Housing Development (Control and Licensing)
1
LAWS OF MALAYSIA
REPRINT
Act 118
HOUSING DEVELOPMENT
(CONTROL AND LICENSING)
ACT 1966
Incorporating all amendments up to 1 January 2006
PUBLISHED BY
THE COMMISSIONER OF LAW REVISION, MALAYSIA
UNDER THE AUTHORITY OF THE REVISION OF LAWS ACT 1968
IN COLLABORATION WITH
PERCETAKAN NASIONAL MALAYSIA BHD
2006
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HOUSING DEVELOPMENT (CONTROL AND
LICENSING) ACT 1966
First enacted
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1966 (Act No. 38
of 1966)
Revised
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1973 (Act 118 w.e.f.
16 August 1973)
PREVIOUS REPRINTS
First Reprint
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1988
Second Reprint ...
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1995
Third Reprint
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2000
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LAWS OF MALAYSIA
Act 118
HOUSING DEVELOPMENT (CONTROL AND
LICENSING) ACT 1966
ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS
PART I
PRELIMINARY
Section
1.
Short title and application
2.
Saving and exemption
3.
Interpretation
4.
Appointment of Controller, Deputy Controllers, Inspectors and other
officers and servants
PART II
LICENSING OF HOUSING DEVELOPERS
5.
Prohibition against housing development except by virtue of a licence
and provisions relating to the grant of a licence
6.
Conditions or restrictions for the grant of a licence
6A. Controller to keep deposit
6B. Controller may forfeit deposit
PART III
DUTIES OF A LICENSED HOUSING DEVELOPER
7.
Duties of a licensed housing developer
7A. Licensed housing developer to open and maintain Housing Development
Account
7B. Licensed housing developer for the purpose of sections 8, 8A, 11 and 12
8.
Arrangement or agreement affecting the business of a licensed housing
developer
8A. Statutory termination of sale and purchase agreements
9.
Audit
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ACT 118
PART IV
INVESTIGATION AND ENFORCEMENT
Section
10.
Investigation
10A. Powers of entry, search and seizure
10B. Search of person
10C. Obstruction to exercise of powers by an Inspector
10D. Requirement to provide translation
10E. Power to examine persons
10F. Specific persons in respect of whom powers of investigation may be
exercised
10G. Assistance to police or other public officer
10H. Protection of informers
10I. Authority to act
10J. Limitation on the powers of an Inspector
PART V
POWERS OF MINISTER
11.
Powers of the Minister to give directions for the purpose of safeguarding
the interests of purchasers
12.
Powers of the Minister to give general directions
13.
Revocation and suspension of a licence
13A. Controller to report the conduct of an architect or engineer
13B. Transfer or assignment of a licence
14.
Opportunity of being heard to be afforded before revocation or suspension
of a licence and in certain other cases
15.
Individual not eligible to take part in management of the business of a
licensed housing developer
16.
Right of appeal to the Minister by an aggrieved licensed housing developer
against the decision of the Controller
PART VI
TRIBUNAL FOR HOMEBUYER CLAIMS
16A. Meaning of "homebuyer"
16B. Establishment of Tribunal for Homebuyer Claims
Housing Development (Control and Licensing)
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Section
16C.
Membership of Tribunal
16D.
Temporary exercise of functions of Chairman
16E.
Vacation of office
16F.
Revocation of appointment
16G.
Resignation
16H.
Filling of vacancy
16I.
Remuneration
16J.
Secretary to Tribunal and other officers
16K.
Sittings of Tribunal
16L.
Commencement of proceedings
16M.
Jurisdiction of Tribunal
16N.
Limitation of jurisdiction
16O.
Extension of jurisdiction by agreement
16P.
Abandonment to bring claim within jurisdiction
16Q.
Cause of action not to be split
16R.
Exclusion of jurisdiction of court
16S.
Notice of claim and hearing
16T.
Negotiation for settlement
16U.
Right to appear at hearings
16V.
Proceedings to be public
16W.
Evidence
16X.
Tribunal may act in absence of party
16Y.
Awards of the Tribunal
16Z.
Reference to a Judge of the High Court on a question of law
16AA. Reasons for decision
16AB. Orders and settlement to be recorded in writing
16AC. Decisions of Tribunal to be final
16AD. Criminal penalty for failure to comply
16AE. Procedure where no provision is made
16AF. Want of form
16AG. Disposal of documents, etc.
16AH. Act or omission done in good faith
16AI. Regulations in respect of the Tribunal
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ACT 118
PART VII
MISCELLANEOUS
Section
17.
Indemnity and protection against suit and proceedings
18.
Offences relating to a licence under section 5
19.
Offences by a housing developer
20.
Offences by a director of or a person connected with the business of a
licensed housing developer in certain cases
21.
Penalty for offences not otherwise provided for
22.
Liability of director, manager and other officials for offences committed
by companies and liability of a person for acts done by others
22A. Public servants and public officers
22B. Application of Public Authorities Protection Act 1948
22C. Right to initiate and maintain actions
23.
Prosecution
23A. Power to compound
24.
Powers to make regulations
SCHEDULE
Housing Development (Control and Licensing)
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LAWS OF MALAYSIA
Act 118
HOUSING DEVELOPMENT (CONTROL AND
LICENSING) ACT 1966
An Act to provide for the control and licensing of the business of
housing development in Peninsular Malaysia and for matters connected
therewith.
[29 August 1969, P.U. (B) 212/1969]
PART I
PRELIMINARY
Short title and application
1. (1) This Act may be cited as the Housing Development (Control
and Licensing) Act 1966.*
(2) (Omitted).
(3) This Act shall apply only in Peninsular Malaysia.
Saving and exemption
2. (1) (Deleted by Act A1142).
(2) The Minister may by notification published in the Gazette
exempt any housing developer from any or all of the provisions of
this Act.
(3) The provisions of this Act which relate to a company shall be
construed as in addition or supplementary to, and not in derogation
from, the provisions of any written law relating to companies.
* NOTE--Where, on or after 1 December 2002, a reference is made in any written law to the "Housing
Developers (Control and Licensing) Act 1966", such reference shall be construed as a reference to the
"Housing Development (Control and Licensing) Act 1966"­see section 5 Act A1142.
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ACT 118
Interpretation
In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires--
3.
"bank" means any bank licensed under the Banking and Financial
Institutions Act 1989 [Act 372] or under the Islamic Banking Act
1983 [Act 276];
"body of persons" means a group of persons, not being an
incorporated body or group;
"certificate of fitness for occupation" means the certificate of
fitness for occupation given or granted under the Street, Drainage
and Building Act 1974 [Act 133] and any by-laws made under that
Act;
"company" means any company incorporated, formed or registered
under any written law for the time being in force in Malaysia relating
to companies, and includes any body corporate established under
any written law in force in Malaysia;
"Controller" means the Controller of Housing appointed under
section 4;
"Deputy Controller" means the Deputy Controller of Housing
appointed under section 4;
"finance company" means any finance company licensed under
the Banking and Financial Institutions Act 1989;
"firm" means an unincorporated body of persons (whether consisting
of individuals or of corporations or partly of individuals and partly
of corporations) associated together for the purpose of carrying on
business;
"housing accommodation" includes any building, tenement or
messuage which is wholly or principally constructed, adapted or
intended for human habitation or partly for human habitation and
partly for business premises but does not include an accommodation
erected on any land designated for or approved for commercial
development;
"housing developer" means any person, body of persons, company,
firm or society (by whatever name described), who or which engages
in or carries on or undertakes or causes to be undertaken a housing
development;
Housing Development (Control and Licensing)
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"housing development" means to develop or construct or cause to
be constructed in any manner more than four units of housing
accommodation and includes the collection of moneys or the carrying
on of any building operations for the purpose of erecting housing
accommodation in, on, over or under any land; or the sale of more
than four units of housing lots by the landowner or his nominee with
the view of constructing more than four units of housing accommodation
by the said landowner or his nominee;
"Housing Development Account" means an account opened and
maintained by a licensed housing developer pursuant to section 7A;
"housing lot" means any piece of land surveyed or otherwise, to
which a lot number has been assigned to it and which is subject to
the category "building" in accordance with the National Land Code
1965 [Act 56 of 1965];
"Inspector" means an inspector appointed under section 4;
"licence" means a licence granted under section 5;
"licensed housing developer" means any housing developer licensed
under section 5 to engage in or carry on or undertake a housing
development and includes the holder of any power of attorney of
such housing developer duly created under the Powers of Attorney
Act 1949 [Act 424];
"local authority" includes any person or body of persons appointed
or authorized under any written law to exercise and perform the
powers and duties which are conferred and imposed on a local
authority under any written law;
"prescribed" means prescribed by regulations made under this
Act, and where no mode is mentioned means prescribed from time
to time by order published in the Gazette;
" p u r c h a s e r " means any person who purchases housing
accommodation or who has any dealing with a licensed housing
developer in respect of the acquisition of housing accommodation;
"stakeholder" means any solicitor holding moneys as stakeholder
for payment to a housing developer pursuant to sale and purchase
agreements in respect of a housing development which the housing
developer is engaged in, carries on or undertakes or causes to be
undertaken;
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"Tribunal" means the Tribunal for Homebuyer Claims established
under section 16B.
Appointment of Controller, Deputy Controllers, Inspectors and
other officers and servants
4. (1) For the purpose of this Act, the Minister may appoint a
Controller of Housing and such number of Deputy Controllers of
Housing, Inspectors of Housing and other officers and servants as
the Minister may deem fit from amongst members of the public
service.
