Powers of Attorney
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LAWS OF MALAYSIA
REPRINT
Act 424
POWERS OF ATTORNEY
ACT 1949
Incorporating all amendments up to 1 January 2006
PUBLISHED BY
THE COMMISSIONER OF LAW REVISION, MALAYSIA
UNDER THE AUTHORITY OF THE REVISION OF LAWS ACT 1968
IN COLLABORATION WITH
PERCETAKAN NASIONAL MALAYSIA BHD
2006
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POWERS OF ATTORNEY ACT 1949
First enacted ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
1949 (Ord. No. 64 of
1949)
Revised
.....................
1990 (Act 424 w.e.f
31 March 1990)
PREVIOUS REPRINT
First Reprint
...
...
...
...
...
2001
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LAWS OF MALAYSIA
Act 424
POWERS OF ATTORNEY ACT 1949
ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS
Section
1.
Short title and application
2.
Interpretation
3.
Authentication of powers of attorney
4.
Deposit of power of attorney
5.
Revocation
6.
Powers of attorney given for valuable consideration
7.
Powers of attorney expressed to be irrevocable for a fixed time
8.
Payment by attorney under power without notice of death, etc., good
9.
Register of powers of attorney and inspection of register
10.
Office copies
11.
Office copies as evidence
12.
Searches
13.
Particulars to be forwarded for record in Kuala Lumpur
14.
Rules
15.
Repeal
FIRST SCHEDULE
SECOND SCHEDULE
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ACT 424
Laws of Malaysia
Powers of Attorney
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LAWS OF MALAYSIA
Act 424
POWERS OF ATTORNEY ACT 1949
An Act relating to powers of attorney.
[1 January 1950, L.N. 632/1949]
Short title and application
1. (1) This Act may be cited as the Powers of Attorney Act 1949.
(2) This Act shall apply to the States of *Peninsular Malaysia
only.
Interpretation
2.
In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires--
"Land Administrator" means a Land Administrator appointed
under the National Land Code [Act 56 of 1965], or an equivalent
officer, by whatever name called, in a State appointed under the
law relating to land in force in that State;
"Registrar" and "Senior Assistant Registrar" mean respectively
the Registrar and a Senior Assistant Registrar or Assistant Registrar
of the High Court.
Authentication of powers of attorney
3. (1) No instrument purporting to create a power of attorney
executed after the commencement of this Act shall have any validity
to create such power within **Peninsular Malaysia unless--
(a) if executed within *Peninsular Malaysia, the instrument
is executed before, and is authenticated in the appropriate
form set out in the First Schedule hereto by--
(i) a Magistrate;
(ii) a Justice of the Peace;
*NOTE--All references to "West Malaysia" shall be construed as reference to "Peninsular Malaysia"
see the Interpretation (Amendment) Act 1997 [Act A996], subsection 5(2).
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(iii) a Land Administrator;
(iv) a Notary Public;
(v) a Commissioner for Oaths;
(vi) an advocate and solicitor; or
(vii) an officer, acting in the course of his employment,
of a company carrying on the business of banking
in *Peninsular Malaysia and incorporated by or
under any written law in force in *Peninsular
Malaysia; or
(b) if executed outside *Peninsular Malaysia, the execution
of such instrument is authenticated, in such form as may
be accepted by the Registrar, by--
(i) a Notary Public;
(ii) a Commissioner for Oaths;
(iii) any Judge;
(iv) a Magistrate;
(v) a British Consul or Vice-Consul;
(vi) a representative of Her Britanic Majesty;
(vii) on and after Merdeka Day, any Consular Officer of
Malaysia;
(viii) in the case of an instrument executed in the Kingdom
o f Saudi Arabia, the Malaysian Pilgrimage
Commissioner; or
(ix) in the case of an instrument executed in the Republic
of Singapore, an advocate and solicitor of the
Supreme Court of the Republic; or an officer, acting
in the course of his employment, of a company
carrying on the business of banking in the Republic
and incorporated by or under any written law of the
Republic.
