Married Women and Children (Maintenance)
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LAWS OF MALAYSIA
REPRINT
Act 263
MARRIED WOMEN AND
CHILDREN (MAINTENANCE)
ACT 1950
Incorporating all amendments up to 1 January 2006
PUBLISHED BY
THE COMMISSIONER OF LAW REVISION, MALAYSIA
UNDER THE AUTHORITY OF THE REVISION OF LAWS ACT 1968
IN COLLABORATION WITH
PERCETAKAN NASIONAL MALAYSIA BHD
2006
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MARRIED WOMEN AND CHILDREN
(MAINTENANCE) ACT 1950
First enacted
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1950 (F.M. Ordinance
No. 36 of 1950)
Revised
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1981 (Act 263 w.e.f
11 February 1982)
PREVIOUS REPRINT
First Reprint
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...
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2001
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LAWS OF MALAYSIA
Act 263
MARRIED WOMEN AND CHILDREN
(MAINTENANCE) ACT 1950
ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS
Section
1.
Short title
2.
Interpretation
3.
Court may make order for maintenance of wife and children
4.
Levy of amount
5.
Wife living separate from husband
6.
Rescission and variation of order
7.
Application of Act to orders made under previous Enactments
8.
Power of court to refuse order when High Court proceeding more
convenient
9.
Jurisdiction of High Court
10.
Procedure
11.
Enforceable by any court
12.
Repeal and saving
13.
Exempt cases between persons professing the religion of Islam
SCHEDULE
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ACT 263
Laws of Malaysia
Married Women and Children (Maintenance)
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LAWS OF MALAYSIA
Act 263
MARRIED WOMEN AND CHILDREN
(MAINTENANCE) ACT 1950
An Act to provide for the maintenance of wives and children.
[Peninsular Malaysia--4 July 1950;
Sarawak--24 July 1992, P.U. (A) 271/1992;
Federal Territory of Labuan--24 July 1992,
P.U. (A) 274/1992]
Short title
1. (1) This Act may be cited as the Married Women and Children
(Maintenance) Act 1950.
*(2) This Act shall apply to Peninsular Malaysia only.
Interpretation
2. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires--
"Court" means a Sessions Court or a Court of a First Class
Magistrate;
"Peninsular Malaysia" has the meaning assigned thereto in section
3 of the Interpretation Acts 1948 and 1967 [Act 388], and includes
the Federal Territory.
*NOTE--This Act is extended to Sarawak and Federal Territory of Labuan effective from 24 July
1992see P.U. (A) 271/1992 and P.U. (A) 274/1992.
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ACT 263
Laws of Malaysia
Court may make order for maintenance of wife and children
3. (1) If any person neglects or refuses to maintain his wife or
a legitimate child of his which is unable to maintain itself, a court,
upon due proof thereof, may order such person to make a monthly
allowance for the maintenance of his wife or such child, in proportion
to the means of such person, as to the court seems reasonable.
(2) If any person neglects or refuses to maintain an illegitimate
child of his which is unable to maintain itself, a court, upon due
proof thereof, may order such person to make such monthly allowance,
as to the court seems reasonable.
(3) Such allowance shall be payable from the date of such
neglect or refusal or from such later date as may be specified in
the order.
Levy of amount
4.  If any person wilfully neglects to comply with any order made
under this Act, the court, which made such order may, for every
breach thereof, by warrant, direct the amount due to be levied in
the manner by law provided for levying fines imposed by such
court, or may sentence him to imprisonment for a term which may
extend to one month for each month's allowance remaining unpaid.
Wife living separate from husband
5. (1) If any person, against whom an order has been applied for
or made for the maintenance of his wife, offers to maintain his
wife on condition of her living with him, and his wife refuses to
do so, the court shall consider any grounds of refusal stated by
s u c h wife, and may make or enforce the order aforesaid,
notwithstanding such offer, if it is satisfied that such person is
living in adultery or for any other reason it is just so to do.
Cases in which wife not entitled to allowance
(2) No wife shall be entitled to receive an allowance from her
husband under this Act if she is living in adultery, or if, without
any sufficient reason, she refuses to live with her husband.
Married Women and Children (Maintenance)
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Rescission and variation of order
6. (1) On the application of any person receiving or ordered to
pay a monthly allowance under this Act, and on proof of a change
in the circumstances of such person, his wife or child, or for other
good cause being shown to the satisfaction of the court, the court
by which such order was made, may rescind the order or may vary
it as to it seems reasonable.
(2) Without prejudice to the extent of the discretion conferred
upon the court by subsection (1), the court may, in considering any
application made under this section, take into consideration any
change in the general cost of living which may have occurred
between the date of the making of the order sought to be varied
and the date of the hearing of the application.
Application of Act to orders made under previous Enactments
7. (1) All orders, made by a court under any of the Enactments
set out in the Schedule hereto, and in force at the commencement
of this Act, shall be deemed to have been made by such court
under this Act, and this Act shall apply to the same accordingly.