(2) The Controller and Deputy Controllers shall have and may
exercise any of the powers conferred on an Inspector by or under this
Act.
(3) The Controller may, in writing, delegate all or any of his
powers or functions under this Act, except his power of delegation,
to any Deputy Controller, Inspector, officer or servant appointed
under subsection (1).
(4) Without prejudice to subsection (2), the Controller may, in
writing, delegate any of his powers and functions under this Act in
respect of the investigation of offences under this Act and the
enforcement of this Act to any public officer or officer of a local
authority.
(5) Any delegation under subsection (3) or (4) may be revoked
at any time by the Controller and does not prohibit the Controller
from himself exercising the powers or performing the functions so
delegated.
PART II
LICENSING OF HOUSING DEVELOPERS
Prohibition against housing development except by virtue of a
licence and provisions relating to the grant of a licence
5. (1) No housing development shall be engaged in, carried on,
undertaken or caused to be undertaken except by a housing developer
in possession of a licence issued under this Act.
Housing Development (Control and Licensing)
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(2) Except with the written consent of the Controller no housing
developer other than a licensed housing developer shall assume or
use in relation to his business or any part of his business the words
"housing developer" or any of its derivatives or any other word
indicating the carrying on of the business of housing development.
(3) A housing developer who desires to engage in or carry out or
undertake or cause to be undertaken a housing development shall
apply to the Controller for a licence and any such application shall
be made in the prescribed form and in the case of any applicant listed
in column (1) of the Schedule the application shall be accompanied
by the documents listed against him in column (2), every such
document being verified by means of a statutory declaration made
by the person listed in column (3) of the said Schedule.
(4) Upon receiving an application for a licence under this section,
the Controller may grant the licence applied for or refuse to grant
such a licence; and in granting such a licence the Controller may
impose thereon such conditions (including the period during which
the licence shall be valid) as he may deem fit and proper.
(4A) No application for a licence under this section shall be
considered unless the prescribed fees have been paid to the Controller.
(4B) There shall be charged and paid to the Controller on the
grant of a licence and at such intervals after such grant during the
period of validity of the licence such fees as may be prescribed.
(5) Subject to section 14, the Controller may at any time vary,
cancel or alter the conditions imposed under subsection (4) or
impose any new or additional conditions; or, where the licence is not
subject to any condition, impose thereon such conditions as the
Controller may deem fit for carrying out the provisions of this Act.
Conditions or restrictions for the grant of a licence
6. (1) Subject to the exercise of power of waiver by the Minister
under subsection (2), the licence applied for under section 5 shall not
be granted--
(a) unless the applicant has a capital issued and paid up in cash
of not less than two hundred and fifty thousand ringgit and
makes a deposit with the Controller of not less than two
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ACT 118
hundred thousand ringgit in cash or in such other form as
the Minister may determine, if the application is made by
a company; or
(b) unless the applicant makes a deposit with the Controller of
not less than two hundred thousand ringgit in cash or in
such other form as the Minister may determine, if the
application is made by a person or body of persons;
(c) unless the applicant is not himself nor is any member or
partner thereof a person convicted of an offence involving
fraud or dishonesty or an undischarged bankrupt, if the
application is made respectively by a person or a body of
persons or a firm;
(d) unless no one who is convicted of an offence involving
fraud or dishonesty or who is an undischarged bankrupt is
holding office as director, manager or secretary of the
applicant or other similar office or position, if the application
is made by a company, or is holding office as president,
secretary or treasurer of the applicant or other similar
office or position, if the application is made by a society;
(e) unless, at the time the application is made, the applicant or
any member or partner of the applicant, if the applicant is
a body of persons or firm, or a director, manager or
secretary of the applicant, if the applicant is a company,
has not, due to a conviction for an offence under this Act,
been sentenced to a fine exceeding ten thousand ringgit or
to imprisonment (other than imprisonment in default of a
fine not exceeding ten thousand ringgit);
(f) unless, at the time the application is made, a person who
had been a director of or had been directly concerned in the
management of the business of a licensed housing developer
which has been wound up by a court is not a director or is
not directly concerned in the management of the business
of the applicant; and
(g) if the registration of the applicant's architect or engineer
has been cancelled and has not been reinstated under the
Architects Act 1967 [Act 117] or the Registration of
Engineers Act 1967 [Act 138] at the time the application is
made.
Housing Development (Control and Licensing)
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(1A) For the purposes of paragraphs (1)(d), (e) and (f), if the
a p p l i c a n t is a company, the expression "applicant" shall
include the holding company of the applicant, or a subsidiary
of the applicant or a subsidiary of the holding company of the
applicant.
(2) The Minister may in his absolute discretion waive any or all
of the conditions set out in paragraph (1) (a), (b) or (d) or substitute
any or all of the said conditions for such other conditions as he may
consider fit and proper.
Controller to keep deposit
6A.  Subject to any direction of the Minister, the Controller
shall keep the deposit made under paragraphs 6(1)(a) and (b)
until the expiry of the defect liability period of the housing
development.
Controller may forfeit deposit
If any licensed holding developer--
6B.
(a) is carrying on his business, in the opinion of the Controller,
in a manner detrimental to the interest of the purchasers or
to any member of the public;
(b) has insufficient assets to cover his liabilities;
(c) is contravening any of the provisions of this Act; or
(d) has ceased to carry on housing development in Peninsular
Malaysia,
the Controller may, after having given the licensed developer an
opportunity to submit reasons within a specified time on why the
deposit under paragraph 6(1)(a) or (b) should not be forfeited, forfeit
the whole or a part of the deposit.
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ACT 118
PART III
DUTIES OF A LICENSED HOUSING DEVELOPER
Duties of a licensed housing developer
7.  In addition to the liabilities and duties imposed in sections 8 and
9, a licensed housing developer shall--
(a) within four weeks of the making of any alterations in or to
any documents submitted to the Controller under subsection
5(3) furnish to the Controller written particulars of the
alterations;
(b) exhibit at all times in a conspicuous position in any office
and branch office of the licensed housing developer a copy
of his licence, advertisement and sale permit and a copy of
his last audited balance-sheet as soon as the same is
available and such information as the present or former
full name, usual residential address, nationality, nationality
of origin (where the present nationality is not that of
origin), business or occupation (if any) of each person who
has the control and management of the business of the
licensed housing developer and particulars of any other
directorship held by that person;
(c) keep or cause to be kept in his office in Peninsular Malaysia
such accounting and other records as will sufficiently
explain the transactions and the financial position of the
licensed housing developer and enable true and fair profit
and loss accounts and balance-sheets and any documents
required to be attached thereto to be prepared from time to
time, shall cause these records to be kept in such manner
as to enable them to be conveniently and properly audited;
(d) every year appoint an auditor in the manner required under
section 9;
(e) within six months after the close of the financial year of
the licensed housing developer in question send to the
Controller and also publish in the Gazette a copy of the
report of the auditor prepared under section 9 together
with a copy of his balance-sheet and profit and loss
account;
Housing Development (Control and Licensing)
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(f) not later than the 21st day of January and the 21st day of
July of each year, send to the Controller a statement, in
such form and containing such information as the Controller
may from time to time determine, on the progress of the
housing development which the housing developer is
engaged in, carries on or undertakes or causes to be
undertaken;
(g) where he considers that he is likely to become unable to
meet his obligations to the purchasers at any stage of the
housing development before the issuance of the certificate
of fitness for occupation, forthwith inform the Controller
of such fact;
(h) inform the Controller of the handing over of vacant possession
of the housing accommodation in the housing development
to the purchasers and submit a certified true copy of his
architect's certificate certifying that the construction of
the housing accommodation has been duly completed and
that water and electricity supplies are ready for connection
to the housing accommodation;
(i) inform the Controller if the appropriate authority has
refused to accept the submission of any document relating
to the issuance of certificates of fitness for occupation and
submit the refusal letter from the appropriate authority to
the Controller;
(j) ensure that the development of the housing accommodation
has been carried out in accordance with any requirements
prescribed under any law regulating buildings and has
exercised all such diligence as may be required for the
issuance of certificates of fitness for occupation and for
the issuance and transfer of the titles to the housing
accommodation to the purchasers; and
(k) inform the Controller of the progress in the issuance of
separate or strata titles for the housing accommodation
and the transfer of such titles to the purchasers.
Licensed housing developer to open and maintain Housing
Development Account
7A. (1) Subject to subsection (9), every licensed housing developer
shall open and maintain a Housing Development Account with a
bank or finance company for each housing development undertaken
by the licensed housing developer.
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ACT 118
(2) Where a housing development is to be developed in phases,
the licensed housing developer shall open and keep a Housing
Development Account under subsection (1) for each phase of such
housing development.
(3) The licensed housing developer shall pay into the Housing
Development Account of a housing development the purchase
moneys received by the licensed housing developer from the sale of
housing accommodation in the housing development and any other
sum of money which are required by regulations made under this Act
to be paid into the Housing Development Account.
(4) The licensed housing developer shall not withdraw any money
from the Housing Development Account except as authorized by
regulations made under this Act.
(5) Subject to paragraph (6)(b), all moneys in the Housing
Development Account and all moneys held by the stakeholder shall,
notwithstanding any other written law to the contrary, be deemed
not to form part of the property of the licensed housing developer in
the event--
(a) the licensed housing developer enters into any composition
or arrangement with his creditors or has a receiving order
or an adjudication order made against him; or
(b) the licensed housing developer, being a company, goes
into voluntary or compulsory liquidation.
