of, a central
depository or its nominee company pursuant to the
S e c u r i t i e s Industry (Central Depositories) Act 1991
[Act 453].
PART II
ADMINISTRATION OF ACT
Registrar of Companies, etc.
7. (1) The Chief Executive Officer of the Commission shall be
the Registrar of Companies.
(1A) The Commission may appoint, on such terms and conditions
as it may determine, from amongst persons in the employment of
the Commission such number of Regional Registrars, Deputy
Registrars, Assistant Registrars, clerks and servants for the proper
administration of this Act, and may revoke the appointment of any
person so appointed or deemed to have been so appointed under
subsection (1B).
(1B) The persons holding office as Regional Registrars, Deputy
Registrars, Assistant Registrars, clerks and servants under this Act
before the appointed date who were given an option by the
Government of Malaysia and have opted to serve as employees of
the Commission shall, on the appointed date, be deemed to have
been appointed Regional Registrars, Deputy Registrars, Assistant
Registrars, clerks and servants by the Commission.
(2) Subject to the general direction and control of the Registrar
and to such restrictions and limitations as may be prescribed,
anything by this Act appointed or authorized or required to be
done or signed by the Registrar may be done or signed by any
Regional, Deputy or Assistant Registrar and shall be as valid and
effectual as if done or signed by the Registrar.
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ACT 125
(3) No person dealing with any Regional, Deputy or Assistant
Registrar shall be concerned to see or inquire whether any restrictions
or limitations have been prescribed, and every act or omission of
a Regional Deputy or Assistant Registrar so far as it affects any
such person shall be as valid and effectual as if done or omitted
by the Registrar.
Certain signatures to be judicially noticed
(4) All courts, judges and persons acting judicially shall take
judicial notice of the seal and signature of the Registrar and of any
Regional, Deputy or Assistant Registrar.
(5)-(10) (Deleted by Act A836).
Power to call for information
(11) (a) The Registrar may require any corporation or person
to give orally or may by notice under his hand require any corporation
or person to give in writing within a time specified in the notice
all such information in his possession or within his knowledge as
may be required of it or him by the Registrar for the purposes of
this Act.
(b) Any corporation or person who fails to supply any information,
or who in supplying any information makes any statement which
he knows to be false in material particular, or recklessly makes
such statement, shall be guilty of an offence.
Penalty: Two thousand ringgit. Default penalty.
(12) For the purposes of this Act, any notice, letter or document
sent by ordinary or registered post shall be deemed to have been
served on the person, corporation or firm to whom it is addressed,
on the day succeeding the day on which the notice, letter or document
would have been received in the ordinary course of post if--
(a) in the case of a corporation or firm it is addressed to its
last known registered office;
(b) in the case of a person, it is addressed to his last known
address.
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(13) Neither the Registrar nor any person appointed by the
Commission under subsection (1A) or deemed to have been appointed
under subsection (1B) shall be liable to be sued in any court for
any act or matter done or ordered to be done or omitted to be done,
by him in good faith and in the intended exercise of any power
or performance of any duty, conferred or imposed on him by or
under this Act.
Fees
(14) Subject to section 7A, there shall be paid to the Registrar--
(a) the fees specified in the Second Schedule; and
(b) such other fees as are prescribed,
and such fees shall be collected by the Registrar in such manner
as the Minister may, from time to time, direct.
Power of Minister to exempt from payment of fees
7A.  The Minister may, by order published in the Gazette, exempt
any statutory body or government agency from paying any or all
of the fees specified in the Second Schedule or prescribed under
this Act.
Power to conduct inspection
7B. (1) For the purpose of ascertaining whether a corporation or
any officer of a corporation is complying with this Act, the Registrar
may have access to any place or building and may inspect and
make copies of or take extracts from any book, minute book,
register or document required by or under this Act to be kept by
the corporation.
(2) For the purposes of this section, the Registrar may by notice
in writing require any officer of a corporation or any person to
produce to him such books, registers or documents as are in the
custody or under the control of that officer or person.
(3) A corporation which, any officer of the corporation or any
person who--
(a) fails to produce any such books, registers or documents
as required by the Registrar under this section; or
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(b) obstructs or hinders the Registrar while exercising any
of the powers under this section,
shall be guilty of an offence against this Act.
Penalty: Imprisonment for three years or ten thousand ringgit
or both.
(4) The Registrar, except for the purposes of this Act, or in the
course of any criminal proceedings, shall not make a record of,
or divulge or communicate to any other person, any information
which he has acquired by reason of such inspection.
(5) Subsection (1) shall not be construed as limiting or affecting
any power to make any such inspection conferred on any person
by any other law.
Power to conduct investigation
7C. (1) Where the Registrar has reason to suspect that a person
has committed an offence against this Act, he may make such
investigation as he thinks expedient for the due administration of
this Act.