(2) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in any
written law in force at the commencement of this Act, an instrument
purporting to create a power of attorney duly executed and
authenticated in accordance with this section shall be deemed to
be properly and validly executed and attested for all or any of the
purposes for which a power of attorney may be used under any
such written law.
*NOTE--All references to "West Malaysia" shall be construed as reference to "Peninsular Malaysia"
see the Interpretation (Amendment) Act 1997 [Act A996], subsection 5(2).
Powers of Attorney
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Deposit of power of attorney
4. (1) Except as hereinafter provided no instrument purporting to
create a power of attorney shall, after the commencement of this
Act, have any validity to create such power within *Peninsular
Malaysia until--
(a) a true copy of the said instrument duly compared therewith
and marked by the Senior Assistant Registrar with the
words "true copy"; or
(b) where the original instrument is deposited in the registry
of the Supreme Court in Singapore, an office copy of
such instrument,
has been deposited in the office of a Senior Assistant Registrar.
Translation
(2) If the instrument whereof a true copy or an office copy is
so deposited is in any language other than the national language
or English there shall also at the same time be deposited a translation
into the national language or English thereof certified by an interpreter
attached to the Court qualified to interpret in the language in
which the instrument is written, or, if there be no such interpreter,
a translation into the national language or English verified by a
statutory declaration of some person qualified to translate from the
language in which the instrument is written into the national language
or English to the effect that such translation is to the best of his
knowledge and belief a true translation.
Fees
(3) There shall be payable in respect of the deposit of documents
under this section such fees as may from time to time be prescribed.
Exception
(4) Subsection (1) shall not apply to instruments executed and
used for the sole purpose of carrying out transactions in the office
of a Registrar of Titles or a Land Administrator or a Chief Inspector
or Senior Inspector of Mines, provided they are attested in accordance
with any law for the time being in force regarding the attestation
of such instruments.
*NOTE--All references to "West Malaysia" shall be construed as reference to "Peninsular Malaysia"
see the Interpretation (Amendment) Act 1997 [Act A996], subsection 5(2).
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Revocation
5.  Every instrument purporting to create a power of attorney of
which a true copy or an office copy has been deposited in the
office of the Registrar or a senior Assistant Registrar in accordance
with this Act or any law repealed by this Act whether before or
after the commencement of this Act, shall, so far as the said
instrument is valid and so far as may be compatible with the terms
of the instrument, continue in force until notice in writing of the
revocation thereof by the donor, or of the renunciation thereof by
the donee, has been deposited in every office in which the office
copy or true copy thereof has been so deposited, or either the
donor or the donee has died or the donee has become of unsound
mind, or the donor has been adjudged to be of unsound mind or
a receiving order has been made against him in bankruptcy.
Powers of attorney given for valuable consideration
6. (1) If a power of attorney, given for valuable consideration, is
in the instrument creating the power expressed to be irrevocable,
then, in favour of a purchaser--
(a) the power shall not be revoked at any time, either by
anything done by the donor of the power without the
concurrence of the donee of the power, or by the death,
marriage, mental disorder, unsoundness of mind, or
bankruptcy of the donor of the power; and
(b) any act done at any time by the donee of the power, in
pursuance of the power, shall be as valid as if anything
done by the donor of the power without the concurrence
of the donee of the power, or the death, marriage, mental
disorder, unsoundness of mind, or bankruptcy of the donor
of the power, had not been done or happened; and
(c) neither the donee of the power, nor the purchaser, shall
at any time be prejudicially affected by notice of anything
done by the donor of the power, without the concurrence
of the donee of the power, or of the death, marriage,
mental disorder, unsoundness of mind, or bankruptcy of
the donor of the power.
(2) This section applies to powers of attorney created by
instruments executed either before or after the commencement of
this Act.