(6) Upon the happening of any of the event referred to in
subsection (5)--
(a) the moneys in the Housing Development Account and
moneys held by the stakeholder shall vest in the official
receiver, trustee in bankruptcy or liquidator as the case
may be, to be applied for all or any of the purposes for
which moneys in the Housing Development Account and
moneys held by the stakeholder are authorized by regulations
made under this Act to be withdrawn; and
(b) any moneys remaining in the Housing Development Account
and moneys held by the stakeholder, after all payments
have been made pursuant to paragraph (a) and all liabilities
and obligations of the licensed housing developer under
Housing Development (Control and Licensing)
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the sale and purchase agreements in respect of the housing
development have been fully discharged and fulfilled,
shall be held by the official receiver, trustee in bankruptcy
or liquidator, as the case may be, as money belonging to
the licensed housing developer to be applied in accordance
with the law relating to bankruptcy of or the winding-up of
a company.
(7) Notwithstanding any other written law to the contrary, all
moneys in the Housing Development Account and moneys held by
the stakeholder shall not be garnished until all liabilities and
obligations of the licensed housing developer under the sale and
purchase agreements in respect of the housing development have
been fully discharged and fulfilled.
(8) Subject to the Banking and Financial Institutions Act 1989
and the Islamic Banking Act 1983, the Minister may, if he thinks
necessary, appoint an approved company auditor to investigate the
books, accounts and transactions of a Housing Development Account
and the licensed housing developer shall pay all expenses incurred
hereto.
(9) This section shall not apply to any housing development
carried on by a licensed housing developer where all the housing
accommodation in the housing development will not be offered for
sale and purchase before the completion of the housing development
and the issuance of certificates of fitness for occupation.
(10) Any housing developer who contravenes or fails to comply
with this section shall be guilty of an offence and shall, on conviction,
be liable to a fine which shall not be less than fifty thousand ringgit
but which shall not exceed five hundred thousand ringgit and shall
also be liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three years
or to both.
Licensed housing developer for the purpose of sections 8, 8A, 11
and 12
7B.  For the purpose of sections 8, 8A, 11 and 12, "licensed
housing developer" includes any housing developer whose licence
has expired.
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ACT 118
Arrangement or agreement affecting the business of a licensed
housing developer
8. (1) Where a licensed housing developer proposes to enter into
an arrangement or agreement to sell, transfer, assign, dispose of or
r e c o n s t r u c t his business or management relating to housing
development either by amalgamation or otherwise, the licensed
housing developer shall as soon as possible notify the Controller of
the proposed arrangement or agreement and unless approved by the
Controller under subsection (2), the licensed housing developer
shall not proceed with that arrangement or agreement.
(2) Where the Controller receives the notification of the proposed
arrangement or agreement under subsection (1), the Controller may
approve the arrangement or agreement or refuse to give approval
thereto; and in approving the same he may impose thereon such
conditions as he may deem fit and proper for the purpose of carrying
into effect the provisions of this Act.
Statutory termination of sale and purchase agreements
8A. (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in any agreement, a
licensed housing developer may apply to the Minister for approval
to terminate all the sale and purchase agreements entered into in
respect of a housing development or any phase of a housing development
which the housing developer is engaged in, carries on or undertakes
or causes to be undertaken if--
(a) six months after the execution of the sale and purchase
agreements, development of the housing accommodation
in that housing development or phase has not commenced;
and
(b) at least seventy-five per cent of all the purchasers who
have entered into the sale and purchase agreements have
agreed with the housing developer in writing to terminate
the sale and purchase agreements.
(2) Any application made under subsection (1) shall be supported
by--
(a) the written consent of the licensed housing developer and
of each of the purchasers who have agreed to terminate the
sale and purchase agreements and such consent shall have
been duly executed by the licensed housing developer and
Housing Development (Control and Licensing)
19
the purchaser, as the case may be, and witnessed by his
solicitors or a Commissioner for Oaths not earlier than one
month before the date of the application; and
(b) such other documents or evidence as the Minister may
require or as may be determined including such evidence
which may satisfy the Minister that the licensed housing
developer is financially capable of refunding to the purchasers
and their financiers all the moneys paid by them to the
licensed housing developer if the Minister approves such
application.
(3) For the purpose of this section, joint purchasers irrespective
of any number in a sale and purchase agreement shall be considered
as one purchaser.
(4) Upon receipt of an application under subsection (1), the
Minister may grant or refuse the application for approval.
(5) In granting the approval under subsection (4) the Minister
may impose such conditions as he may deem fit and proper.
(6) The decision of the Minister shall be final and shall not be
questioned in any court and it shall be binding on the licensed
housing developer and all the purchasers and no injunction shall be
granted to restrain any person from carrying out the decision of the
Minister.
(7) All the sale and purchase agreements in respect of the housing
development or the phase of a housing development which is the
subject of an approval under subsection (4) including those of the
remaining purchasers who have not agreed to the termination shall
be deemed to have been duly terminated.
(8) The licensed housing developer shall, within fourteen days
from the date of receipt of the Minister's approval, inform all the
purchasers in writing of the Minister's decision.
(9) The licensed housing developer shall refund all moneys
received by the licensed housing developer from the respective
purchasers free of any interest within the period stated in the
Minister's approval.
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ACT 118
(10) Upon receipt of the refund under subsection (9), the purchasers
shall immediately cause all encumbrances on the land to be removed
and the cost and expenses for such removal shall be borne by and
may be claimed as a civil debt from the housing developer.
(11) Any person who fails to comply with this section shall be
guilty of an offence and shall, on conviction, be liable to a fine not
exceeding fifty thousand ringgit and to a further fine not exceeding
five thousand ringgit for every day during which the offence continues
after conviction.
Audit
9. (1) Subject to subsection (2), every licensed housing developer
shall every year or as often as the need arises appoint a person
approved by the Minister to be his auditor; and where a licensed
housing developer fails to make the appointment or fails to appoint
another auditor in place of an auditor who has resigned his office or
dies or whose appointment has been terminated, the Minister may
appoint any person who in his opinion is or are fit and proper to be
an auditor for the licensed housing developer in question and fix
remunerations which shall be paid to the auditor so appointed and
such remunerations shall be paid by the licensed housing developer
for whom the auditor is or are so appointed.
(2) No person having an interest in the business of a licensed
housing developer either as a shareholder or otherwise; and no
director, officer, employee or agent of a licensed housing developer
shall be eligible for appointment as an auditor of the housing
developer; and where any person who is appointed as an auditor of
a licensed housing developer shall after his appointment acquire an
interest in the business of the licensed housing developer or become
a director, an officer, employee or agent of the licensed housing
developer, he shall forthwith cease to be an auditor of that licensed
housing developer.
(3) Every auditor of a licensed housing developer shall make a
report to the Controller as to the annual balance-sheet and profit and
loss accounts of the licensed housing developer for whom the
auditor is appointed and shall state in every such report whether or
not in his opinion--
(a) the balance-sheet and the profit and loss accounts are
properly drawn up and so as to give a true and fair account
of the state of the licensed housing developer's affairs;
Housing Development (Control and Licensing)
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(b) the accounting and the records examined by him are
properly kept; and
(c) if the auditor has called for an explanation or information
from the officers or agents of the licensed housing developer,
such explanation or information has been satisfactory.
(4) Every auditor of a licensed housing developer shall have a
right of access at all times to the accounting and other records of the
licensed housing developer and shall be entitled to require such
information and explanation as he desires for the purpose of audit
from the officers of the licensed housing developer or from any
other person who is in possession of the information or who could
give the information or explanation.
(5) In addition to the duties and powers under this section,
every auditor of a licensed housing developer may also exercise
the powers and perform the duties conferred or imposed upon the
Controller and Inspectors under section 10 relating to the investigation
into the affairs of a licensed housing developer or his accounting
or other records.
PART IV
INVESTIGATION AND ENFORCEMENT
Investigation
10. (1) Either on his own volition or upon being directed by the
Minister under subsection (2), the Controller or an Inspector may
from time to time under conditions of secrecy investigate the
commission of any offence under this Act or investigate into the
affairs of or into the accounting or other records of any housing
developer.
(2) The Minister may direct the Controller or an Inspector to
make an investigation under subsection (1)--
(a) if he has reason to believe that the housing developer in
question is carrying on his business in a manner detrimental
to his purchasers; or has assets insufficient to meet his
liabilities or is contravening any of the provisions of this
Act; or
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(b) if an application for such an investigation is made to him,
and every such application shall be supported by not less
than five purchasers and accompanied with such evidence
and such security as the Minister may require for the
purpose of satisfying himself that the application is made
i n good faith, and of paying the costs of such an
investigation.
(3) (Deleted by Act A1142).
Powers of entry, search and seizure
10A. (1) If it appears to a Magistrate, upon written information
on oath and after such inquiry as he considers necessary, that there
is reasonable cause to believe that any premises have been used
or are about to be used for, or there is in or on any premises
evidence necessary to establish, the commission of an offence
under this Act, the Magistrate may issue a warrant authorizing an
Inspector to whom it is directed, at any reasonable time by day
or night and with or without assistance--
(a) enter any premises and there search for, seize and detain
any property, book or other document;
(b) inspect, make copies of, or take extracts from, any book
or other document so seized and detained;
(c) take possession of, and remove from the premises, any
property, book or other document so seized and detained;
(d) search any person who is in, or on, such premises, and
for the purpose of such search detain such person and
remove him to such place as may be necessary to facilitate
such search, and seize and detain any property, book or
other document found on such person;
(e) break open, examine, and search, any article, container
or receptacle; or
(f) stop, detain or search any conveyance.
