Moneylenders
1
LAWS OF MALAYSIA
REPRINT
Act 400
MONEYLENDERS ACT 1951
Incorporating all amendments up to 1 January 2006
PUBLISHED BY
THE COMMISSIONER OF LAW REVISION, MALAYSIA
UNDER THE AUTHORITY OF THE REVISION OF LAWS ACT 1968
IN COLLABORATION WITH
PERCETAKAN NASIONAL MALAYSIA BHD
2006
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MONEYLENDERS ACT 1951
First enacted ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
1951 (Ord. No. 42 of
1951)
Revised
.....................
1989 (Act 400 w.e.f
14 December 1989)
PREVIOUS REPRINT
First Reprint
...
...
...
...
...
2001
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LAWS OF MALAYSIA
Act 400
MONEYLENDERS ACT 1951
ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS
PART I
PRELIMINARY
Section
1.
Short title and application
2.
Interpretation
2A. Non-application of Act and exemption therefrom
3.
(Deleted)
4.
Appointment of Registrar, Deputy Registrar, Inspector, and other officers
and servants
4A. Delegation of powers of Registrar
PART II
LICENSING OF MONEYLENDERS
5.
Licence to be taken out by moneylender
5A. Application for licence
5B. Grant of a licence
5C. Duration of licence
5D. Conditions attached to licence
5E. Renewal of licence
5F. Requirement to display licence
6.
Particulars to be shown on licences
7.
(Deleted)
8.
Offences
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Section
9.
Circumstances under which licence shall not be issued
9A. Revocation or suspension of licence
9B. Opportunity of being heard
9C. Appeal to Minister
9D. Validity of licence extended in successful appeal
9E. Prohibition of subsequent application pending appeal on earlier application
9F. Surrender of licence
9G. Transfer or assignment of licence prohibited
10.
(Deleted)
PART III
INVESTIGATION, SEARCH, SEIZURE AND ARREST
10A. Powers of Inspector or police officer in investigation
10B. Power to investigate complaints and inquire into information
10C. Power to examine persons
10D. Search by warrant
10E. Power of arrest
10F. Search without warrant
10G. Seizure of movable property
10H. Further provisions relating to seizure of movable property
10I. Obstruction of inspection and search
10J. Authority to act
10K. Release of property seized
PART IV
EVIDENCE
10L. Evidence of accomplice and agent provocateur
10M. Protection of informers and information
10N. Admissibility of statements by accused persons
10O. Provisions as to evidence
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PART V
CONDUCT OF MONEYLENDING BUSINESS
Section
10P. Moneylender and borrower must enter into a moneylending agreement
11.
Advertisement by moneylender
11A. Application for advertisement permit
12.
No circular implying a banking business to be issued
13.
(Deleted)
14.
(Deleted)
15.
Contract by unlicensed moneylender unenforceable
16.
Moneylending agreement to be given to the borrower
17.
Prohibition of compound interest
17A. Interest for secured and unsecured loans
18.
Accounts to be kept in permanent books
19.
Obligation to supply information as to state of loan and copies of
documents relating thereto
20.
Provisions as to bankruptcy proceedings for moneylenders' loans
21.
Accounts under section 19 to be produced when suing in court
22.
(Deleted)
23.
Prohibition of charge for expenses on loans by moneylender
24.
(Deleted)
25.
Notice and information to be given on assignment of moneylender's
debts
26.
Application of Act as respects assignees
PART VI
MISCELLANEOUS
27.
Attestation of moneylending agreement
28.
(Deleted)
29.
False statements or representations to induce borrowing an offence
29A. General offences
29B. Harassment or intimidation, etc. of borrower
29C. Offences by companies, societies, firms or other body of persons
29D. Prosecution
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Section
29E. Service of notification or document
29F. Power to compound
29G. Jurisdiction
29H. Power to make regulations
30.
(Deleted)
30A. (Deleted)
31.
(Omitted)
FIRST SCHEDULE
SECOND SCHEDULE (Deleted)
THIRD SCHEDULE (Omitted)
Moneylenders
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LAWS OF MALAYSIA
Act 400
MONEYLENDERS ACT 1951
An Act for the regulation and control of the business of moneylending,
the protection of borrowers of the monies lent in the course of such
business, and matters connected therewith.
[Peninsular Malaysia--31 March 1952, L.N. 79/1952]
PART I
PRELIMINARY
Short title and application
1. (1) This Act may be cited as the Moneylenders Act 1951.
(2) This Act shall apply to the States of *Peninsular Malaysia
only.
Interpretation
2.
In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires--
"authorized name" and "authorized address" mean respectively
the name under which and the address at which a moneylender is
authorized by a licence granted under this Act to carry on business
as a moneylender;
" b o r r o w e r " means a person to whom money is lent by a
moneylender;
"company" means any body corporate being a moneylender;
*NOTE--All references to "West Malaysia" shall be construed as reference to "Peninsular Malaysia"
­see the Interpretation (Amendment) Act 1997 [Act A996], subsection 5(2).
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"Deputy Registrar" means the Deputy Registrar of Moneylenders
appointed under section 4;
"firm" means an unincorporated body of two or more individuals
or one or more individuals and one or more corporations or two
or more corporations who have entered into partnership with one
another with a view to carrying on business for profit;
"Inspector" means an Inspector of Moneylenders appointed under
section 4;
"interest" does not include any sum lawfully charged in accordance
with this Act by a moneylender for or on account of stamp duties,
fees payable by law and legal costs but, save as aforesaid, includes
any amount by whatsoever name called in excess of the principal
paid or payable to a moneylender in consideration of or otherwise
in respect of a loan;
"licence" means a moneylender's licence issued under this
Act;
"Minister" means the Minister charged with the responsibility
for local government;
"moneylender" means any person who lends a sum of money
to a borrower in consideration of a larger sum being repaid to
him;
"moneylending agreement" means an agreement made in writing
between a moneylender and a borrower for the repayment, in lump
sum or instalments, of money borrowed by the borrower from the
moneylender;
"police officer" means a senior police officer as defined in the
Police Act 1967 [Act 344];
"prescribed" means prescribed by regulations made under this
Act;
"principal" means, in relation to a loan, the amount actually lent
to and received by the borrower;
"Registrar" means the Registrar of Moneylenders appointed under
this Act.
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Non-application of Act and exemption therefrom
2A. (1) This Act shall not apply to--
(a) any authority or body established, appointed or constituted
by any written law, including any local authority;
(b) any co-operative society registered under the *Co-operative
Societies Act 1993 [Act 502];
(c) any bank or merchant bank licensed under the Banking
and Financial Institutions Act 1989 [Act 372] or any
bank licensed under the Islamic Banking Act 1983 [Act
276];
(d) any insurance company licensed under the **Insurance
Act 1996 [Act 553];
(e) any company licensed under the Takaful Act 1984 [Act
312];
(f) any pawnbroker licensed under the Pawnbrokers Act 1972
[Act 81];
(fa) a development financial institution prescribed under the
Development Financial Institutions Act 2001 [Act 618];
and
(g) any licensed finance company as defined in subsection
2(1) of the Banking and Financial Institutions Act 1989.
(h) (Deleted by Act A1193).
(2) The Minister may--
(a) in consideration of the special circumstances relating to
the nature of the business of any company, or the objects
of any society, and its financial standing; and
(b) if he is satisfied that it would not be contrary to the
public interest to do so,
by notification in the Gazette exempt such company or society
from all or any of the provisions of this Act, and such exemption
shall be granted for such duration as may be specified in the
notification, and may be made subject to such limitations, restrictions
or conditions as the Minister may specify in the notification.
*NOTE--This Act has replaced the Co-operative Societies Act 1948 [Act 287see section 95 of
Act 502.
**NOTE--This Act has replaced the Insurance Act 1963 [Act 89see subsection 214(1) of
Act 553.
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(3) The Minister may at any time revoke any exemption granted
by him under subsection (2) if he is satisfied, after giving the
company or society concerned an opportunity to be heard, that the
company or the society, as the case may be, has failed to observe
any limitation, restriction or condition subject to which the exemption
was granted, or that it is otherwise no longer suitable to continue
to be granted exemption.
3.
(Deleted by Act A1193).
Appointment of Registrar, Deputy Registrar, Inspector, and
other officers and servants
*4. (1) For the purposes of this Act, the Minister may appoint a
Registrar of Moneylenders and such number of Deputy Registrars
of Moneylenders, Inspectors of Moneylenders and other officers
and servants as the Minister may deem fit from amongst members
of the public service.
(2) The Registrar and Deputy Registrars shall have and may
exercise any of the powers conferred on an Inspector by or under
this Act.
Delegation of powers of Registrar
4A. (1) The Registrar may, in writing, delegate all or any of his
powers or functions under this Act, except his power of delegation,
to any Deputy Registrar or Inspector appointed under section 4.
(2) Without prejudice to subsection (1), the Registrar may, in
writing, delegate any of his powers or functions under this Act in
respect of the investigation of offences under this Act and the
enforcement of the provisions of this Act to any public officer.
(3) Any delegation under subsection (1) or (2) may be revoked
at any time by the Registrar and does not prohibit the Registrar
from himself exercising the powers or performing the functions so
delegated.