Powers of Attorney
9
Powers of attorney expressed to be irrevocable for a fixed time
7.  If a power of attorney, whether given for valuable consideration
or not, is in the instrument creating the power expressed to be
irrevocable for a fixed time therein specified, then, in favour of
a purchaser--
(a) the power shall not be revoked, for and during that fixed
time, either by anything done by the donor of the power
without the concurrence of the donee of the power, or by
the death, marriage, mental disorder, unsoundness of mind,
or bankruptcy of the donor of the power; and
(b) any act done within that fixed time, by the donee of the
power, in pursuance of the power, shall be as valid as if
anything done by the donor of the power without the
concurrence of the donee of the power, or the death,
marriage, mental disorder, unsoundness of mind, or
bankruptcy of the donor of the power, had not been done
or happened; and
(c) neither the donee of the power, nor the purchaser, shall
at any time be prejudicially affected by notice either
during or after that fixed time of anything done by the
donor of the power during that fixed time, without the
concurrence of the donee of the power, or of the death,
marriage, mental disorder, unsoundness of mind, or
bankruptcy of the donor of the power within that fixed
time.
Payment by attorney under power without notice of death, etc.,
good
8. (1) Any person making or doing any payment or act in good
faith in pursuance of a power of attorney shall not be liable in
respect of the payment or act by reason that before the payment
or act the donor of the power had died or became mentally disordered
or of unsound mind or bankrupt or had revoked the power if the
fact of death, mental disorder, unsoundness of mind, bankruptcy,
or revocation was not at the time of the payment or act known to
the person making or doing the same.
(2) This section shall not affect any right against the payee of
any person interested in the money so paid and that person shall
have the like remedy against the payee as he would have had
against the payer if the payment had not been made by him.
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Register of powers of attorney and inspection of register
9.  A separate file of documents deposited in accordance with
section 4 shall be kept by every Senior Assistant Registrar, who
shall enter in a register kept for that purpose short particulars of
each such document together with any subsequent revocation or
other determination thereof of which he shall have had notice, and
any person may, during the usual office hours, upon payment of
the prescribed fee, search such register and file and inspect any
document so deposited, and an office copy of such document shall
be delivered out to him on request and on payment of the prescribed
fee.
Office copies
10.  A copy of any document deposited in accordance with section
4 may be presented at the office at which such document is deposited
and may, after verification and on payment of the prescribed fee,
be marked by the Senior Assistant Registrar as a certified copy and
when so marked shall become and be an office copy of such
document.
Office copies as evidence
11.  An office copy of any document deposited in accordance
with section 4 shall, when marked as provided in the last preceding
section, be without further proof sufficient evidence of the contents
of such document and of the deposit thereof in the office of the
Registrar.
Searches
12.  The Registrar and every Senior Assistant Registrar shall,
upon application whether made orally or in writing by any person
desirous of obtaining information respecting any specified document
deposited in the office of the Registrar or Senior Assistant Registrar
or as to the deposit or otherwise of a document of any specified
tenor and on payment of the prescribed fee, furnish, to the best
of his ability, to such person the information applied for:
Provided always that any copy of a document supplied for the
purpose of furnishing such information shall be paid for separately
under section 9.
Powers of Attorney
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Particulars to be forwarded for record in Kuala Lumpur
13. (1) Every Senior Assistant Registrar shall, forthwith after making
any entry in his register under section 9, transmit to the High Court
Registry at Kuala Lumpur a verified copy of such entry.
(2) The Registrar shall keep at Kuala Lumpur a register of all
particulars transmitted to him under subsection (1), and any person
may, during the usual office hours and upon payment of the prescribed
fee, search such register and take a copy of any particulars recorded
therein.
Rules
14.  The Rules Committee established by the Courts of Judicature
Act 1964 [Act 91], may from time to time make rules under and
in accordance with that Act for--
(a) prescribing the fees to be charged under this Act; and
(b) prescribing the charges to be made for the attestation of
an instrument creating a power of attorney under section
3.