(2) An Inspector authorized under subsection (1) may, if it is
necessary so to do--
(a) break open any outer or inner door of such premises and
enter such premises and every part of such premises;
(b) remove by force any obstruction to such entry, search,
seizure, detention or removal; or
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23
(c) detain all or any persons found on any premises, or in
any conveyance, searched under subsection (1) until such
premises or conveyance have been searched.
(3) If an Inspector has reasonable cause to suspect by reason
of delay in obtaining a search warrant under subsection (1) that--
(a) the investigation would be adversely affected; or
(b) evidence of the commission of an offence is likely to be
tampered with, removed, damage or destroyed,
he may enter the premises and exercise in, and in respect of the
premises, all the powers referred to in subsections (1) and (2) in
as full and ample a manner as if he were authorized to do so by
a warrant under subsection (1).
(4) A list of all things seized in the course of a search made
under this section and of the places in which they are respectively
found shall be prepared by the Inspector conducting the search and
signed by him.
(5) The occupant of the premises entered under subsection (1),
or some person on his behalf, shall in every instance be permitted
to attend during the search, and a copy of the list prepared and
signed under subsection (4) shall immediately be delivered to such
occupant or person.
(6) An Inspector shall, unless otherwise ordered by any court--
(a) on the close of investigations or any proceedings arising
therefrom; or
(b) with the prior written consent of the Controller for the
Inspector to act on his behalf for this purpose at any time
before the close of investigations,
release any property, book or other document seized, detained or
removed by him or any other Inspector, to such person as he
determines to be lawfully entitled to the property, book or other
document if he is satisfied that it is not required for the purpose
of any prosecution or proceedings under this Act, or for the purpose
of any prosecution under any other written law.
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(7) A record in writing shall be made by the Inspector effecting
any release of any property, book or other document under subsection
(6) in respect of such release specifying therein in detail the
circumstances of, and the reason for, such release.
(8) Where the Inspector is unable to determine the person who
is lawfully entitled to the property, book or other document or
where there is more than one claimant to such property, book or
other document, the Inspector shall report the matter to a Magistrate
who shall then deal with the property, book or other document as
provided for in subsections 413(2), (3) and (4) and sections 414,
415 and 416 of the Criminal Procedure Code [Act 593].
Search of person
10B. (1) An Inspector may search any person whom he has reason
to believe has on his person any property, book or other document,
or other article necessary, in his opinion, for the purpose of an
investigation into any offence under this Act, and for the purpose
of such search may detain such person for such period as may be
necessary to have the search carried out, which shall not in any
case exceed twenty-four hours without the authorization of a
Magistrate, and may remove him in custody to such place as may
be necessary to facilitate such search.
(2) An Inspector making a search of a person under subsection
(1) may seize, detain, or take possession of any property, book or
other document, or article, found upon such person for the purpose
of the investigation being carried out by him.
(3) No female person shall be searched under this section or
under section 10A except by another female person and with strict
regard for decency.
Obstruction to exercise of powers by an Inspector
No person shall--
10C.
(a) refuse any Inspector exercising his powers under section
10A or 10B access to any premises or any part of such
premises, or fail to submit to the search of his person;
(b) assault, obstruct, hinder or delay such Inspector in effecting
any entrance which he is entitled to effect;
Housing Development (Control and Licensing)
25
(c) fail to comply with any lawful demands of any Inspector
in the execution of his duties under section 10A or 10B;
(d) refuse to give to an Inspector any information which may
reasonably be required of him and which he has it in his
power to give;
(e) fail to produce to, or conceal or attempt to conceal from,
an Inspector, any property, book, other document, or
article in relation to which an Inspector has reasonable
grounds for suspecting that an offence has been or is
being committed under this Act;
(f) rescue or endeavour to rescue any thing which has been
duly seized;
(g) furnish to the Inspector as true any information which he
knows or has reason to believe to be false; or
(h) before or after any seizure, break or otherwise destroy
any thing to prevent the seizure or the securing of the
thing.
Requirement to provide translation
10D. (1) Where an Inspector finds, seizes, detains, or takes possession
of any book or other document in the exercise of any power under
this Act, and such book or other document or any part of it is in
a language other than the national language or the English language,
or in any sign or code, the Inspector may orally or in writing
require the person who had the possession, custody or control of
such book or other document, to furnish to the Inspector a translation
in the national language of such book or other document within
such period as, in the opinion of the Inspector, would be reasonable
having regard to the length of the book or other document, or other
circumstances relating to it.
(2) No person shall knowingly furnish a translation under
subsection (1) which is not an accurate, faithful and true translation,
or knowingly make a translation under that subsection which is not
accurate, faithful and true.
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Power to examine persons
10E. (1) Where an Inspector suspects any person to have committed
an offence under this Act, he may, if in his opinion it is reasonably
necessary to do so for the purposes of investigating into such
offence--
(a) order any person orally or in writing to attend before the
Inspector for the purpose of being examined orally by the
Inspector in relation to any matter which may, in the
opinion of the Inspector, assist in the investigation into
the offence;
(b) order any person orally or in writing to produce before
the Controller or the Inspector books, other documents,
property, articles, or things which may, in the opinion of
the Controller or the Inspector, assist in the investigation
into the offence; or
(c) by written notice require any person to furnish a statement
in writing made on oath or affirmation setting out in the
notice all such information which may be required under
the notice, being information which, in the opinion of the
Controller, would be of assistance in the investigation
into the offence.
(2) A person to whom an order under paragraph (1)(a) or (b),
or a written notice under paragraph (1)(c), has been given shall
comply with the terms of such order or written notice, as the case
may be, and, in particular--
(a) a person to whom an order under paragraph (1)(a) has
been given shall attend in accordance with the terms of
the order to be examined, and shall continue to so attend
from day to day as directed by the Inspector until the
e x a m i n a t i o n is completed, and shall during such
examination disclose all information which is within his
knowledge, or which is available to him, or which is
capable of being obtained by him, in respect of the matter
in relation to which he is being examined, whether or not
any question is put to him with regard thereto, and where
any question is put to him he shall answer the question
truthfully and to the best of his knowledge and belief,
and shall not refuse to answer any question on the ground
that it tends to incriminate him;
Housing Development (Control and Licensing)
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(b) a person to whom an order has been given under paragraph
(1)(b) shall not conceal, hide, destroy, alter, remove from
or send out of Malaysia, or deal with, expend, or dispose
of, any book, other document, property, article, or thing
specified in the order, or alter or deface any entry in any
such book or other document, or cause such act to be
done, or assist or conspire to do the act; and
(c) a person to whom a written notice has been given under
paragraph (1)(c) shall, in his statement made on oath or
affirmation, furnish and disclose truthfully all information
required under the notice which is within his knowledge,
or which is available to him, or which is capable of being
obtained by him, and shall not fail to furnish or disclose
the information on the ground that it tends to incriminate
him.
(3) A person to whom an order or a notice is given under
subsection (1) shall comply with such order or notice and with the
provisions of subsection (2) in relation to the order or notice,
notwithstanding the provisions of any written law, whether enacted
before or after the commencement of this Act, or of any oath,
undertaking or requirement of secrecy, to the contrary, or of any
obligation under any contract, agreement of arrangement, whether
express or implied, to the contrary.
(4) Where any person discloses any information or produces
any property, book, other document, article, or thing, pursuant to
subsections (1) and (2), neither the first-mentioned person, nor any
other person on whose behalf or direction or as whose agent or
employee the first-mentioned person may be acting, shall, on account
of such disclosure or production, be liable to any prosecution for
any offence under or by virtue of any law, or to any proceeding
or claim in any form or of any description by any person under
or by virtue of any agreement or arrangement, or otherwise.
(5) An Inspector may seize, take possession of and retain for
such duration as he deems necessary, any property, book, other
document, article or thing produced before him in the course of
an investigation under subsection (1), or search the person who is
being examined by him under paragraph (1)(a), or who produces
anything to him under paragraph (1)(b), for ascertaining whether
anything relevant to the investigation is concealed, upon such
person or is otherwise upon such person.
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(6) An examination under paragraph (1)(a) shall be reduced
into writing by the Inspector and shall be read to and signed by
the person being examined, and where such person refuses to sign
the record, the Inspector shall endorse on the record under his
hand the fact of such refusal and the reasons for such refusal, if
any, stated by the person examined.
(7) The record of an examination under paragraph (1)(a),
or a written statement on oath or affirmation made pursuant
to paragraph (1)(c), or any property, book, other document,
article or thing produced under paragraph (1)(b) or in the course
of an examination under paragraph (1)(a) or under a written
statement on oath or affirmation made pursuant to paragraph (1)(c),
shall, notwithstanding any written law or rule of law to the
contrary, be admissible in evidence in any proceedings in any
court--
(a) for, or in relation to, an offence under this Act; or
(b) for, or in relation to, any other matter under this Act,
regardless whether such proceedings are against the person who
was examined, or who produced the property, book, other document,
article or thing, or who made the written statement on oath or
affirmation, or against any other person.
Specific persons in respect of whom powers of investigation
may be exercised
10F.  The powers of investigation conferred by this Act on an
Inspector, may be exercised by him against--
(a) any past or present business associate; or
(b) any person who is or was concerned in the
c o n t r o l or management, in whole or in part of the
affairs,
of the person suspected to have committed an offence under this
Act.