*NOTE--For saving and transitional provision of this section­see subsections 46(1), (8) and (9)
of Act A1193.
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PART II
LICENSING OF MONEYLENDERS
Licence to be taken out by moneylender
5. (1) No person shall conduct business as a moneylender unless
he is licensed under this Act.
(2) Any person who carries on business as a moneylender without
a valid licence, or who continues to carry on such business after
his licence has expired or been suspended or revoked shall be
guilty of an offence under this Act and shall be liable to a fine
of not less than twenty thousand ringgit but not more than one
hundred thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding
five years or to both, and in the case of a second or subsequent
offence shall also be liable to whipping in addition to such punishment.
Application for licence
*5A. (1) An application for a licence to carry on business as a
moneylender shall be made in writing to the Registrar in a prescribed
form, and accompanied by such documents or information as may
be prescribed.
(2) The Registrar may in writing, at any time after receiving the
application but before it is determined, require the applicant to
provide within a specified time or any extension of time granted
by the Registrar, such additional documents or information as may
be considered necessary by the Registrar for the purpose of
determining the suitability of the applicant for the licence.
(3) Where any additional documents or information required
under subsection (2) is not provided by the applicant within the
time specified in the requirement or any extension of time granted
by the Registrar, the application shall be deemed to be withdrawn
and shall not be further proceeded with.
(4) Without prejudice to subsection (3), the applicant may submit
a fresh application for a licence to the Registrar, but such application
shall not be made while his application for a licence is still pending
before the Registrar.
*NOTE--For saving and transitional provisions of this section­see subsection 46(3) of Act A1193.
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Grant of a licence
5B. (1) Notwithstanding subsection 5A(2) or (3), the Registrar
may, upon receiving an application for a licence under subsection
5A(1), grant or refuse to grant the licence to the applicant, and the
Registrar shall inform the applicant of his decision.
(2) The licence shall be in such form as may be prescribed.
*(3) The applicant shall pay the prescribed application fee for
the licence to the Registrar upon being informed by the Registrar
of the approval of his application for the licence.
Duration of licence
5C. (1) Subject to section 9D and subsection (3), a licence shall,
unless sooner revoked, be valid for a period not exceeding two
years.
(2) Where a licence is granted, the Registrar shall specify in the
licence the date on which the licence is to come into force and the
date of its expiry.
(3) Where on the date of expiry of the licence, an application
for the renewal of the licence under section 5E is pending before
the Registrar, that licence shall remain in force until the application
is disposed of, or sixty days after the date of expiry of the licence,
whichever is the earlier.
Conditions attached to licence
5D. (1) The Registrar may stipulate in the licence such conditions
as he may think fit and he may, at any time during the duration
of the licence, add to, revoke or vary any of the conditions.
(2) Any person who fails to comply with any of the conditions
of the licence shall be guilty of an offence under this Act and shall
be liable to a fine not exceeding fifty thousand ringgit or to
imprisonment for a term not exceeding twelve months or to both.
*NOTE--For saving and transitional provisions of this subsection­see subsection 46(4) of Act
A1193.
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Renewal of licence
*5E. (1) An application for the renewal of a licence shall be made
by the holder of the licence at least sixty days before the date of
expiry of the licence, and the application shall be accompanied by
such documents and information as may be required by the Registrar.
(2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), the Registrar may, subject
to the payment of a penalty not exceeding three hundred ringgit
imposed on the holder of the licence, allow an application for the
renewal of a licence made after the time specified in subsection
(1), but no application for such renewal shall be allowed where
the application is made after the date of expiry of the licence.
(3) Where the holder of the licence fails to renew the licence
before the date of expiry of the licence, he shall not be entitled
to make a new application for a licence within a period of two
years from the date of expiry of the licence.
(4) The holder of the licence shall pay the prescribed renewal
fee for the licence to the Registrar upon being informed by the
Registrar of the approval of his application for the renewal of the
licence.
Requirement to display licence
5F. (1) A moneylender shall at all times display his licence in a
conspicuous place at the premise where he carries out or operates
his business.
(2) Any person who contravenes this section shall be guilty of
an offence under this Act and shall be liable to a fine not exceeding
ten thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding
six months or to both.
Particulars to be shown on licences
6. (1) Every licence granted to a moneylender shall show his true
name and the name under which, and the address at which, he is
authorized by the licence to carry on business as such. A licence
*NOTE--For saving and transitional provisions of this section­see subsections 46(3) and (4) of
Act A1193.
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shall not authorize a moneylender to carry on business at more
than one address or under more than one name or under any name
which includes the word "bank" or otherwise implies that he carries
on the business of banking, and no licence shall authorize a
moneylender to carry on business under any name except--
(a) his true name;
(b) the name of a firm in which he is a partner; or
(c) a business name, whether of an individual or of a firm
in which he is a partner, under which he or the firm has
been registered under the Registration of Businesses Act
1956 [Act 197].
(2) Any licence taken out in a name other than the moneylender's
true name shall be void.
7.
(Deleted by Act A1193).
Offences
8.
If any person--
(a) takes out a licence in any name other than his true name;
(b) being licensed as a moneylender, carries on business as
such in any name other than his authorized name or at
any other place than his authorized address or addresses;
(c) in the course of business as a moneylender enters into
any moneylending agreement with respect to any advance
or repayment of money or takes any security for money
otherwise than in his authorized name; or
(d) lends money to a person under the age of eighteen years,
he shall be guilty of an offence under this Act and shall be liable
to a fine not exceeding* fifty thousand ringgit and for a second
or subsequent offence shall be liable to the fine aforesaid or to
imprisonment for a term not exceeding twelve months and an
offender being a company, society, firm or other body of persons
shall for a second or subsequent offence be liable to a fine not
exceeding **one hundred thousand ringgit.
*NOTE--Previously "one thousand ringgit"­see Act A1193.
**NOTE--Previously "five thousand ringgit"­see Act A1193.
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Circumstances under which licence shall not be issued
9. (1) The licence applied for under section 5A shall not be issued--
(a) if--
(i) an applicant;
(ii) a director, general manager, manager or secretary
of an applicant or any other person holding a similar
office or position, where the applicant is a company;
(iii) a president, vice-president, secretary or treasurer
of an applicant or any other person holding a similar
office or position, where the applicant is a society;
or
(iv) a partner or any member of an applicant or any
other person holding a similar office or position,
where the applicant is a firm or other body of
persons,
is a person convicted of an offence involving fraud or
dishonesty, or an offence relating to Chapter XVI or
XVII of the Penal Code [Act 574], or is an undischarged
bankrupt;
(b) where at the time the application is made--
(i) an applicant;
(ii) a director, general manager, manager or secretary
of an applicant, where the applicant is a company;
(iii) a president, vice-president, secretary or treasurer
of an applicant, where the applicant is a society; or
(iv) a partner or any member of an applicant, where the
applicant is a firm or other body of persons,
has, due to a conviction for an offence under this Act,
been sentenced to a fine exceeding ten thousand ringgit
or to imprisonment (other than imprisonment in default
of a fine not exceeding ten thousand ringgit);
(c) where at the time the application is made, a person who--
(i) had been a director of a company carrying on the
business of moneylending or had been directly
concerned in the management of the business of
the company;
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(ii) had been a president, vice-president, secretary
or treasurer of a society carrying on the business
of moneylending, or had been directly concerned
in the management of the business of the society;
or
(iii) had been a partner or any member of a firm or other
b o d y of persons carrying on the business of
moneylending, or had been directly concerned in
the management of the business of the firm or other
body of persons,
which has been wound up or dissolved by a court, is a
director, president, vice-president, secretary, treasurer,
p a r t n e r or member, or is directly concerned in the
management of the business of the applicant, where the
applicant is a company, society, firm or other body of
persons, respectively;
(d) where the applicant is responsible for the management of
his business as a moneylender, and the licence for that
business has been revoked;
(e) where satisfactory evidence has been produced
regarding the bad character of the applicant, or of the
director, president, vice-president, secretary, treasurer,
partner or member, or any person responsible for the
management of the business of the applicant, where the
applicant is a company, society, firm or other body of
persons; or
(f) where satisfactory evidence has been produced that the
a p p l i c a n t , or the director, president, vice-president,
secretary, treasurer, partner or member, or any person
responsible for the management of the business of the
applicant, where the applicant is a company, society,
firm or other body of persons, is not a fit and proper
person to hold a licence.
(2) Any person aggrieved by the refusal of the Registrar to
issue a licence may appeal to the Minister in the prescribed manner
and the decision of the Minister shall be final.
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Revocation or suspension of licence
9A. (1) If a moneylender--
(a) has been carrying on his business, in the opinion of the
Registrar, in a manner detrimental to the interest of the
borrower or to any member of the public;
(b) has contravened any of the provisions of this Act or any
regulations or rules made under this Act;
(c) has been licensed as a result of a fraud, mistake or
misrepresentation in any material particular; or
(d) has failed to comply with any of the conditions of
the licence, the Registrar may, subject to section 9B,
r e v o k e the licence issued to the moneylender or
suspend the licence for such period as the Registrar thinks
fit.