( 2 ) W h e n e v e r it appears to any Magistrate upon written
information and after such enquiry as he thinks necessary, that
there is reasonable cause to believe that in any place or building
there is any object, article, material, thing, accounts, book or other
document including any travel or other personal document, which
may be used as evidence of the commission of an offence against
this Act, he may by warrant empower the Registrar to enter the
place or building, by force if necessary, and there to search for,
seize, take possession of and detain any such object, article, material,
thing, accounts, book or other document.
(3) Whenever it appears to the Registrar that there is reasonable
cause to believe that in any place or building there is concealed
or deposited any object, article, material, thing, accounts, book or
other document including any travel or other personal document
which may be used as evidence of the commission of an offence
against this Act, and the Registrar has reasonable grounds for
believing that by reason of the delay in obtaining a search warrant,
such object, article, material, thing, accounts, book or other document
may be interfered with or destroyed or the object of the search is
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45
likely to be frustrated, he may in respect of the place or building
exercise all the powers mentioned in subsection (2) in as full and
ample measure as if he were empowered to do so by warrant issued
under that subsection.
(4) The Registrar may grant permission to any person to inspect
any accounts, book or other document seized and taken possession
of by the Registrar during the course of an investigation under this
Act if such person is entitled to inspect such accounts, book or
document under this Act.
Power to call for examination
7D. (1) For the purpose of any investigation under section 7C, the
Registrar may by notice in writing require any person supposed
to be acquainted with the facts and circumstances of the case to
appear before him and to be examined orally and shall reduce into
writing any statement made by the person so examined.
(2) Such person shall be legally bound to answer all questions
relating to such case put to him by the Registrar and to state the
truth, whether or not the statement is made wholly or partly in
answer to questions, and shall not refuse to answer any question
on the ground that it tends to incriminate him.
(3) A statement made by any person under this section shall be
taken down in writing and signed by the person making it or
affixed with his thumb print, as the case may be, after it has been
read to him and after he had been given an opportunity to make
any correction he may wish:
Provided that where the person examined refuses to sign or affix
his thumb print on the statement, the Registrar shall endorse thereon
under his hand the fact of such refusal and the reason therefor, if
any, stated by the person examined.
(4) Any statement made and recorded under this section shall
be admissible as evidence in any proceedings under this Act in any
court, either against the person who made it or any other person.
(5) Any person who--
(a) without reasonable excuse fails to appear before the
Registrar as required under subsection (1);
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(b) without reasonable excuse refuses to answer all questions
put to him by the Registrar as required by subsection (2);
or
(c) knowingly furnishes to the Registrar information or
statement that is false or misleading in a material particular,
shall be guilty of an offence against this Act.
Penalty: Imprisonment for five years or thirty thousand ringgit
or both.
Company auditors and liquidators to be approved by Minister
charged with responsibility for finance
8 . ( 1 ) A n y person may apply to the Minister charged with
responsibility for finance to be approved as a company auditor for
the purposes of this Act.
(2) The Minister charged with responsibility for finance may,
if he is satisfied that the applicant is of good character and competent
to perform the duties of an auditor under this Act, upon payment
of the prescribed fee, approve the applicant as a company auditor.
(3) Any approved company auditor may apply to the Minister
charged with responsibility for finance to be approved as a liquidator
for the purposes of this Act, and the Minister, if satisfied as to the
experience and capacity of the applicant, may on payment of the
prescribed fee approve such person as a liquidator for the purposes
of this Act.
( 4 ) A n y approval granted by the Minister charged with
responsibility for finance pursuant to this section may be made
subject to such limitations or conditions as he thinks fit and may
be revoked at any time by him by the service of a notice of
revocation on the approved person.
(5) Every approval under this section including a renewal of
approval of a company auditor or liquidator shall be in force for
a period of two years* after the date of issue thereof unless sooner
revoked by the Minister charged with responsibility for finance.
(6) A person who immediately before the commencement of
this Act was authorized pursuant to any corresponding previous
written law to be an auditor of companies shall be deemed to have
*NOTE--Provided that any approval or renewal of approval in force immediately before the coming
into operation of Act A616 shall continue in force until it expires or is sooner revoked by the
Minister.
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been approved as a company auditor under this section on the date
of the commencement of this Act but if such person's approval
was limited or conditional those limitations and conditions shall
continue to apply.
(7) The Minister charged with responsibility for finance may
delegate all or any of his powers under this section to any person
or body of persons charged with the responsibility for the registration
or control of accountants in Malaysia.
(8) Any person who is dissatisfied with any decision of the
Minister charged with responsibility for finance under this section
or with the decision of any person or body of persons to whom
such Minister has delegated all or any of his powers under this
section may appeal to the Yang di-Pertuan Agong who may in his
discretion confirm, reverse or vary the decision.
Company auditors
9. (1) A person shall not knowingly consent to be appointed, and
shall not knowingly act, as auditor for any company and shall not
prepare, for or on behalf of a company, any report required by this
Act to be prepared by an approved company auditor--
(a) if he is not an approved company auditor;
(b) if he is indebted to the company or to a corporation that
is deemed to be related to that company by virtue of
section 6 in an amount exceeding two thousand five hundred
ringgit;
(c) if he is--
(i) an officer of the company;
(ii) a partner, employer or employee of an officer of
the company;
(iii) a partner or employee of an employee of an officer
of the company; or
(iv) a shareholder or his spouse is a shareholder of a
corporation whose employee is an officer of the
company; or
(d) if he is responsible for or if he is the partner, employer
or employee of a person responsible for the keeping of
the register of members or the register of holders of
debentures of the company.