Housing Development (Control and Licensing)
29
Assistance to police or other public officer
10G.  The Controller may on his own initiative, or on the request
of an Inspector--
(a) supply to a police officer or any other public officer a
copy of any book or other document seized, detained or
taken possession of under section 10A or 10B, or of any
record of examination under paragraph 10E(1)(a), or of
any written statement on oath or affirmation made under
paragraph 10E(1)(c), or of any book or other document
produced under paragraph 10E(1)(b), or otherwise in the
course of any examination under paragraph 10E(1)(a), or
under any written statement on oath or affirmation made
pursuant to paragraph 10E(1)(c), and such police officer
or other public officer may make such use of such copy
of such record, statement, book or other document as
may be necessary or expedient in relation to the exercise
of his powers, the performance of his functions, or the
discharge of his duties, in respect of any person; or
(b) allow a police officer or any other public officer to have
access to and inspect any property, book, other document,
article or thing which had been produced before, or seized,
detained or taken possession of, by an Inspector under
this Act, and such police or other public officer may
make such use of any knowledge gained by such access
or inspection as may be necessary or expedient in relation
to the exercise of his powers, the performance of his
functions, or the discharge of his duties, in respect of any
person.
Protection of informers
10H. (1) Except as provided in subsection (3), no witness in any
civil or criminal proceedings shall be obliged or permitted to
disclose the name or address of any informer or the substance and
nature of the information received from him or to state any matter
which may lead to his discovery.
(2) If any books, documents, records or papers which are in
evidence or are liable to inspection in any civil or criminal proceedings
contain any entry in which any informer is named or described or
which might lead to his discovery, the court shall cause all such
passages to be concealed from view or to be obliterated so far only
as may be necessary to protect the informer from discovery.
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(3) If on trial for any offence under this Act the court after full
inquiry into the case believes that the informer willfully made in
his complaint a material statement which he knew or believed to
be false or did not believe to be true, or if in any other proceeding
the court is of the opinion that justice cannot be fully done between
the parties to the proceeding without the discovery of the informer,
it shall be lawful for the court to require the production of the
original complaint, if in writing, and permit enquiry, and require
full disclosure, concerning the informer.
Authority to act
10I.  An Inspector when acting under this Part shall on demand
declare his office and produce to the person against whom he is
acting such written authorization as the Controller may direct to
be carried by such Inspector.
Limitation on the powers of an Inspector
10J.  No Inspector shall be entitled to exercise any of the powers
under this Part without prior written authorization from the Controller.
PART V
POWERS OF MINISTER
Powers of the Minister to give directions for the purpose of
safeguarding the interests of purchasers
11. (1) Where on his own volition a licensed housing developer
informs the Controller or where as a result of an investigation
made under section 10 or for any other reason the Controller is
of the opinion that the licensed housing developer becomes unable
to meet his obligations to his purchasers or is about to suspend his
building operations or is carrying on his business in a manner
detrimental to the interests of his purchasers, the Minister may
without prejudice to the generality of the powers of the Minister
to give directions under section 12 for the purpose of safeguarding
the interests of the purchasers of the licensed housing developer--
(a) direct the licensed housing developer in question to take
such steps as he may consider necessary to rectify any
matter or circumstance;
Housing Development (Control and Licensing)
31
(b) direct that a person be appointed or himself appoint a
person to advise the licensed housing developer in the
conduct of his business;
(c) with the concurrence of the Minister of Finance direct a
company to assume control and carry on the business of
the housing developer upon such terms and conditions as
the Minister may determine;
(ca) certify that the licensed housing developer has abandoned
the housing development;
(d) direct that the licensed housing developer present a petition
to the High Court for the winding up of his business; or
(e) take such action as the Minister may consider necesary
in the circumstances of the case for carrying into effect
the provisions of this Act.
(1A) In giving his direction or decision under paragraph (1)(a),
(b), (c) or (e), the Minister may specify that any cost and expense
reasonably incurred by such persons as may be specified by the
Minister in carrying out such direction or decision of the Minister
shall be paid from the Housing Development Account of the housing
development or from the moneys due to the Account.
(2) Every such direction of the Minister made under subsection
(1) shall be binding on the licensed housing developer and the
purchasers.
(3) Where a company has, in pursuance of a direction of the
Minister under paragraph (1)(c), assumed control of and carried
on the business of a licensed housing developer, the following
provisions shall apply:
(a) the licensed housing developer in question shall submit
his business to the control of the company and shall
provide the company with such facilities as the Controller
may consider necessary for the purpose of carrying on
the business of the licensed housing developer;
(b) the company shall take over and become in control of
and continue to carry on the business of the licensed
housing developer until such time as the Minister may
in writing otherwise direct; and
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(c) every such assumption and cessation of control of the
business of a licensed housing developer pursuant to a
direction of the Minister made under paragraph (1)(c)
shall be published by the Controller in the Gazette.
Powers of the Minister to give general directions
12.  The Minister may give to a licensed housing developer such
directions as he considers fit and proper for the purpose of ensuring
compliance with this Act, and any such direction shall be made
in writing and shall be binding on the licensed housing developer
to whom the direction is made.
Revocation and suspension of a licence
If any licensed housing developer--
13.
(a) is carrying on his business, in the opinion of the Controller,
in a manner detrimental to the interest of the purchasers
or to any member of the public;
(b) has insufficient assets to cover his liabilities;
(c) is contravening any of the provisions of this Act; or
(d) has ceased to carry on housing development in Peninsular
Malaysia,
the Controller may subject to section 14 relating to the giving of
opportunity of being heard revoke the licence issued to the licensed
housing developer or suspend it for such period as the Controller
may determine.
Controller to report the conduct of an architect or engineer
13A.  Where the Controller is satisfied that the conduct of an
architect or engineer of a housing developer has prejudiced the
interest of the purchaser of the licensed housing developer, the
Controller may report such conduct of the architect or engineer to
his respective professional body.
Transfer or assignment of a licence
13B.  No licence or any right to the licence issued to a housing
developer under this Act shall be transferred or assigned and any
such transfer or assignment shall be void.
Housing Development (Control and Licensing)
33
Opportunity of being heard to be afforded before revocation
or suspension of a licence and in certain other cases
14.  Before revoking or suspending a licence under section 13 or
before varying, cancelling or altering any conditions imposed on
a licence or before imposing thereon any new or additional conditions
under subsection 5(5), the Controller shall notify the housing
developer who is affected by the action proposed to be taken by
the Controller of the aforesaid proposed action and shall give the
licensed housing developer an opportunity to submit reasons or an
explanation why the aforesaid proposed action should not be carried
out.
Individual not eligible to take part in management of the business
of a licensed housing developer
15. (1) Without prejudice to anything contained in any written
law relating to companies, cooperative societies, societies and
partnerships, any person who acts or holds office of a director,
manager or secretary of a licensed housing developer or a similar
office or position shall cease to hold that office or position--
(a) if he becomes bankrupt or suspends payment or compounds
with his creditors; or
(b) if he is convicted of an offence involving dishonesty or
fraud.
(2) No person who has been a director of, or been directly
concerned in the management of, the business of a licensed housing
developer which has been wound up by a court shall, without the
approval in writing of the Minister, act or continue to act as a
director of, or be directly concerned in, the management of the
business of any licensed housing developer.
Right of appeal to the Minister by an aggrieved licensed housing
developer against the decision of the Controller
16.  An applicant applying under subsection 5(3) or a licensed
housing developer, as the case may be, who is aggrieved by the
action or decision of the Controller--
(a) in refusing to grant a licence to him under section 5;
(b) in varying, altering or cancelling any conditions of his
l i c e n c e or imposing thereon any new or additional
conditions under subsection 5(5);
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(c) in refusing to give approval to an arrangement or agreement
proposed to be entered into by a licensed housing developer
under section 8, or in approving the same but subject to
conditions being imposed thereon; or
(d) in revoking or suspending his licence under section 13,
may, within fourteen days after having been notified of the action
or decision of the Controller appeal against that action or decision
to the Minister; and the decision of the Minister made thereon
shall be final and shall not be questioned in any court.
PART VI
TRIBUNAL FOR HOMEBUYER CLAIMS
Meaning of "homebuyer"
16A.  For the purpose of this Part, "homebuyer" means a purchaser
and includes a person who has subsequently purchased a housing
a c c o m m o d a t i o n from the first purchaser of the housing
accommodation.
Establishment of Tribunal for Homebuyer Claims
16B.  A tribunal to be known as the "Tribunal for Homebuyer
Claims" is established.
Membership of Tribunal
16C. (1) The Tribunal shall consist of the following members:
(a) a Chairman and a Deputy Chairman to be appointed by
the Minister from amongst members of the Judicial and
Legal Service; and
(b) not less than five other members to be appointed by the
Minister from amongst persons who are members of the
Judicial and Legal Service or advocates and solicitors of
the High Court in Malaya and have practised for not less
than seven years.
Housing Development (Control and Licensing)
35
(2) The members referred to in paragraph (1)(b)--
(a) shall hold office for a term not exceeding three years;
and
(b) shall be eligible for reappointment upon the expiry of his
term of office but shall not be appointed for more than
three consecutive terms.
Temporary exercise of functions of Chairman
16D.  Where the Chairman is for any reason unable to perform his
functions or during any period of vacancy in the office of the
Chairman, the Deputy Chairman shall perform the functions of the
Chairman.
Vacation of office
The office of a member of the Tribunal shall become vacant--
16E.
(a) upon the death of the member;
(b) upon the member resigning from such office by giving
three months' written notice to the Minister;
(c) upon the expiry of his term of office; or
(d) upon the member ceasing to be a member of the Judicial
and Legal Service or an advocate and solicitor of the
High Court in Malaya.