(2) A revocation or suspension of a licence under this section
shall not affect any moneylending agreement entered into before
such revocation or suspension, other than that in respect of which
such revocation or suspension is made.
( 3 ) W h e r e a licence has been revoked or suspended, the
licence shall have no effect from the date of revocation of the
licence or during the period of suspension of the licence, as the
case may be.
Opportunity of being heard
9B. (1) Before revoking or suspending a licence under section 9A,
the Registrar shall give the holder of the licence a notice in writing
of his intention to do so and require the holder of the licence to
submit reasons why the licence should not be revoked or suspended.
(2) After considering the reasons submitted by the holder of the
licence, the Registrar shall decide whether to revoke or suspend
the licence, or to take no further action, and the Registrar shall
notify the holder of the licence of his decision.
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Appeal to Minister
9C.  Any person aggrieved by any decision taken by the Registrar
under section 9A may, within fourteen days after having been
notified of the decision under subsection 9B(2), appeal against that
decision to the Minister whose decision is final and shall not be
questioned in any court.
Validity of licence extended in successful appeal
9D.  Where the Minister allows an appeal against the revocation
or suspension of a licence under this Act, the validity of the
licence shall be extended by a period corresponding to that during
which the licence had no effect and such extended period shall be
inserted in the licence.
Prohibition of subsequent application pending appeal on earlier
application
9E. (1) Where an applicant appeals against the refusal of the Registrar
to issue a licence to him, or a holder of a licence appeals against
the revocation of his licence by the Registrar, he shall not subsequently
make an application for a licence until the appeal against the
Registrar's decision has been determined by the Minister.
(2) In the event that any licence is issued as a result of a
subsequent application made in the circumstances specified in
subsection (1), the licence so granted shall be void and shall have
no effect.
(3) Any person who contravenes this section shall be guilty of
an offence under this Act and shall be liable to a fine not exceeding
twenty thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding
three months or to both.
Surrender of licence
9F. (1) Upon the revocation of the licence under section 9A, or
the rejection of an appeal against the revocation of the licence
under section 9C, the holder of the licence shall, within 14 days
from the date of the notice of revocation, or the notice of rejection
of appeal against revocation, being served on him, surrender his
licence to the Registrar.
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(2) Any person who fails to surrender his licence as required
under subsection (1) shall be guilty of an offence under this Act
and shall be liable to a fine not exceeding twenty thousand ringgit
or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding twelve months or to
both.
Transfer or assignment of licence prohibited
9G. (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), the holder of a licence
shall not transfer or assign his licence to any other person, or cause
or permit any other person to use his licence or provide the services
authorized in the licence.
(2) Except with the prior written consent of the Registrar, the
holder of a licence shall not appoint any person for the purpose
of exercising any of the rights conferred on him under the licence,
or cause or permit any such person to exercise any such right.
(3) The Registrar may authorize the transfer of a licence where--
(a) the holder of a licence--
(i) being a company, is liquidated and a receiver or
manager is appointed in relation to the moneylending
business of the company; or
(ii) being a society, firm or other body of persons is
dissolved and a receiver or manager is appointed
in relation to the moneylending business of the
society, firm or other body of persons; or
(b) for any reason the Registrar is satisfied that it would be
just to do so.
( 4 ) E x c e p t where the Registrar has given his consent or
authorization under subsection (2) or (3), the holder of a licence
who purports to transfer or assign his licence to any other person,
or causes or permits any other person to use his licence or to
provide the services authorized in the licence, shall be guilty of
an offence under this Act and shall be liable to a fine not exceeding
twenty thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding
twelve months or to both.
10. (Deleted by Act A1193).
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PART III
INVESTIGATION, SEARCH, SEIZURE AND ARREST
Powers of Inspector or police officer in investigation
10A. (1) Every Inspector or police officer making an investigation
under this Act shall have the power to require information, whether
orally or in writing, from any person acquainted or supposed to
be acquainted with the facts and circumstances of the case under
investigation.
(2) Any person who, on being required by an Inspector or police
officer to give information under this section, refuses to comply
with such requirement or furnishes as true any information which
he knows or has reason to believe to be false, shall be guilty of
an offence under this Act and shall be liable to a fine not exceeding
ten thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding
twelve months or to both.
(3) Where any information furnished by a person to an Inspector
or police officer is proved to be untrue or incorrect in whole or
in part, it shall be no defence to allege that the information or any
part of the information was misinterpreted, or furnished inadvertently
or without criminal or fraudulent intent.
Power to investigate complaints and inquire into information
10B. (1) Every complaint relating to the commission of an offence
under this Act may be made orally or in writing to an Inspector
or police officer.
(2) Where a complaint is made orally, it shall be reduced into
writing and read over to the person making the complaint.
(3) Every complaint, whether in writing or reduced into writing,
shall be signed by the person making the complaint.
(4) Every complaint, whether in writing or reduced into writing,
shall be entered in a book kept at the office of the Registrar and
there shall be appended to such entry the date and hour on which
such complaint was made.
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(5) Where an Inspector or police officer has reason to suspect
the commission of an offence under this Act following a complaint
made under subsection (1) or information otherwise received by
him, he shall cause an investigation to be made and for such
purpose may exercise all the powers of investigation provided for
under this Act.
Power to examine persons
10C. (1) An Inspector or police officer investigating an offence
under this Act may--
(a) order any person to attend before him for the purpose of
being examined orally in relation to any matter which
may, in his opinion, assist in the investigation into the
offence;
(b) order any person to produce before him any book, document
or any certified copy of such book or document, or any
other article which may, in his opinion, assist in the
investigation into the offence; or
(c) by written notice require any person to furnish a statement
in writing made on oath or affirmation, setting out in the
notice all such information which may be required, being
information which, in the opinion of the Inspector or
police officer, would be of assistance in the investigation
into the offence.
(2) A person to whom an order under paragraph (1)(a) has been
given shall--
(a) attend in accordance with the terms of the order to be
examined, and shall continue to attend from day to day
as directed by the Inspector or police officer until the
examination is completed; and
(b) during such examination, disclose all information which
is within his knowledge, or which is available to him, or
which is capable of being obtained by him, in respect of
the matter in relation to which he is being examined,
whether or not any question is put to him with regard to
such matter, and where any question is put to him he
shall answer the question truthfully and to the best of his
knowledge and belief.
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(3) A person to whom an order has been given under paragraph
(1)(b) shall not conceal, destroy, alter, remove from or send out
of Malaysia, or deal with, expend, or dispose of, any book, document
or article specified in the order, or alter or deface any entry in any
such book or document, or cause such act to be done, or assist or
conspire to do such act.
(4) A person to whom a written notice has been given under
paragraph (1)(c) shall, in his written statement made on oath or
affirmation, furnish and disclose truthfully all information required
under the notice which is within his knowledge, or which is available
to him, or which is capable of being obtained by him.
(5) A person to whom an order or a notice is given under
subsection (1) shall comply with such order or notice and with the
provisions of subsection (2), (3) or (4) in relation to the order or
notice, but nothing contained in subsection (2), (3) or (4) shall be
construed as compelling the person who is being examined under
this section to disclose any information, book, document or article
which may incriminate him for any offence under this Act or any
other written law.
(6) An Inspector or police officer examining a person under
paragraph (1)(a) shall record in writing any statement made by the
person and the statement so recorded shall be signed by the person
being examined or affixed with his thumbprint as the case may be,
after it has been read to him in the language in which he made
it and after he has been given an opportunity to make any corrections
he may wish, and if such person refuses to sign the record, the
Inspector or police officer shall endorse on the record under his
hand the fact of such refusal and the reasons for such refusal, if
any, stated by the person being examined.
(7) The record of an examination under paragraph (1)(a), or a
written statement on oath or affirmation made pursuant to paragraph
(1)(c), or any book, document or article produced under paragraph
(1)(b) or in the course of an examination under paragraph (1)(a)
or under a written statement on oath or affirmation made pursuant
to paragraph (1)(c) shall, notwithstanding any written law or rule
of law to the contrary, be admissible in evidence in any proceedings
in any court for an offence under this Act, regardless whether such
proceedings are against the person who was examined, or who
produced the book, document or article, or who made the written
statement on oath or affirmation, or against any other person.
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(8) Any person who contravenes this section shall be guilty of
an offence under this Act and shall on conviction be liable to a
fine not exceeding fifty thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for
a term not exceeding fifteen months or to both.
Search by warrant
10D. (1) If it appears to a Magistrate, upon written information
and after such inquiry as he considers necessary, that there is
reasonable cause to believe that an offence under this Act has been
committed or is being committed on or in respect of any premises,
the Magistrate may issue a warrant authorizing an Inspector or
police officer named in that warrant to enter such premises with
such assistance as may be required, and if necessary by force.
(2) An Inspector or police officer may, in the premises entered
under subsection (1), inspect--
(a) any book, account or document, including computerized
data, which contains or is reasonably suspected to contain
any information regarding any offence suspected to have
been committed under this Act; and
(b) any mark, signboard, card, letter, pamphlet, item, thing,
article or goods that are reasonably believed to furnish
evidence regarding the commission of such offence,
and may seize such book, account, document or data or any copy
or extract of such book, account, document or data, or such mark,
signboard, card, letter, pamphlet, item, thing, article or goods.