(2) Upon an application to vary any order referred to in subsection
(1), made in respect of the maintenance of an illegitimate child,
the court may make, under section 6, any order which it could have
made upon an application under subsection 3(2).
Power of court to refuse order when High Court proceeding
more convenient
8.  If in the opinion of the court the matters in question between
the parties or any of them could be more conveniently dealt with
by the High Court, the court may refuse to make an order and in
such case there shall be no appeal from its decision:
Provided always that the High Court or a Judge thereof shall
have power, by order in any proceeding in the High Court relating
to or comprising the same subject matter as the application refused
as aforesaid or any part thereof, to direct the court or rehear or
determine the same.
Jurisdiction of High Court
9. The High Court shall have the jurisdiction and powers which
belong to and are exercisable by any court under this Act.
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ACT 263
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Procedure
10. All applications to a court under this Act shall be made and
heard substantially in the same manner and in accordance with the
same procedure as applications under any of the Enactments set
out in the Schedule hereto were made and heard by such court
immediately before the commencement of this Act.
Enforceable by any court
11.  A copy of the order of maintenance shall be given to the
person for whose maintenance it is made, or to the guardian of
such person, and payment shall be enforced by any court within
whose local limits of jurisdiction the person to whom the order is
addressed may be found, on production of the copy of the order,
and on the court being satisfied as to the identity of the parties
and the non-payment of the sum claimed.
Repeal and saving
12.  The Ordinance and Enactments set out in the Schedule hereto
are hereby repealed to the extent specified in the third column of
the said Schedule.
Exempt cases between persons professing the religion of Islam
*13. This Act shall not apply to any person professing the religion
of Islam and whose wife or whose legitimate or illegitimate child,
as the case may be, professes the religion of Islam, if under the
law in force in such State there is provision for the making of
*NOTE--Each of the States of Peninsular Malaysia has enacted that this Act shall not apply in
the case of any claim for maintenance made by a Muslim against a Muslim, vide--
Johore--Subsection 132(1) Joh. En. 14/1978.
Kedah--Subsection 133(1) Kd. En. 9/1962.
Kelantan--Subsection 82(1) Kel. En. 1/1966.
Malacca--Subsection 131(1) Mal. En. 1/1959.
Negeri Sembilan--Subsection 132(1) N.S. En. 15/1960.
Pahang--Subsection 137(1) Phg. En. 5/1956.
Penang--Subsection 133(1) Pg. En. 3/1959.
Perak--Subsection 137(1) Pk. En. 11/1965.
Perlis--Subsection 103(2) Ps. En. 3/1964.
Selangor--Subsection 138(1) Sel. En. 3/1952.
Terengganu--Subsection 116(1) Tr. En. 4/1955.
Federal Territory--Subsection 138(1) Sel. En. 3/1952 (P.U. (A) 44/1974).
Married Women and Children (Maintenance)
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orders for the maintenance of wives and of children, legitimate and
illegitimate, and for the enforcement of such orders against such
persons professing the religion of Islam.
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ACT 263
Laws of Malaysia
SCHEDULE
[Section 12]
ORDINANCE AND ENACTMENTS REPEALED
(1)
(2)
(3)
No
Short title
Extent of repeal
Kedah Enactment
Enactment No. 61 (Maintenance
The whole
No. 61
of Wives and Children)
Johore Enactment
The Maintenance of Wives
The whole
No. 79
Enactment
F.M.S. Cap. 6
The Criminal Procedure Code
Sections 360, 361,
362, 363 and 364
S.S. Cap. 24
The Main Offences Ordinance
Section 37
Married Women and Children (Maintenance)
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LAWS OF MALAYSIA
Act 263
MARRIED WOMEN AND CHILDREN
(MAINTENANCE) ACT 1950
LIST OF AMENDMENTS
Amending law
Short title
In force from
Act 164
Law Reform (Marriage and
01-03-1982
Divorce) Act 1976
P.U. (A) 271/1992
Modification of Laws (Married
24-07-1992
Women and Children (Maintenance)
Act) (Extension to the State of
Sarawak) Order 1992
P.U. (A) 274/1992
Modification of Laws (Married
24-07-1992
Women and Children (Maintenance)
Act) (Extension to the Federal
Territory of Labuan) Order 1992
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ACT 263
Laws of Malaysia
LAWS OF MALAYSIA
Act 263
MARRIED WOMEN AND CHILDREN
(MAINTENANCE) ACT 1950
LIST OF SECTIONS AMENDED
Section
Amending authority
In force from
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Act 164
01-03-1982
DICETAK OLEH
PERCETAKAN NASIONAL MALAYSIA BERHAD,
KUALA LUMPUR
BAGI PIHAK DAN DENGAN PERINTAH KERAJAAN MALAYSIA