Revocation of appointment
16F.  The Minister may revoke the appointment of a member of
the Tribunal appointed under paragraph 16C(1)(b)--
(a) if his conduct, whether in connection with his duties as
a member of the Tribunal or otherwise, has been such as
to bring discredit to the Tribunal;
(b) if he has become incapable of properly carrying out his
duties as a member of the Tribunal;
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(c) if there has been proved against him, or he has been
convicted on, a charge in respect of--
(i) an offence involving fraud, dishonesty or moral
turpitude;
(ii) an offence under a law relating to corruption;
(iii) an offence under this Act; or
(iv) any other offence punishable with imprisonment
for more than two years;
(d) if he is adjudicated a bankrupt;
(e) if he has been found or declared to be of unsound mind
or has otherwise become incapable of managing his affairs;
or
(f) if he absents himself from three consecutive sittings of
the Tribunal without leave of the Chairman.
Resignation
16G.  A member of the Tribunal appointed under paragraph 16C(1)(b)
may at any time resign his office by giving three months' written
notice to the Minister.
Filling of vacancy
16H.  Where a member ceases to be a member of the Tribunal,
the Minister may appoint another person to fill the vacancy.
Remuneration
16I. (1) The members of the Tribunal appointed under paragraph
16C(1)(a) shall be paid such fixed allowances and other allowances
as the Minister may determine.
(2) The members of the Tribunal appointed under paragraph
16C(1)(b) shall be paid--
(a) a daily sitting allowance during the sitting of the Tribunal;
and
(b) such lodging, travelling and subsistence allowances,
Housing Development (Control and Licensing)
37
as the Minister may determine.
(3) The remuneration provided for in subsections (1) and (2)
shall be charged on the Consolidated Fund.
Secretary to Tribunal and other officers
16J. (1) There shall be appointed a Secretary to the Tribunal and
such number of officers as may be necessary for carrying out the
functions of the Tribunal.
(2) The Chairman shall have general control of the officers of
the Tribunal.
(3) For the purposes of this Act, the Secretary to the Tribunal
shall be deemed to be an officer of the Tribunal.
Sittings of Tribunal
16K. (1) The jurisdiction of the Tribunal shall be exercised by
any of the following persons sitting alone:
(a) the Chairman of the Tribunal;
(b) the Deputy Chairman of the Tribunal; or
(c) any member of the Tribunal determined by the Chairman.
(2) The Tribunal may sit in one or more sittings on such day
and at such time and place as the Chairman may determine.
(3) If the person presiding over any proceedings in respect of
a claim dies or becomes incapacitated, or is for any other reason
unable to complete or dispose of the proceedings, the claim shall
be heard afresh by another member of the Tribunal, unless the
parties agree that the claim be continued by another member of
the Tribunal.
(4) Where the term of appointment of any member of the Tribunal
under this section expires during the pendency of any proceedings
in respect of a claim, the term of his appointment shall be deemed
to be extended until the final disposal of the claim.
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Commencement of proceedings
16L.  A homebuyer may lodge with the Tribunal a claim in the
prescribed form together with the prescribed fee claiming for any
loss suffered or any matter concerning his interests as a homebuyer
under this Act.
Jurisdiction of Tribunal
16M. (1) Subject to sections 16N and 16O, the Tribunal shall have
jurisdiction to determine a claim lodged under section 16L where
the total amount in respect of which an award of the Tribunal is
sought does not exceed twenty-five thousand ringgit.
(2) Subject to subsection (1), a respondent to a claim may raise
a debt or liquidated demand as--
(a) a defence; or
(b) a counterclaim.
(3) Where a respondent raises a debt or liquidated demand
under subsection (2) and the debt or demand is proved the Tribunal
shall--
(a) give effect to the defence; or
(b) hear and determine the counterclaim notwithstanding that
the original claim is withdrawn, abandoned or struck out.
(4) Any claim lodged with the Tribunal may include loss or
damage of a consequential nature.
Limitation of jurisdiction
16N. (1) Except as expressly provided under this Act, the Tribunal
shall have no jurisdiction in respect of any claim--
(a) for the recovery of land, or any estate or interest in land;
and
(b) in which there is a dispute concerning--
(i) the entitlement of any person under a will or
s e t t l e m e n t , or on intestacy (including partial
intestacy);
Housing Development (Control and Licensing)
39
(ii) goodwill;
(iii) any chose in action; or
(iv) any trade secret or other intellectual property right.
(2) The jurisdiction of the Tribunal shall be limited to a claim
that is based on a cause of action arising from the sale and purchase
agreement entered into between the homebuyer and the licensed
housing developer which is brought by a homebuyer not later than
twelve months from the date of issuance of the certificate of
fitness for occupation for the housing accommodation or the expiry
date of the defects liability period as set out in the sale and purchase
agreement.
(3) Notwithstanding subsection (2) no claim shall be affected
or defeated on the ground that no sale an purchase agreement has
been entered into between the homebuyer and the licensed housing
developer at the time when the cause of action accrues if there
exists a previous dealing between the homebuyer and the licensed
housing developer in respect of the acquisition of the housing
accommodation.
(4) Nothing in this section shall be deemed to authorize the
Tribunal to deal with a claim arising from personal injury or death.
(5) For the purposes of subsection (1), "land" does not include
fixtures.
Extension of jurisdiction by agreement
16O. (1) Notwithstanding that the amount or value of the subject
matter claimed or in issue exceeds twenty-five thousand ringgit,
the Tribunal shall have jurisdiction to hear and determine the
claim if the parties have entered into an agreement in writing that
the Tribunal shall have jurisdiction to hear and determine the
claim.
(2) An agreement may be made under subsection (1)--
(a) before a claim is lodged under section 16L; or
(b) where a claim has been lodged under section 16L, at any
time before the Tribunal has recorded an agreed settlement
in respect of the claim under subsection 16T(3) or has
determined the claim under section 16Y, as the case may
be.
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ACT 118
Abandonment to bring claim within jurisdiction
16P. (1) A claimant may abandon so much of a claim as exceeds
twenty-five thousand ringgit in order to bring the claim within the
jurisdiction of the Tribunal.
(2) Where a part of a claim has been abandoned under subsection
(1), the Tribunal's record of an agreed settlement under subsection
16T(3) or the Tribunal's award under section 16Y, as the case may
be, in relation to the claim shall operate to discharge the person--
(a) who is a party to that agreed settlement; or
(b) against whom the claim is brought and the subsequent
award is made,
from liability in respect of the amount so abandoned.
Cause of action not to be split
16Q.  Claims may not be split, nor more than one claim brought,
in respect of the same matter against the same party for the purpose
of bringing it within the jurisdiction of the Tribunal.
Exclusion of jurisdiction of court
16R. (1) Where a claim is lodged with the Tribunal and the claim
is within the Tribunal's jurisdiction, the issues in dispute in that
claim, whether as shown in the initial claim or as emerging in the
course of the hearing, shall not be the subject of proceedings
between the same parties in any court unless--
(a) the proceedings before the court were commenced before
the claim was lodged with the Tribunal; or
(b) the claim before the Tribunal is withdrawn, abandoned
or struck out.
(2) Where paragraph (1)(a) applies, the issues in dispute in the
claim to which those proceedings relate, whether as shown in the
initial claim or emerging in the course of the hearing, shall not be
the subject of proceedings between the same parties before the
Tribunal unless the claim before the court is withdrawn, abandoned
or struck out.
Housing Development (Control and Licensing)
41
Notice of claim and hearing
16S.  Upon a claim being lodged under section 16L, the Secretary
to the Tribunal shall give notice of the details of the day, time and
place of hearing in the prescribed form to the claimant and the
respondent.
Negotiation for settlement
16T. (1) The Tribunal shall, as regards every claim within its
jurisdiction, assess whether, in all the circumstances, it is appropriate
for the Tribunal to assist the parties to negotiate an agreed settlement
in relation to the claim.
(2) Without limiting the generality of subsection (1), in making
an assessment the Tribunal shall have regard to any factors that,
in the opinion of the Tribunal, are likely to impair the ability of
either or both of the parties to negotiate an agreed settlement.
(3) Where the parties reach an agreed settlement, the Tribunal
shall approve and record the settlement and the settlement shall
then take effect as if it were an award of the Tribunal.
(4) Where--
(a) it appears to the Tribunal that it would not be appropriate
for it to assist the parties to negotiate an agreed settlement
in relation to the claim; or
(b) the parties are unable to reach an agreed settlement in
relation to the claim,
the Tribunal shall proceed to determine the dispute.
Right to appear at hearings
16U. (1) At the hearing of a claim every party shall be entitled
to attend and be heard.
(2) No party shall be represented by an advocate and solicitor
at a hearing unless in the opinion of the Tribunal the matter in
question involves complex issues of law and one party will suffer
severe financial hardship if he is not represented by an advocate
and solicitor; but if one party is subsequently allowed to be represented
by an advocate and solicitor then the other party shall also be so
entitled.
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ACT 118
(3) Subject to subsection (2) but notwithstanding section 37 of
the Legal Profession Act 1976 [Act 166]--
(a) a corporation or an unincorporated body of persons may
be represented by a full-time paid employee of the
corporation or body;
(b) a minor or any other person under a disability may be
represented by his next friend or guardian ad litem.
(4) Where a party is represented as permitted under subsection
(3), the Tribunal may impose such conditions as it considers necessary
to ensure that the other party to the proceedings is not substantially
disadvantaged.