(3) An Inspector or police officer conducting a search under
subsection (1) may, if in his opinion it is reasonably necessary to
do so for the purpose of investigating the offence, search any
person who is in, or on, such premises and detain such person and
remove him to such place as may be necessary to facilitate such
search.
(4) An Inspector or police officer making a search of a person
under subsection (3) may seize or take possession of any book,
account, document, card, letter, pamphlet, item, thing, article or
goods found on the person for the purpose of the investigation
being carried out by the Inspector or police officer.
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(5) Where, by reason of their nature, size or amount, it is not
practicable to remove any book, account, document, mark, signboard,
card, letter, pamphlet, item, thing, article or goods seized under
this section, the Inspector or police officer making the seizure
shall, by any means, seal such book, account, document, mark,
signboard, card, letter, pamphlet, item, thing, article or goods in
the premises or container in which they are found.
(6) A person who, without lawful authority, breaks, tampers
with or damages the seal referred to in subsection (5) or removes
any book, account, document, mark, signboard, card, letter, pamphlet,
item, thing, article or goods under seal, or attempts to do so shall
be guilty of an offence under this Act and shall be liable to a fine
not exceeding fifty thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term
not exceeding fifteen months or to both.
(7) Whenever it is necessary so to do, an Inspector or police
officer exercising any power under subsection (1) may--
(a) break open any outer or inner door or window of any
premises and enter into the premises, or otherwise forcibly
enter into the premises and every part of the premises;
(b) remove by force any obstruction to such entry, search,
seizure, detention or removal as he is empowered to
effect; or
(c) detain any person found on any premises searched under
subsection (1) until such premises have been searched.
(8) No person shall be searched under this section except by an
Inspector or police officer who is of the same gender as the person
to be searched.
Power of arrest
10E.  If any person is found committing an offence under this
Act, or is reasonably suspected of having committed, or has attempted
to commit, or is about to commit, such an offence, he may be
arrested by an Inspector or police officer with a warrant and shall
be brought immediately before a Magistrate to be dealt with according
to the law.
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Search without warrant
10F.  If the Inspector or police officer in any of the circumstances
referred to in section 10D has reasonable cause to believe that by
reason of delay in obtaining a search warrant under that section
the investigation would be adversely affected or the evidence of
the commission of the offence is likely to be tampered with, removed,
damaged or destroyed, the Inspector or police officer may enter
the premises and exercise in, and in respect of the premises, all
the powers referred to in section 10D in as full and ample a manner
as if he were authorized to do so by a warrant issued under that
section.
Seizure of movable property
10G. (1) In the course of an investigation into an offence under
this Act, an Inspector or police officer may seize any movable
property which he has reasonable grounds to suspect to be the
subject matter of an offence under this Act or evidence relating
to the commission of an offence under this Act.
(2) The occupant of the place searched or, any person on his
behalf, shall in every instance be permitted to attend during the
search and a list of all movable property seized pursuant to subsection
(1) and of the places in which such property are respectively found
shall be prepared by the Inspector or police officer effecting the
seizure and signed by him.
(3) A copy of the list referred to in subsection (2) shall be
served on the owner of such property or on the person from whom
the property was seized as soon as possible and shall be signed
by such owner or person.
Further provisions relating to seizure of movable property
10H. (1) Where any movable property is seized under this Act,
the seizure shall be effected by removing the movable property
from the possession, custody or control of the person from whom
it was seized and placing it under the custody of such person or
authority and at such place as an Inspector or police officer may
determine.
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(2) Where it is not practicable, or it is otherwise not desirable,
to effect the removal of any property under subsection (1), the
Inspector or police officer may leave it at the premises in which
it is seized under the custody of such person as he may determine
for the purpose.
Obstruction of inspection and search
10I. (1) Any person who--
(a) refuses any Inspector or police officer access to any
premises or any part of such premises, or fails to submit
to a search of his person by a person authorized to search
him under this Act;
(b) assaults, obstructs, hinders or delays an Inspector or police
officer in the execution of his duty under this Act;
(c) fails to comply with any lawful demand, notice, order or
requirement of an Inspector or police officer in the execution
of his duty under this Act;
(d) omits, refuses or neglects to give to an Inspector or police
officer any information which may reasonably be required
of him and which he is empowered to give;
(e) fails to produce to, or conceals or attempts to conceal
from an Inspector or police officer any book, account,
document, data, mark, signboard, card, letter, pamphlet,
item, thing, article or goods in relation to which such
Inspector or police officer has reasonable grounds for
suspecting that an offence under this Act has been or is
being committed, or which is liable to seizure under this
Act;
(f) rescues or endeavours to rescue or causes to be rescued
any thing which has been duly seized; or
(g) destroys any thing to prevent the seizure or the securing
of the thing,
shall be guilty of an offence under this Act and shall be liable to
a fine not exceeding twenty thousand ringgit or to imprisonment
for a term not exceeding twelve months or to both.
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(2) Any person who abets the commission of any offence as
specified under subsection (1) shall be guilty of an offence under
this Act and shall be liable to a fine not exceeding twenty thousand
ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding twelve months
or to both.
(3) Any person who, while committing or abetting the commission
of any offence under subsection (1) or (2), causes hurt to an
Inspector, police officer or any public officer who is carrying out
the enforcement of this Act shall be guilty of an offence under this
Act and shall be liable to the punishment as specified in subsection
(1) or (2), respectively, and to whipping.
Authority to act
10J.  An Inspector when acting under this Part, shall on demand,
declare his office and produce to the person against whom he is
acting such written authorization as the Registrar may direct to be
carried by such Inspector.
Release of property seized
10K. (1) Where any property has been seized under this Act, an
Inspector or police officer superior in rank to the police officer
who effected the seizure, may, if there is no prosecution for an
offence under this Act, or upon the completion of proceedings for
such offence, or if it is not otherwise required for the purpose of
any proceedings under this Act, release the property to its owner,
or to the person from whose possession, custody or control it was
seized, or to such person who may be entitled to the property, and
in such event the officer effecting the seizure, the Government, or
any person acting on behalf of the Government, shall not be liable
to any proceedings by any person if the seizure of the property and
the release of the property had been effected in good faith.
(2) A record in writing shall be made by the officer effecting
any release of the property under subsection (1) in respect of such
release specifying in detail the circumstances of, and the reasons
for such release.
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PART IV
EVIDENCE
Evidence of accomplice and agent provocateur
10L. (1) Notwithstanding any written law or rule of law to the
contrary, in any proceedings against any person for an offence
under this Act--
(a) no witness shall be regarded as an accomplice by reason
only of such witness having--
(i) accepted, received, obtained, solicited, agreed to
accept or receive, or attempted to obtain any sum
of money from a moneylender; or
(ii) been in any manner concerned in the commission
o f such offence or having knowledge of the
commission of the offence;
(b) no agent provocateur, whether or not he is an Inspector
or police officer, shall be presumed to be unworthy of
credit by reason only of his having attempted to commit
or having abetted the commission of, or having abetted
or having been engaged in a criminal conspiracy to commit,
such offence if the main purpose of the attempt to commit,
abetment in the commission of, or abetment or engagement
in the criminal conspiracy to commit, the offence was to
secure evidence against such person; and
(c) any statement, whether oral or written, made to an agent
provocateur by such person shall be admissible as evidence
at his trial.
(2) Notwithstanding any written law or rule of law to the contrary,
a conviction for any offence under this Act solely on the
uncorroborated evidence of any accomplice or agent provocateur
shall not be illegal and no such conviction shall be set aside merely
because the court which tried the case has failed to refer in the
grounds of its judgement to the need to warn itself against the
danger of convicting on such evidence.
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Protection of informers and information
10M. (1) Except as hereinafter provided, no complaint as to an
offence under this Act shall be admitted in evidence in any civil
or criminal proceedings, and no witness shall be obliged or permitted
to disclose the name or address of any person who gave the
information, or the substance and nature of the information received
from him, or state any matter which might lead to his discovery.
(2) If any application, particular, return, account, document or
written statement which is given in evidence or liable to inspection
in any civil or criminal proceedings contains any entry in which
any person who gave the information is named or described, or
which might lead to his discovery, the court before which the
proceedings are held shall cause all such entries to be concealed
from view or to be obliterated so far as may be necessary to protect
such person from discovery, but no further.
(3) If in any proceedings relating to any offence under this Act,
the court, after full inquiry into the case, is of the opinion that the
person who gave the information wilfully made in his complaint
a material statement which he knew or believed to be false or did
not believe to be true, or is of the opinion that justice cannot be
fully done between the parties to the proceedings without the
discovery of the person who gave the information, the court may
require the production of the original complaint, if in writing, and
permit inquiry and require full disclosure concerning that person.
Admissibility of statements by accused persons
10N. (1) In any trial or inquiry by a court into an offence under
this Act, any statement, whether the statement amounts to a confession
or not or is oral or in writing, made at any time, whether before
or after the person is charged and whether in the course of an
investigation or not and whether or not wholly or partly in answer
to questions, by an accused person to or in the hearing of any
Inspector or police officer, whether or not interpreted to him by
any other Inspector or police officer or any other person, whether
concerned or not in the arrest of that person, shall, notwithstanding
any written law or rule of law to the contrary, be admissible at his
trial in evidence and, if that person tenders himself as a witness,
any such statement may be used in cross-examination and for the
purpose of impeaching his credit.