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Penalty: *Thirty thousand ringgit.
(2) For the purposes of subsection (1), a person shall be deemed
to be an officer of a company if he is an officer of a corporation
that is deemed to be related to the company by virtue of section
6 or except where the Minister if he thinks fit in the circumstances
of the case directs otherwise, if he has, at any time within the
preceding period of twelve months, been an officer or promoter
of the company or of such a corporation.
(3) For the purposes of this section, a person shall not be deemed
to be an officer by reason only of his having been appointed as
auditor of a corporation.
(4) A firm shall not knowingly consent to be appointed, and
shall not knowingly act, as auditor for any company and shall not
prepare, for or on behalf of a company, any report required by this
Act to be prepared by an approved company auditor unless--
(a) all the partners of the firm resident in Malaysia are approved
company auditors and, where the firm is not registered
as a firm under any law for the time being in force, a
return showing the full names and addresses of all the
partners of the firm has been lodged with the Registrar;
and
(b) no partner is disqualified under paragraph (1)(b), (c) or
(d) from acting as the auditor of the company.
(5) If a firm contravenes subsection (4) each partner of the firm
shall be guilty of an offence.
Penalty: *Thirty thousand ringgit.
(6) No company or person shall appoint a person as auditor of
a company unless that last-mentioned person has prior to the
appointment consented in writing to act as such auditor, and no
company or person shall appoint a firm as auditor of a company
unless the firm has prior to the appointment consented, in writing
under the hand of at least one partner of the firm, to act as such
auditor.
(7) The appointment of a firm in the name of the firm as auditors
of a company shall take effect and operate as an appointment as
auditors of the company of the persons who are members of that
firm at the time of the appointment.
*NOTE--Previously "two thousand ringgit"see Companies (Amendment) (No. 2) Act 1992
[Act A836].
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Disqualification of liquidators
10. (1) Subject to this section a person shall not, except with the
leave of the Court, consent to be appointed, and shall not act, as
liquidator of a company--
(a) if he is not an approved liquidator;
(b) if he is indebted to the company or to a corporation that
is deemed to be related to the company by virtue of
section 6 in an amount exceeding two thousand five hundred
ringgit;
(c) if he is--
(i) an officer of the company;
(ii) a partner, employer or employee of an officer of
the company; or
(iii) a partner or employee of an employee of an officer
of the company;
(d) if he becomes bankrupt;
(e) if he assigns his estate for the benefit of his creditors or
makes an arrangement with his creditors pursuant to any
law relating to bankruptcy; or
(f) if he is convicted of an offence involving fraud or dishonesty
punishable on conviction by imprisonment for three months
or more.
Penalty: *Thirty thousand ringgit.
(2) Paragraphs (1)(a) and (c) shall not apply--
(a) to a members' voluntary winding up; or
(b) to a creditors' voluntary winding up if, by a resolution
carried by a majority of the creditors in number and
value present in person or by proxy and voting at a
meeting of which seven days' notice has been given to
every creditor stating the object of the meeting, it is
determined those paragraphs or either of them shall not
apply.
*NOTE--Previously "two thousand ringgit"see Companies (Amendment) (No. 2) Act 1992
[Act A836].
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(3) For the purposes of subsection (1), a person shall be deemed
to be an officer of a company if he is an officer of a corporation
that is deemed to be related to the company by virtue of section
6 or has, at any time within the preceding period of twenty-four
months, been an officer or promoter of the company or of such
a corporation.
(4) A person shall not be appointed as liquidator of a company
unless he has prior to the appointment consented in writing to act
as such liquidator.
(5) Nothing in this section shall affect any appointment of a
liquidator made before the commencement of this Act.
Registers
11. (1) The Registrar shall, subject to this Act, keep such registers
as he considers necessary in such forms as he thinks fit.
Inspection of register
(2) Any person may, on payment of the prescribed fee--
(a) inspect any document filed or lodged with the Registrar
not being a document that has been destroyed or otherwise
disposed of under subsection (11);
(b) require a certificate of the incorporation of any company
or any other certificate issued under this Act; or
(c) require a copy or extract from any document that he is
entitled to inspect pursuant to paragraph (a) or any
certificate referred to in paragraph (b) to be given or
given and certified by the Registrar.
(3) If a reproduction or transparency of a document or certificate
is produced for inspection, a person is not entitled pursuant to
paragraph 2(a) to require the production of the original of that
document or certificate.
(4) The reference in paragraph 2(c) to a document or certificate
i n c l u d e s , where a reproduction or transparency of that document
o r certificate has been incorporated with a register kept by the
R e g i s t r a r , a reference to that reproduction or transparency and