Proceedings to be public
16v.  All proceedings before the Tribunal shall be open to the
public.
Evidence
16W. (1) The Tribunal may--
(a) procure and receive all such evidence on oath or affirmation,
whether written or oral, and examine all such persons as
witnesses, as the Tribunal thinks necessary to procure,
receive or examine;
(b) require the production before it of books, papers, documents,
records and things;
(c) administer such oath, affirmation or statutory declaration
as the case may require;
(d) seek and receive such other evidence and make such
other inquiries as it thinks fit;
(e) summon the parties to the proceedings or any other person
to attend before it to give evidence or to produce any
document, records or other thing in his possession or
otherwise to assist the Tribunal in its deliberations;
(f) receive expert evidence; and
(g) generally direct and do all such things as may be necessary
or expedient for the expeditious determination of the
claim.
Housing Development (Control and Licensing)
43
(2) A summons issued under this section shall be served and
enforced as if it were a summons issued by a subordinate court.
Tribunal may act in absence of party
16X.  The Tribunal may hear and determine the claim before it
notwithstanding the absence of any party to the proceedings if it
is proved to the satisfaction of the Tribunal that a notice of the
hearing has been duly served on the absent party.
Awards of the Tribunal
16Y. (1) The Tribunal shall make its award without delay and,
where practicable, within sixty days from the first day the hearing
before the Tribunal commences.
(2) An award of the Tribunal under subsection (1) may require
one or more of the following:
(a) that a party to the proceedings pay money to any other
party;
(b) that the price or other consideration paid by the homebuyer
or any other person be refunded to the homebuyer or that
person;
(c) that a party comply with the sale and purchase agreement;
(d) that money be awarded to compensate for any loss or
damage suffered by the claimant;
(e) that the contract be varied or set aside, wholly or in part;
(f) that costs to or against any party be paid;
(g) that interest be paid on any sum or monetary award at
a rate not exceeding eight per centum per annum, unless
it has been otherwise agreed between the parties;
(h) that the claim is dismissed.
(3) Nothing in paragraph (2)(d) or (f) shall be deemed to empower
the Tribunal to award any damages for any non-pecuniary loss or
damage.
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ACT 118
Reference to a Judge of the High Court on a question of law
16Z. (1) Before the Tribunal makes an award under section 16Y,
it may, in its discretion, refer to a Judge of the High Court a
question of law--
(a) which arose in the course of the proceedings;
(b) which, in the opinion of the Tribunal, is of sufficient
importance to merit such reference; and
(c) the determination of which by the Tribunal raises, in the
opinion of the Tribunal, sufficient doubt to merit such
reference.
(2) If the Tribunal refers any question of law under subsection
(1) for the decision of a Judge of the High Court, it shall make
its award in conformity with such decision.
(3) A Federal Counsel authorized by the Attorney General for
the purpose may appear on behalf of the Tribunal in any proceedings
before a Judge of the High Court under this section.
Reasons for decision
16AA.  The Tribunal shall in all proceedings give its reasons for
its award in the proceedings.
Orders and settlement to be recorded in writing
16AB.  The Tribunal shall make or cause to be made a written
record of the terms of--
(a) every agreed settlement reached by the parties under
subsection 16T(3); and
(b) every award made by it under section 16Y.
Decisions of Tribunal to be final
16AC. (1) Every agreed settlement recorded by the Tribunal under
subsection 16T(3) and every award made by the Tribunal under
section 16Y--
(a) shall be final and binding on all parties to the proceedings;
and
(b) shall be deemed to be an order of a Magistrate's Court
and be enforced accordingly by any party to the proceedings;
Housing Development (Control and Licensing)
45
(2) For the purpose of paragraph (1)(b), the Secretary to the
Tribunal shall send a copy of the award made by the Tribunal to
the Magistrate's Court having jurisdiction in the place to which
the award relates or in the place where the award was made and
the Court shall cause the copy to be recorded.
Criminal penalty for failure to comply
16AD. (1) Any person who fails to comply with an award made
by the Tribunal within the period specified therein commits an
offence and shall on conviction be liable to a fine not exceeding
five thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding
two years or to both.
(2) In the case of a continuing offence, the offender shall, in
addition to the penalties under subsection (1), be liable to a fine
not exceeding one thousand ringgit for each day or part of a day
during which the offence continues after conviction.
Procedure where no provision is made
16AE.  Subject to this Act and to any regulations, the Tribunal
shall adopt such procedure as it thinks fit and proper.
Want of form
16AF.  No proceedings of the Tribunal or award or other document
of the Tribunal shall be set aside or quashed for want of form.
Disposal of documents, etc.
16AG. (1) The Tribunal may, at the conclusion of the proceedings
before it, order that any document, record, material or other property
produced during the proceedings be delivered to the rightful owner
or be disposed of in such manner as it thinks fit.
(2) Where no person has taken delivery of the document, record,
material or other property referred to in subsection (1) after a
period of six months, the ownership in the document, record,
material or other property shall be deemed to have passed to and
become vested in the Government.
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Act or omission done in good faith
16AH.  No action or suit shall be instituted or maintained in any
court against--
(a) the Tribunal;
(b) a member of the Tribunal; or
(c) a person authorized to act for or on behalf of the Tribunal,
for any act or omission done in good faith in the performance of
its or his functions and the exercise of its or his powers under this
Act.
Regulations in respect of the Tribunal
16AI. (1) The Minister may make such regulations as may be
necessary or expedient in respect of the Tribunal.
( 2 ) W i t h o u t prejudice to the generality of subsection (1),
regulations may be made for--
(a) prescribing the responsibilities of members of the Tribunal;
(b) prescribing the procedure of the Tribunal;
(c) prescribing the forms to be used in proceedings under
this Part;
(d) prescribing and imposing fees and providing for the manner
for collecting and disbursing such fees;
(e) prescribing anything required to be prescribed under this
Part.
PART VII
MISCELLANEOUS
Indemnity and protection against suit and proceedings
17.  No action shall lie against the Government, the Minister, the
Controller, Inspector or against any officer of the Government or
any person acting under the direction of the Minister, the Controller
or Inspector for damages in any civil court for anything bona fide
done, ordered or omitted to be done pursuant to this Act; and all
Housing Development (Control and Licensing)
47
actions which may lawfully be brought in respect of anything
done, ordered or omitted to be done pursuant to this Act shall be
instituted within six months from the date of the act or omission
complained of, and not afterwards.
Offences relating to a licence under section 5
Any housing developer who--
18.
(a) in contravention of subsection 5(1) engages in, carries
out, or undertakes housing development without having
been duly licensed under that section;
(b) in contravention of subsection 5(2) assumes or uses in
relation to his business or any part of his business the
words "housing developer" or any of the derivatives or
any other word indicating the carrying on of the business
of housing development; or
(c) fails to comply with any of the conditions imposed on
the licence granted under section 5,
shall be guilty of an offence and shall, on conviction, be liable to
a fine which shall not be less than fifty thousand ringgit but which
shall not exceed five hundred thousand ringgit or to imprisonment
for a term not exceeding five years or to both.
Offences by a housing developer
Any housing developer who--
19.
(a) in contravention of any of the provisions of section 7
fails to perform any of the duties imposed by that section;
(aa) enters into an arrangement or agreement in contravention
of section 8 or fails to comply with any condition imposed
pursuant to subsection (2) of that section;
(b) (Deleted by Act A1142);
(c) after the Minister has, pursuant to paragraph 11(1)(c),
directed a company to assume control of and carry on the
business of the housing developer, in contravention of
subsection 11(3) fails to submit his business to the control
of that company or fails to provide the company with
such facilities as the Controller may consider necessary
for the purpose of carrying on the business of the licensed
housing developer;
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ACT 118
(cc) fails to comply with any direction given by the Minister
under paragraph 11(1)(a), (b), (d) or (e); or
(d) in contravention of section 12, fails to comply with any
direction given by the Minister under that section,
shall be guilty of an offence and shall, on conviction, be liable to
a fine not exceeding fifty thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for
a term not exceeding three years or to both and shall also be liable
to a further fine not exceeding five hundred ringgit for every day
during which the offence is continued after the conviction.
Offences by a director of or a person connected with the
business of a licensed housing developer in certain cases
Any person who--
20.
(a) in contravention of subsection 15(1) continues to act as
or hold office of a director, manager or secretary of a
licensed housing developer or any similar office or position
i n the employ of the licensed housing developer
notwithstanding that he has become bankrupt or suspended
payment to or compounded with his creditors or is convicted
of an offence involving fraud or dishonesty; or
(b) in contravention of subsection 15(2) acts as or holds or
continues to act as or hold office of a director or is
directly concerned in the management of the business of
any licensed housing developer without the approval in
writing of the Minister after the business of that licensed
housing developer has been wound up by a court,
shall be guilty of an offence and shall, on conviction, be liable to
imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than twelve months
but which shall not exceed three years and shall also be liable to
a fine not exceeding fifty thousand ringgit.
Penalty for offences not otherwise provided for
21.  Any housing developer guilty of an offence against this Act
for which no penalty is expressly provided shall, on conviction,
be liable to a fine not exceeding fifty thousand ringgit or to
imprisonment for a term not exceeding three years or to both.