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(2) No statement made under subsection (1) shall be admissible
or used as provided for in that subsection if the making of the
statement appears to the court to have been caused by any inducement,
threat or promise having reference to the charge against the person,
proceeding from a person in authority and sufficient in the opinion
of the court to give that person grounds which would appear to
him reasonable for supposing that by making it he would gain any
advantage or avoid any evil of a temporal nature in reference to
the proceedings against him.
(3) Where any person is arrested or is informed that he may be
prosecuted for any offence under this Act, he shall be served with
a notice in writing, which shall be explained to him, to the following
effect:
"You have been arrested/informed that you may be prosecuted
for ...(the possible offence under this Act). Do you wish to say any
thing? If there is any fact on which you intend to rely in your
defence in court, you are advised to mention it now. If you hold
it back till you go to court, your evidence may be less likely to
be believed and this may have a bad effect on your case in general.
If you wish to mention any fact now, and you would like it written
down, this will be done."
(4) Notwithstanding subsection (3), a statement by any person
accused of any offence under this Act made before there is time
to serve a written notice under that subsection shall not be rendered
inadmissible in evidence merely by reason of no such written
notice having been served on him if such written notice has been
served on him as soon as is reasonably possible after the statement
was made.
(5) No statement made by an accused person in answer to a
written notice served on him pursuant to subsection (3) shall be
construed as a statement caused by any inducement, threat or
promise as is described in subsection (2), if it is otherwise voluntary.
(6) Where in any criminal proceedings against a person for an
offence under this Act, evidence is given that the accused, on
being informed that he might be prosecuted for it, failed to mention
any such fact, being a fact which in the circumstances existing at
the time he could reasonably have been expected to mention when
so informed, the court, in determining whether the prosecution has
made out a prima facie case against the accused and in determining
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whether the accused is guilty of the offence charged, may draw
such inferences from the failure as appear proper; and the failure
may, on the basis of those inferences, be treated as, or as capable
of amounting to, corroboration of any evidence given against the
accused in relation to which the failure is material.
(7) Nothing in subsection (6) shall in any criminal proceedings--
(a) prejudice the admissibility in evidence of the silence or
other reaction of the accused in the face of any thing said
in his presence relating to the offence in respect of which
he is charged, in so far as evidence thereof would be
admissible apart from that subsection; or
(b) be taken to preclude the drawing of any inference from
any silence or other reaction of the accused which could
be drawn from that subsection.
Provisions as to evidence
10O. (1) A copy of a licence, certified by the Registrar to be a
true copy of such licence, shall be admissible as evidence for all
purposes for which the original of such copy would have been
admissible had such original been produced and admitted as evidence,
without proof of the signature or authority of the person signing
the licence or the copy of the licence.
(2) When in any proceedings for an offence under this Act it
is necessary to prove that a person was, or was not, the holder of
a licence, a certificate purporting to be signed by the Registrar and
certifying that the person was or was not, the holder of a licence,
shall be admissible as evidence and shall constitute prima facie
proof of the facts certified in such certificate, without proof of the
signature or the authority of the Registrar to issue the certificate.
PART V
CONDUCT OF MONEYLENDING BUSINESS
Moneylender and borrower must enter into a moneylending
agreement
*10P. (1) A moneylender who intends to lend money to a borrower
shall enter into a moneylending agreement with the borrower, and
that agreement shall be in the prescribed form.
*NOTE--For saving and transitional provisions of this section­see subsections 46(5), (6) and (7)
of Act A1193.
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(2) Any moneylender who contravenes this section shall be
guilty of an offence under this Act and shall be liable to a fine
of not less than ten thousand ringgit but not more than fifty thousand
ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years or
to both, and in the case of a second or subsequent offence shall
also be liable to whipping in addition to such punishment.
(3) Any moneylending agreement which does not comply with
the prescribed form shall be void and have no effect and shall not
be enforceable.
Advertisement by moneylender
*11. (1) No advertisement regarding the business of moneylending
carried on by a moneylender shall be issued or published or caused
to be issued or published by the moneylender, unless an advertisement
permit in respect of that advertisement has been granted by the
Registrar.
(2) Any person who contravenes this section shall be guilty of
an offence under this Act and shall be liable to a fine not exceeding
ten thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding
twelve months or to both.
Application for advertisement permit
11A.  An application for an advertisement permit by a moneylender
shall be made in writing to the Registrar in the prescribed form
and accompanied by such particulars and documents as may be
prescribed.
No circular implying a banking business to be issued
12.  If a moneylender for the purpose of the business carried on
by him as such issues or publishes or causes to be issued or
published any advertisement, circular or document of any kind
whatsoever containing expressions which might reasonably be held
to imply that he carries on the business of banking he shall be
liable to a fine not exceeding **ten thousand ringgit and on a
second or subsequent offence shall be liable to the fine aforesaid
or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding twelve months or to
both and an offender being a company, society, firm or other body
of persons shall for a second or subsequent offence be liable to
a fine not exceeding ***fifteen thousand ringgit.
*NOTE--For saving and transitional provisions of this section­see subsection 46(2) of Act A1193.
**NOTE--Previously "one thousand ringgit"­see Act A1193.
***NOTE--Previously "five thousand ringgit"­see Act A1193.
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13.
(Deleted by Act A1193).
14.
(Deleted by Act A1193).
Contract by unlicensed moneylender unenforceable
15.  No moneylending agreement in respect of money lent after
the coming into force of this Act by an unlicensed moneylender
shall be enforceable.
Moneylending agreement to be given to the borrower
16. (1) No moneylending agreement shall be enforceable unless
the agreement has been signed by all the parties to the agreement
and a copy of the agreement duly stamped is delivered to the
borrower by the moneylender before the money is lent.
(2) A moneylender who executes a moneylending agreement
which does not comply with this section shall be guilty of an
offence under this Act and shall be liable to a fine not exceeding
ten thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding
twelve months or to both.
Prohibition of compound interest
1 7 . ( 1 ) A n y moneylending agreement made on or after the
commencement of this Act, for the loan of money by a moneylender
shall be illegal in so far as it provides, directly or indirectly, for
the payment of compound interest, or for the rate or amount of
interest to be increased by reason of any default in the payment
of sums due under the moneylending agreement:
Provided that provision may be made in any such moneylending
agreement that if default is made in the payment upon the due date
of any sum or instalment payable to the moneylender under the
moneylending agreement, whether in respect of principal or interest,
the moneylender shall be entitled to charge simple interest on the
unpaid sum or instalment which shall be calculated at the rate of
eight per centum per annum from day to day from the date of
default in payment of the sum or instalment until that sum or
instalment is paid, and any interest so charged shall not be reckoned
for the purposes of this Act as part of the interest charged in
respect of the loan.
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(2) This section shall not apply to transactions known as Thavannai
transactions, between one moneylender and another moneylender,
provided that any such transaction is evidenced by a written document
duly stamped.
(3) (Deleted by Act A1193).
Interest for secured and unsecured loans
17A. (1) For the purposes of this Act, the interest for a secured
loan shall not exceed twelve per centum per annum and the interest
for an unsecured loan shall not exceed eighteen per centum per
annum.
(2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), interest shall not at any
time be recoverable by a moneylender of an amount in excess of
the sum then due as principal unless a Court, having regard to all
the circumstances, otherwise decrees.
(3) Where in a moneylending agreement the interest charged
for a secured loan or an unsecured loan, as the case may be, is
more than that specified in subsection (1), that agreement shall be
void and have no effect and shall not be enforceable.
(4) Any moneylender who contravenes this section shall be
guilty of an offence under this Act and shall be liable to a fine
not exceeding twenty thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a
term not exceeding eighteen months or to both.
Accounts to be kept in permanent books
18. (1) Every moneylender shall keep or cause to be kept a regular
account of each loan made after the commencement of this Act
clearly stating in plain words and in English numerals with or
without the numerals of the script otherwise used the terms and
transactions incidental to the account entered in a book paged and
bound in such manner as not to facilitate the elimination of pages
or the interpolation or substitution of pages.
(2) If any person subject to the obligations of this section fails
to comply with any of the requirements thereof, he shall not be
entitled to enforce any claim in respect of any transaction in
relation to which default shall have been made. He shall also be
guilty of an offence under this Act and shall be liable to a fine
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not exceeding *ten thousand ringgit, or in the case of a continuing
offence, to a fine not exceeding **one thousand ringgit for each
day or part of a day during which such offence continues.
Obligation to supply information as to state of loan and copies
of documents relating thereto
19. (1) In respect of every moneylending agreement with regard
to money lent by a moneylender whether made before or after the
commencement of this Act the moneylender shall, on any reasonable
demand in writing being made by the borrower at any time during
the continuance of the moneylending agreement and on tender by
the borrower of the sum of three ringgit for expenses, supply to
the borrower or, if the borrower so requires, to any person specified
in that behalf in the demand, a statement of account in English
figures signed by the moneylender showing--
(a) the date on which the loan was made, the amount of the
principal of the loan and the rate per centum per annum
or the amount of interest charged; and
(b) the amount of any payment already received by the
moneylender in respect of the loan and the date on which
it was made; and
(c) the amount of all sums due to the moneylender for principal
but unpaid and the dates upon which they became due
and the amount of interest due and unpaid in respect of
each such sum; and
(d) the amount of every sum not yet due which remains
outstanding and the date upon which it will become due.
A statement of account given in the form in the First Schedule
shall be deemed to comply with the requirements of this subsection.
(2) A moneylender shall, on any reasonable demand in writing
by the borrower and on tender of the sum of five ringgit, supply
a copy of any document relating to a loan made by him or any
security therefor to the borrower or if the borrower so requires,
to any person specified in that behalf in the demand.
(3) If a moneylender to whom a demand has been made under
this section fails without reasonable excuse to comply therewith
within one month after the demand has been made he shall not,
so long as the default continues, be entitled to sue for or recover
*NOTE--Previously "fifty ringgit"­see Act A1193.
**NOTE--Previously "ten ringgit"­see Act A1193.
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any sum due under the moneylending agreement on account either
of principal or interest, and interest shall not be chargeable in
respect of the period of the default and, if such default is made
or continued after proceedings have ceased to lie in respect of the
loan, the moneylender shall be liable to a fine not exceeding fifty
ringgit for every day on which the default continues.
(4) A moneylender receiving any payment of money from a
borrower under a moneylending agreement for the repayment of
money lent shall give, upon receiving the payment, a receipt to the
borrower and any person acting in contravention of this subsection
shall be guilty of an offence under this Act and shall be liable to
a fine not exceeding ten thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for
a term not exceeding ten months or to both.
Provisions as to bankruptcy proceedings for moneylenders'
loans
20. (1) Where a debt due to a moneylender in respect of a loan
made by him after the commencement of this Act includes interest,
that interest shall, for the purposes of the Bankruptcy Act 1967
[Act 360] relating to the presentation of a bankruptcy petition,
voting at meetings, compositions and schemes of arrangement and
dividend, be calculated at a rate not exceeding eight per centum
per annum, but nothing in the foregoing provision shall prejudice
the right of the creditor to receive out of the estate, after all the
debts proved in the estate have been paid in full, any higher rate
of interest to which he may be entitled.
(2) No proof of a debt due to a moneylender in respect of a loan
made by him shall be admitted for any of the purposes of the
Bankruptcy Act 1967 unless the affidavit verifying the debt has
exhibited thereto a statement which complies with section 19 and
shows, where the amount of interest included in the unpaid balance
represents a rate per centum per annum exceeding eight per centum,
the amount of interest which would be so included if it were
calculated at the rate of eight per centum per annum.
(3) General rules may be made under the Bankruptcy Act 1967
for the purpose of carrying into effect the objects of this section.
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Accounts under section 19 to be produced when suing in court
21. (1) Where proceedings are taken in any Court by a moneylender
for the recovery of any money lent after the commencement of this
Act or the enforcement of any moneylending agreement or security
made or taken after the commencement of this Act in respect of
money lent either before or after the commencement of this Act,
he shall produce a statement of his account as prescribed in section
19.
(2) Where there is evidence which satisfies the Court that the
interest charged in respect of the sum actually lent is excessive and
that the transaction is harsh and unconscionable or substantially
unfair, the Court shall reopen the transaction and take an account
b e t w e e n the moneylender and the person sued and shall,
notwithstanding any statement or settlement of account or any
agreement purporting to close previous dealings and create a new
obligation, reopen any account already taken between them and
relieve the person sued from payment of any sum in excess of the
sum adjudged by the Court to be fairly due in respect of such
principal, interest and legal costs as the Court, having regard to
the risk and all the facts and circumstances (including facts and
circumstances arising or coming to the knowledge of the parties
after the date of the transaction) may adjudge to be reasonable,
and, if any such excess has been paid or allowed in account by
the debtor, may order the creditor to repay it and may set aside
either wholly or in part or revise or alter any security given or
moneylending agreement made in respect of money lent by the
moneylender and, if the moneylender has parted with the security,
may order him to indemnify the borrower or other person sued:
Provided that nothing in this subsection shall prevent any further
or other relief being given in circumstances in which a Court of
equity would give such relief.
(3) Any court in which proceedings might be taken for the
recovery of money lent by a moneylender shall have and may, at
the instance of the borrower or surety or other person liable or of
the trustee in bankruptcy, exercise the like powers as may be
exercised under this section where proceedings are taken for the
r e c o v e r y of money lent, and the Court shall have power,
notwithstanding any provision or agreement to the contrary, to
entertain any application under this Act by the borrower or surety
or other person liable notwithstanding that the time for repayment
of the loan or any instalment thereof may not have arrived.
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(4) On any application relating to the admission or amount of
a proof by a moneylender in any bankruptcy proceedings the Director
General of Insolvency shall exercise the like powers as may be
exercised by the Court under this section when proceedings are
taken for the recovery of money:
Provided that if the moneylender is dissatisfied with the decision
of the Director General of Insolvency the Court may, on the
application of the moneylender made under the Bankruptcy Act
1967 reverse or vary that decision.
(5) The foregoing provisions of this section shall apply to any
transaction whatever its form may be that is substantially one of
moneylending by a moneylender.
(6) Nothing in the foregoing provisions of this section shall
affect the rights of any bona fide assignee or holder for value
without notice.
(7) Nothing in this section shall be construed as derogating
from the existing powers or jurisdiction of any court.
(8) For the purposes of this section, interest charged in respect
of money lent by a moneylender is excessive when the rate of that
interest exceeds the maximum rate of interest permitted under this
Act.
22. (Deleted by Act A1193).
Prohibition of charge for expenses on loans by moneylender
23.  Any moneylending agreement between a moneylender and a
borrower or intending borrower for the payment by the borrower
or intending borrower to the moneylender of any sum on account
of costs, charges or expenses other than stamp duties, fees payable
by law and legal costs incidental to or relating to the negotiations
for or the granting of the loan or proposed loan shall be illegal,
and if any sum is paid to a moneylender by a borrower or intending
borrower as, for or on account of any such costs, charges or
expenses other than as aforesaid that sum shall be recoverable as
a debt due to the borrower or intending borrower, or in the event
of the loan being completed, shall, if not so recovered, be set off
against the amount actually lent and that amount shall be deemed
to be reduced accordingly.
Moneylenders
39
24.
(Deleted by Act A1193).
Notice and information to be given on assignment of
moneylender's debts
25. (1) Where any debt in respect of money lent by a moneylender,
whether before or after the commencement of this Act or in respect
of interest on any such debt, or the benefit of any moneylending
agreement made or security taken in respect of any such debt or
interest, is assigned to any assignee, the assignor (whether he is
the moneylender by whom the money was lent or any person to
whom the debt has been previously assigned) shall, before the
assignment is made--
(a) give to the assignee notice in writing that the debt,
moneylending agreement or security is affected by the
operation of this Act; and
(b) supply to the assignee all information necessary to enable
him to comply with this Act relating to the obligation to
supply information as to the state of loans and copies of
documents relating thereto,
and any person acting in contravention of this section shall be
liable to indemnify any other person who is prejudiced by the
contravention and shall also be guilty of an offence against this
Act and shall in respect of each offence be liable to imprisonment
for a term not exceeding one year or to a fine not exceeding *five
thousand ringgit or to both:
Provided that an offender being a company, society, firm or
other body of persons shall in respect of each offence be liable to
a fine of **ten thousand ringgit.
(2) In this section the expression "assigned" means assigned by
any assignment inter vivos other than an assignment by operation
of law, and the expressions "assignee" and "assignor" have
corresponding meanings.
Application of Act as respects assignees
26. (1) Subject as hereinafter provided this Act shall continue to
apply as respects any debt to a moneylender in respect of money
lent by him after the commencement of this Act or in respect of
interest on money so lent or of the benefit of any moneylending
*NOTE--Previously "one thousand ringgit"­see Act A1193.
**NOTE--Previously "five thousand ringgit"­see Act A1193.
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agreement made or security taken in respect of any such debt or
i n t e r e s t notwithstanding that the debt or the benefit of the
moneylending agreement or security may have been assigned to
any assignee and, except where the context otherwise requires,
references in this Act to a moneylender shall accordingly be construed
as including any such assignee as aforesaid.
(2) Notwithstanding anything in this Act--
(a) any moneylending agreement with or security taken by
a moneylender in respect of money lent by him after the
commencement of this Act shall be valid in favour of any
bona fide assignee or holder for value without notice of
any defect due to the operation of this Act and of any
person deriving title under him; and
(b) any payment or transfer of money or property made bona
fide by any person, whether acting in a fiduciary capacity
or otherwise, on the faith of the validity of any such
moneylending agreement or security without notice of
any such defect shall, in favour of that person, be as valid
as it would have been if the moneylending agreement or
security had been valid:
Provided that in every such case the moneylender shall be liable
to indemnify the borrower or any other person who is prejudiced
by virtue of this section and nothing in this subsection shall render
valid a moneylending agreement or security in favour of or apply
to proceedings commenced by an assignee or holder for value who
is himself a moneylender.