Housing Development (Control and Licensing)
49
Liability of director, manager and other officials for offences
committed by companies and liability of a person for acts done
by others
22. (1) Where any offence against any provision of this Act has
been committed by a housing developer, any person who at the
time of the omission of the offence was a director, manager or
secretary or holds any similar office or position or was an agent,
clerk or servant of the housing developer shall be deemed to be
guilty of that offence, unless he proves that the offence was committed
without his consent or connivance and that he exercised all such
diligence to prevent the commission of the offence as he ought to
have exercised, having regard to the nature of his functions in that
capacity and to all the circumstances and shall, on conviction, be
liable to imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than
twelve months but which shall not exceed three years and shall
also be liable to a fine not exceeding fifty thousand ringgit.
(2) Any person liable under this Act to any punishment or
penalty for any act or omission shall be liable to the same punishment
or penalty for any such act or omission by--
(a) his partner;
(b) his agent acting on his behalf;
(c) his clerk or servant acting in the course of his employment;
or
(d) the clerk or servant of his partner or agent acting in the
course of employment in circumstances that had the act
or omission been committed by the partner or agent the
aforesaid person would have been liable under this
subsection:
Provided that nothing herein shall relieve the partner, agent,
clerk or servant or the clerk or servant of that partner or agent from
liability to prosecution.
Public servants and public officers
22A. The Controller, every Deputy Controller, every Inspector and
all members and officers of the Tribunal shall be deemed to be
public servants for the purposes of the Penal Code [Act 574], and
to be public officers for the purposes of the Criminal Procedure
Code or any other written law which the Minister may from time
to time prescribe.
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ACT 118
Application of Public Authorities Protection Act 1948
22B.  The Public Authorities Protection Act 1948 [Act 198] shall
apply to any action, suit, prosecution or proceedings against the
Minister, Controller, any Deputy Controller, any Inspector, the
Tribunal or any member or officer of the Tribunal in respect of
any act, neglect or default done or committed by him in such
capacity.
Right to initiate and maintain actions
22C.  Notwithstanding anything contained in any written law or
any rule of law, a homebuyer as defined in section 16A shall be
entitled on his own volition and in his own name to initiate,
commence, institute and maintain in any court or tribunal any
action, suit or proceeding against a housing developer or any other
person in respect of any matter arising out of the sale and purchase
agreement entered into between the purchaser and that housing
d e v e l o p e r unless a contrary intention is expressed in any
agreement, assignment or charge between the homebuyer and his
financier in which case the prior written consent of his financier
must first be obtained before he exercises any of his rights under
this section.
Prosecution
23.  No prosecution for any offence under this Act shall be instituted
save by or under the direction of or with the consent of the Public
Prosecutor.
Power to compound
23A. (1) The Controller may compound any offence against this
Act or any regulations made under this Act which has been prescribed
under paragraph 24(2)(i) to be a compoundable offence by collecting
from the person reasonably suspected of having committed the
offence a sum of money not exceeding the maximum fine prescribed
for that offence.
Housing Development (Control and Licensing)
51
(2) Where an offence has been compounded under subsection
(1), no prosecution shall thereafter be instituted in respect of the
compounded offence.
(3) Any moneys paid to the Controller under this section shall
be paid into and form part of the Consolidated Fund.
Powers to make regulations
24. (1) Subject to this section, the Minister may make regulations
for the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of this Act.
(2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the
foregoing power, the regulations may--
(a) regulate the advertisements of a licensed housing developer;
(b) regulate the use of names of housing estates developed
by a licensed housing developer;
(c) prescribe the form of contracts which shall be used by
a licensed housing developer, his agent, nominee or
purchaser both as a condition of the grant of a licence
under this Act or otherwise;
(d) regulate payments (under whatever name these may be
described) which may be made by a purchaser either
before, during or after the construction of the house, flat
or other accommodation for which that purchaser is required
to make the payments, including the amount of the
payments, the time when the payments become due and
conditions that shall be fulfilled by a licensed housing
developer before he may ask for the payments;
(e) regulate and prohibit the conditions and terms of any
contract between a licensed housing developer, his agent
or nominee and his purchaser;
(f) prescribe the fees which are payable under this Act;
(g) prescribe that any act or omission in contravention of any
of the regulations shall be an offence and provide for the
penalties therefor either by way of fine or imprisonment
or both: provided that any fine so provided shall not
exceed five thousand ringgit and a term of imprisonment
so provided shall not exceed three years, and in addition
thereto may also provide for the cancellation and suspension
of a licence issued under this Act;
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Laws of Malaysia
ACT 118
(h) prescribe the moneys which shall be paid into or withdrawn
from the Housing Development Account and the conditions
for such withdrawals;
(i) prescribe offences which may be compounded and the
forms to be used in and the method and the procedure
for compounding such offences; and
(j) provide for any matter which under this Act is required
or permitted to be prescribed or which is necessary or
expedient to be prescribed to give effect to this Act.
(3) A copy of all regulations made under this section shall be
published in the Gazette and laid before each House of Parliament
as soon as possible after they have been made.
SCHEDULE
[Subsection 5(3)]
(1)
(2)
(3)
Applicant
Documents to be
By whom document
submitted
to be verified
Person
1. A copy of the latest audited
That person himself
balance-sheet, if any, relating
to all housing developments
undertaken by that person
Body of
1. A copy of an agreement
Any of the persons
persons
between or amongst persons
forming that body
forming that body
2. A copy of the latest audited
balance-sheet, if any, relating
to all housing developments
undertaken by that body of
persons
.
Company
1. A copy of memorandum of
A director, managing
association
director, general
manager, secretary
2. A copy of articles of association
or any senior officer
of the company
3. A copy of the latest audited
balance-sheet
Housing Development (Control and Licensing)
53
(1)
(2)
(3)
Applicant
Documents to be
By whom document
submitted
to be verified
Firm
1. A copy of the partnership
A partner
agreement
2. A copy of the latest audited
balance-sheet
Society
1. A copy of the rules or
President or secretary
by-laws of the society
2. A copy of the latest audited
balance-sheet
54
Laws of Malaysia
ACT 118
LAWS OF MALAYSIA
Act 118
HOUSING DEVELOPMENT (CONTROL AND
LICENSING) ACT 1966
LIST OF AMENDMENTS
Amending law
Short title
In force from
Ord. 41/1970
Emergency (Essential Powers)
23-07-1970
(P.U. (A) 259/70)
Ordinance No. 41, 1970
Act A116
Housing Developers (Control
04-04-1972
and Licensing) (Amendment)
Act 1972
Act 160
Malaysian Currency (Ringgit)
29-08-1975
Act 1975
Act A402
Housing Developers (Control
10-06-1977
and Licensing) (Amendment)
Act 1977
Act A703
Housing Developers (Control
01-12-1988
1988 and Licensing) (Amendment)
Act
Act A996
Interpretation (Amendment)
24-07-1997
Act 1997
Act A1142
Housing Development (Control
01-12-2002
and Licensing) (Amendment)
Act 2002
Housing Development (Control and Licensing)
55
LAWS OF MALAYSIA
Act 118
HOUSING DEVELOPMENT (CONTROL AND
LICENSING) ACT 1966
LIST OF SECTIONS AMENDED
Section
Amending authority
In force from
Long title
Act A996
24-07-1997
Part I
Act A1142
01-12-2002
1
Act A996
24-07-1997
Act A1142
01-12-2002
2
P.U. (A) 259/1970
23-07-1970
Act A116
04-04-1972
Act A1142
01-12-2002
3
P.U. (A) 259/1970
23-07-1970
Act A116
04-04-1972
Act A703
01-12-1988
Act A1142
01-12-2002
4
Act A1142
01-12-2002
Part II
Act A1142
01-12-2002
5
Act A703
01-12-1988
Act A1142
01-12-2002
6
P.U. (A) 259/1970
23-07-1970
Act A116
04-04-1972
Act 160
29-08-1975
Act A1142
01-12-2002
6A
Act A1142
01-12-2002
6B
Act A996
24-07-1997
Act A1142
01-12-2002
Part III
Act A1142
01-12-2002
7
Act A996
24-07-1997
Act A1142
01-12-2002
7A
Act A703
01-12-1988
Act A1142
01-12-2002
7B
Act A1142
01-12-2002
8
Act A1142
01-12-2002
8A
Act A1142
01-12-2002
56
Laws of Malaysia
ACT 118
Section
Amending authority
In force from
9
P.U. (A) 259/1970
23-07-1970
Act A116
04-04-1972
Part IV
Act A1142
01-12-2002
10
Act A703
01-12-1988
Act A1142
01-12-2002
10A-10J
Act A1142
01-12-2002
Part V
Act A1142
01-12-2002
11
Act A1142
01-12-2002
13
Act A996
27-07-1997
13A-13B
Act A1142
01-12-2002
16
P.U. (A) 259/1970
23-07-1970
Act A116
04-04-1972
16A-16Z
Act A1142
01-12-2002
16AA-16AI
Act A1142
01-12-2002
Part VII
Act A1142
01-12-2002
18
Act A703
01-12-1988
Act A1142
01-12-2002
19
Act A402
10-06-1977
Act A703
01-12-1988
Act A1142
01-12-2002
20
Act A1142
01-12-2002
21
Act A703
01-12-1988
Act A1142
01-12-2002
22
Act 160
29-08-1975
Act A1142
01-12-2002
22A-22C
Act A1142
01-12-2002
23
Act A703
01-12-1988
23A
Act A1142
01-12-2002
24
Act A703
01-12-1988
Act A1142
01-12-2002
DICETAK OLEH
PERCETAKAN NASIONAL MALAYSIA BERHAD,
KUALA LUMPUR
BAGI PIHAK DAN DENGAN PERINTAH KERAJAAN MALAYSIA