(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Act, for the purpose
of this section an assignee or holder for value or person making
any such payment or transfer as aforesaid shall not be prejudicially
affected by notice of any such defect as aforesaid unless--
(i) it is within his own knowledge, or would have come to
his knowledge if such inquiries and inspections had been
made as ought reasonably to have been made by him; or
(ii) in the same transaction, with respect to which a question
of notice to such assignee or holder for value or person
arises, it has come to the knowledge of his counsel as
such or of his solicitor or other agent as such, or would
Moneylenders
41
have come to the knowledge of his solicitor or other
agent as such if such inquiries and inspections had been
made as ought reasonably to have been made by the
solicitor or other agent.
(4) Nothing in this section shall render valid for any purpose
any moneylending agreement, security or other transaction which
would, apart from this Act, have been void or unenforceable.
PART VI
MISCELLANEOUS
Attestation of moneylending agreement
27. (1) A moneylending agreement shall be attested by an Advocate
and Solicitor of the High Court, an officer of the Judicial and
Legal Service, a Commissioner for Oaths, District Officer, Justice
of the Peace or such other person as may be appointed by the
Minister generally for such purpose.
(2) The attestor shall explain the terms of the moneylending
agreement to the borrower, and shall certify on the agreement that
the borrower appears to understand the meaning of the terms of
the agreement.
(3) Any moneylending agreement which is not attested in
accordance with this section shall be void and have no effect and
shall not be enforceable.
28.
(Deleted by Act A1193).
False statements or representations to induce borrowing an
offence
29.
If--
(a) a moneylender or employee of the moneylender;
(b) any person being a director, general manager, manager
or other officer of a company, being a moneylender;
(c) any person being a president, vice-president, secretary,
treasurer or other officer of a society, being a moneylender;
or
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(d) any person being a partner or member, or other officer
of a firm or other body of persons, being a moneylender,
by any false, misleading or deceptive statement, representation or
p r o m i s e or, by any dishonest concealment of material facts
fraudulently induces or attempts to induce any person to borrow
money or to agree to the terms on which money is or is to be
borrowed, he shall be guilty of an offence under this Act and shall
be liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or
to a fine not exceeding twenty thousand ringgit or to both.
General offences
29A. (1) Any person who--
(a) for the purpose of the issuance of a licence to himself or
to any other person, or for preventing the imposition of
any condition in relation to such licence, makes any
statement or declaration which to his knowledge is false
or incorrect, either in whole or in part, or is misleading
in any material respect;
(b) furnishes any particulars or documents in relation to an
application for the issuance of a licence which to his
knowledge are false or incorrect or misleading in any
material respect;
(c) makes any entry in a register, record, return, account or
any other document required to be kept, maintained or
furnished under this Act, which is false or incorrect or
misleading in any material respect;
(d) alters, tampers with, defaces or mutilates any licence or
other document which is required to be exhibited on a
moneylender's premises, or lends or allows such licence
or document to be used by any other person;
(e) forges, or has in his possession with intent to deceive a
document that so closely resembles a licence, record,
return, account or any other document that is required to
be kept, maintained, or furnished under this Act;
(f) alters any entry made in a register, licence, record, return,
account or any other document that is required to be kept,
maintained or furnished under this Act;
Moneylenders
43
(g) exhibits on a moneylender's premises a licence or any
other document that is required to be exhibited on those
premises, where such licence or document has been altered,
tampered with, defaced or mutilated;
(h) exhibits on a moneylender's premises an imitation of a
licence or other document that is required to be exhibited
on those premises;
(i) prepares, maintains or authorizes the preparation or
maintenance of false records, returns, accounts or any
other documents that are required to be furnished under
this Act; or
(j) falsifies or authorizes the falsification of records, returns,
accounts or any other documents that are required to be
furnished under this Act,
shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable to a fine not
exceeding fifty thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not
exceeding twelve months or to both.
(2) In any prosecution under this section, when it has been
proved that any application, statement, declaration, particular, return,
account, record or other document is false or incorrect in whole
or in part, or is misleading in any material respect, it shall be
presumed, until the contrary is proved, that such application,
statement, declaration, particular, return, account, record or other
document was false or incorrect, or misleading in any material
r e s p e c t , to the knowledge of the person making, preparing,
maintaining, signing, delivering or supplying it.
(3) Notwithstanding paragraph (1)(g) or (h), a person shall not
be found guilty of an offence if he proves that he had acted in good
faith and had no reasonable grounds for supposing that the licence
or any other document exhibited on his premises had been altered,
tampered with, defaced, or mutilated, or that such licence or document
was an imitation.
(4) If an Inspector or police officer has reasonable cause to
believe that a licence or any other document exhibited on a
moneylender's premises, or a licence, record, account, return or
any other document produced to him in pursuance of this Act by
the person in charge of those premises is a licence, record, account,
return or document in relation to which an offence under this
section has been committed, he may seize the licence, record,
account, return or document.
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Harassment or intimidation, etc. of borrower
29B. (1) Any moneylender who, either personally or by any person
acting on his behalf, harasses or intimidates a borrower or any
member of the borrower's family or any other person connected
with the borrower at, or watches or besets, the residence or place
of business or employment of the borrower, or any place at which
the borrower receives his wages or any other sum periodically due
to him, shall be guilty of an offence under this Act and shall be
liable to a fine not exceeding one hundred thousand ringgit or to
imprisonment for a term not exceeding fifteen months or to both,
and in the case of a second or subsequent offence shall also be
liable to whipping in addition to such punishment.
(2) Any person who, acting on behalf of the moneylender, commits
or attempts to commit any of the acts specified in subsection (1),
shall be guilty of an offence under this Act and shall be liable to
a fine not exceeding twenty thousand ringgit or to imprisonment
for a term not exceeding twelve months or to both.
(3) Any person who, while committing, or attempting to commit
any offence under subsection (1) or (2), causes hurt to a person,
shall be guilty of an offence under this Act and shall be liable to
imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years and whipping.
(4) For the purposes of subsection (1), the doing of an act of
harassment or intimidation upon another person includes the making
of statements, sounds or gestures, or exhibiting of any object
intending that such word or sound shall be heard or that such
gesture or object shall be seen by such person or intruding upon
the privacy of such person.
(5) For the purposes of this section and subsection 10I(3)--
(a) "causes hurt" means doing any act with the intention of
thereby causing hurt to any person, or with the knowledge
that he is likely thereby to cause hurt to any person, and
does thereby cause hurt to any person;
(b) "harassment" includes aggravation, annoyance, badgering,
b e d e v i l m e n t , bother, hassle, irritation, molestation,
nuisance, persecution, pestering, torment, trouble or
vexation in circumstances in which a reasonable person,
having regard to all or any of the circumstances would
be offended, humiliated or intimidated; and
Moneylenders
45
(c) "intimidation" shall have the meaning as assigned to
"criminal intimidation" in section 503 of the Penal Code.
Offences by companies, societies, firms or other body of persons
29C. (1) Where an offence under this Act has been committed by
a moneylender--
(a) being a company, any person who at the time of the
commission of the offence was a director, general manager,
manager, secretary or other similar officer of the company,
or was purporting to act in any such capacity;
(b) being a society, any person who at the time of the
commission of the offence was a president, vice-president,
secretary, treasurer or other similar officer of the society,
or was purporting to act in any such capacity;
(c) being a firm or other body of persons, any person who
at the time of the commission of the offence was a partner
or member or other similar officer of the firm or other
body of persons, or was purporting to act in any such
capacity,
shall be deemed to have committed the offence, unless he proves
that the offence was committed without his knowledge, consent or
connivance, and that he took reasonable precautions and had exercised
due diligence to prevent the commission of the offence.
(2) The prosecution of any person under subsection (1) for an
offence shall not prevent the prosecution of the company, society,
firm or other body of persons for that offence.
(3) Unless expressly provided otherwise, any act or omission
by an employee of a moneylender shall, for the purpose of any
prosecution or proceeding under this Act, be deemed to be the act
or omission of the moneylender, unless the court is satisfied that
the act or omission was committed without the moneylender's
knowledge, or that all reasonable steps and precautions had been
taken to prevent the commission of such act or omission.
(4) In the event of any act or omission by an employee of a
moneylender which would have been an offence under this Act if
committed by the moneylender, the employee of the moneylender
shall also be guilty of that offence.
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Prosecution
29D.  No prosecution for an offence under this Act shall be instituted
except by or with the written consent of the Public Prosecutor.
Service of notification or document
29E. (1) Any notification or document required to be given or
served under this Act shall be sent by prepaid registered post to
the person to or upon whom the notification or document is required
to be given or served.
(2) Where a notification or document is given or served in
accordance with subsection (1), it shall be deemed to have been
given or served on the person to whom it is addressed on the day
succeeding the day on which the notification or document would
have been received in the ordinary course of post, if the notification
or document is addressed to the authorized address of the person
to whom the notification or document is intended to be sent to.
Power to compound
29F. (1) The Registrar or any Inspector specifically authorized in
writing by name or by office in that behalf by the Registrar may,
with the consent of the Public Prosecutor, compound any offence
under this Act which is prescribed to be a compoundable offence
by accepting from the person reasonably suspected of having
committed the offence and to whom an offer to compound has
been made, a sum of money not exceeding fifty per centum of the
amount of the maximum fine for that offence.
(2) An offer to compound under subsection (1) may be made
at any time after the offence has been committed but before any
prosecution for it has been instituted.
(3) Where the amount specified in the offer to compound is not
paid within the time specified in the offer, or within such extended
period as may be granted by the Registrar or an Inspector specifically
authorized under subsection (1), prosecution for that offence may
be instituted at any time after such period against the person to
whom the offer to compound was made.
Moneylenders
47
(4) Where an offence has been compounded under subsection
(1), no prosecution shall, within the time specified in subsection
(3), be instituted in respect of the offence against the person to
whom the offer to compound was made.
(5) All monies paid to the Registrar or to an Inspector specifically
authorized under subsection (1) shall be paid into and form part
of the Federal Consolidated Fund.
Jurisdiction
29G.  Notwithstanding any written law to the contrary, a Court of
a Magistrate of the First Class shall have jurisdiction to try any
offence under this Act, and to impose the full punishment for any
such offence.
Power to make regulations
29H. (1) The Minister may make such regulations as may be
expedient or necessary for the purpose of giving full effect to the
provisions of this Act, or for carrying out or achieving the objects
and purposes of this Act.
(2) Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), the
Minister may make regulations for or in respect of all or any of
the following matters:
(a) the procedure to be followed in making an application
for a licence, including the forms to be used, conditions
to be complied with, and documents and information to
be furnished in respect of such an application;
(b) the matters to be considered in respect of the granting of
a licence to a person;
(c) the procedure regarding the surrender, suspension and
revocation of licences;
(d) the procedure for the issuance of copies of a licence,
where the licence is lost or destroyed;
(e) the offences which may be compounded and the procedure
for compounding such offences;
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(f) the fees to be paid, the manner for the payment of fees
and the persons liable to pay the fees, the exemption of
any person or classes of persons from payment of such
fees, or the reduction of such fees;
(g) the form of register and other records to be kept and
maintained by the Registrar, the procedure and other
matters relating to the opening, maintenance and closure
of the register, the inspection and taking of extracts from
the register or records, the supply of copies of the register
or records and the fees to be paid for such inspection,
extracts and copies; or
(h) the form of moneylending agreements to be used by a
moneylender and a borrower and other matters relating
to such agreements.
(3) Any regulations made under this section may provide that
any contravention of the provisions of such regulations shall be
an offence and may provide for the imposition of a fine not exceeding
ten thousand ringgit or a term of imprisonment not exceeding
twelve months or to both.
30.
(Deleted by Act A1193).
*30A.
(Deleted by Act A1193).
31.
(Omitted).
*NOTE--For saving and transitional provisions of this section­see subsection 46(10) of the Act
A1193.
Moneylenders
49
FIRST SCHEDULE
[Section 19]
TABLE 1
PRINCIPAL AND INTEREST
Principal
Date lent
Rate per centum per annum or the
Amount of interest
TABLE 2
REPAYMENT
Amounts repaid
Date
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
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TABLE 3
AMOUNT OF ARREARS
Principal
Date Due
Interest
Date Due
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
TABLE 4
SUMS NOT YET DUE
Principal
Date Due
Interest
Date Due
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
SECOND SCHEDULE
[Section 24]
(Deleted by Act A1193)
THIRD SCHEDULE
(Omitted)
Moneylenders
51
LAWS OF MALAYSIA
Act 400
MONEYLENDERS ACT 1951
LIST OF AMENDMENTS
Amending law
Short title
In force from
Ord. 51/1953
Moneylenders (Amendment)
15-10-1953
Ordinance 1953
L.N. 655/1953
Member for Home Affairs Order
05-11-1953
1953
L.N. 481/1955
Ministers (Transfer of Functions)
09-08-1955
Order 1955
L.N. 273/1956
Minister for Natural Resources and
02-04-1956
Local Government (Transfer of
Functions) Order 1956
L.N. 332/1958
Federal Constitution (Modification
13-11-1958
of Laws) (Ordinances and
Proclamations) Order 1958
Act 91
Courts of Judicature Act 1964
16-03-1964
P.U. (A) 186/1979
Ministers of the Federal
28-07-1978
Government Order 1979
Act A671
Subordinate Courts (Amendment)
22-05-1987
Act 1987
Act A688
Moneylenders (Amendment) Act
19-02-1988
1988
P.U. (A) 290/1990
Revision of Laws (Moneylenders
14-12-1989
Act) Order 1990
P.U. (A) 406/1991
Revision of Laws (Rectification)
14-12-1989
Order 1991
Act A1193
Moneylenders (Amendment) Act
01-11-2003
2003
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LAWS OF MALAYSIA
Act 400
MONEYLENDERS ACT 1951
LIST OF SECTIONS AMENDED
Section
Amending authority
In force from
Long title
Act A1193
01-11-2003
Part 1
Act A1193
01-11-2003
2
L.N. 332/1958
13-11-1958
Act A688
19-02-1988
Act A1193
01-11-2003
2A
Act A688
19-02-1988
Act A1193
01-11-2003
3
Act A1193
01-11-2003
4
L.N. 332/1958
13-11-1958
Act A1193
01-11-2003
4A
Act A1193
01-11-2003
Part II
Act A1193
01-11-2003
5
Ord. 51/1953
15-10-1953
L.N. 655/1953
05-11-1953
L.N. 481/1955
09-08-1955
L.N. 273/1956
02-04-1956
L.N. 332/1958
13-11-1958
Act A1193
01-11-2003
5A
Act A1193
01-11-2003
5B
Act A1193
01-11-2003
5C
Act A1193
01-11-2003
5D
Act A1193
01-11-2003
5E
Act A1193
01-11-2003
5F
Act A1193
01-11-2003
Moneylenders
53
Section
Amending authority
In force from
6
Ord. 51/1953
15-10-1953
Act A1193
01-11-2003
7
Act A1193
01-11-2003
8
Ord. 51/1953
15-10-1953
L.N. 332/1958
13-11-1958
Act A1193
01-11-2003
9
Ord. 51/1953
15-10-1953
L.N. 332/1958
13-11-1958
Act A1193
01-11-2003
9A
Act A1193
01-11-2003
9B
Act A1193
01-11-2003
9C
Act A1193
01-11-2003
9D
Act A1193
01-11-2003
9E
Act A1193
01-11-2003
9F
Act A1193
01-11-2003
9G
Act A1193
01-11-2003
10
Act A1193
01-11-2003
Part III
Act A1193
01-11-2003
10A
Act A1193
01-11-2003
Act A1193
01-11-2003
10B
10C
Act A1193
01-11-2003
10D
Act A1193
01-11-2003
Act A1193
01-11-2003
10E
10F
Act A1193
01-11-2003
10G
Act A1193
01-11-2003
Act A1193
01-11-2003
10H
10I
Act A1193
01-11-2003
10J
Act A1193
01-11-2003
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Section
Amending authority
In force from
10K
Act A1193
01-11-2003
Part IV
Act A1193
01-11-2003
10L
Act A1193
01-11-2003
Act A1193
01-11-2003
10M
10N
Act A1193
01-11-2003
10O
Act A1193
01-11-2003
Part V
Act A1193
01-11-2003
Act A1193
01-11-2003
10P
11
Ord. 51/1953
15-10-1953
Act A1193
01-11-2003
11A
Act A1193
01-11-2003
12
Ord. 51/1953
15-10-1953
Act A1193
01-11-2003
13
Act A1193
01-11-2003
14
Act A1193
01-11-2003
15
Ord. 51/1953
15-10-1953
Act A1193
01-11-2003
16
Act A1193
01-11-2003
17
Act A1193
01-11-2003
17A
Act A1193
01-11-2003
18
Act A1193
01-11-2003
19
Act A1193
01-11-2003
20
L.N. 332/1958
13-11-1958
21
L.N. 332/1958
13-11-1958
Act A1193
01-11-2003
22
Act A1193
01-11-2003
23
Act A1193
01-11-2003
24
Act A1193
01-11-2003
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55
Section
Amending authority
In force from
25
Act A1193
01-11-2003
26
Act A1193
01-11-2003
Part VI
Act A1193
01-11-2003
27
Ord. 51/1953
15-10-1953
L.N. 332/1958
13-11-1958
Act A671
22-05-1987
Act A1193
01-11-2003
28
Act A1193
01-11-2003
29
Act A1193
01-11-2003
29A
Act A1193
01-11-2003
29B
Act A1193
01-11-2003
29C
Act A1193
01-11-2003
29D
Act A1193
01-11-2003
29E
Act A1193
01-11-2003
29F
Act A1193
01-11-2003
29G
Act A1193
01-11-2003
29H
Act A1193
01-11-2003
30
Act A1193
01-11-2003
Ord. 51/1953
15-10-1953
30A
Act A1193
01-11-2003
Second Schedule
Act A1193
01-11-2003
DICETAK OLEH
PERCETAKAN NASIONAL MALAYSIA BERHAD,
KUALA LUMPUR
BAGI PIHAK DAN DENGAN PERINTAH KERAJAAN MALAYSIA