Repeal
15. (1) The Ordinance and Enactments set out in the first and
second columns of the Second Schedule are hereby repealed to the
extent specified in the third column of the Schedule.
(2) Such repeal shall not affect the validity of--
(a) any power of attorney executed before the commencement
of this Act under and in accordance with any such law
but such power of attorney shall, if registered, be deemed
to be registered under this Act or, if not registered before
the commencement of this Act, may be registered by
deposit with a Senior Assistant Registrar of a true copy
or office copy as the case may be under section 4 and
the same shall continue in force until revoked or otherwise
determined under this Act.
(b) any act or payment done or made before the commencement
of this Act which was at the time it was so done or made
valid under or by virtue of any of such repealed Ordinance
or Enactment.
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(3) Where any power of attorney was, before the commencement
of this Act, deposited in the office of the Registrar or Senior
Assistant Registrar in accordance with the repealed Ordinance or
Enactment, sections 10, 11, and 12 shall apply as if such document
had been a document deposited in accordance with section 4 and
where such document had been deposited in the office of the
Registrar, the Registrar shall have the powers of a Senior Assistant
Registrar under section 10.
FIRST SCHEDULE
[Section 3]
FORM I
FORM OF AUTHENTICATION IN CASE OF A POWER OF
ATTORNEY EXECUTED BY AN INDIVIDUAL
I ............. (Magistrate, Justice of the Peace, Land Administrator, Notary
Public, Commissioner for Oaths, Bank Official or Advocate and Solicitor of
the High Court in Malaya) officiating [or practising] at..........., hereby certify
written
signature
that the
of the donor above named was
in my presence on
affixed
thumb-mark
this ........... day of ......... 20 ........., and is, to my own personal knowledge,
[or according to information given to me by trustworthy and respectable persons,
namely ......... of .................. and ................ of ...................., which information
signature
verily believe,] the true
of .............. who has acknowledged to me
thumb-mark
is
that he
of full age and that he has voluntarily executed this instrument.
is not
Witness my hand ...............
FORM II
FORM OF AUTHENTICATION IN CASE OF A POWER OF ATTORNEY
EXECUTED BY A COMPANY OR CORPORATION
I ......... (Magistrate, Justice of the Peace, Land Administrator, Notary Public,
Commissioner for Oaths, Bank Official or Advocate and Solicitor of the High
Court in Malaya) officiating [or practising] at ........., hereby certify that on
this ......... day of ......... 20 ........., the common seal of (state name of
company or corporation) was duly affixed to the above written instrument
i n  my  presence  in  accordance  with  the  regulations  of  the
Company.
said Corporation.
Witness my hand ...............
Powers of Attorney
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SECOND SCHEDULE
[Section 15]
REPEAL
(1)
(2)
(3)
No.
Title
Extent of
repeal
F.M.S. Cap. 66
The Powers of Attorney Enactment
The whole
Johore Enactment
The Powers of Attorney Enactment
The whole
No. 18
Kedah Enactment
Enactment No. 81 (Powers of
The whole
No. 81
Attorney)
Kelantan Enactment
The Powers of Attorney Enactment
The whole
No. 8 of 1931
1931
Terengganu
The Powers of Attorney Enactment
The whole
Enactment
No. 36 of 1356
Straits Settlements
The Conveyancing and Law
Part X
Cap. 118
of Property Ordinance
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LAWS OF MALAYSIA
Act 424
POWERS OF ATTORNEY ACT 1949
LIST OF AMENDMENTS
Amending law
Short title
In force from
Ord. 15/1955
Powers of Attorney (Amendment)
20-04-1955
Ordinance 1955
L.N. 332/1958
Federal Constitution (Modification
13-11-1958
of Laws) (Ordinances and
Proclamations) Order 1958
Act 2/1963
National Land Code (Penang and
01-01-1966
Malacca Titles) 1963
Act A587
National Land Code (Amendment)
25-03-1985
Act 1984
Powers of Attorney
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LAWS OF MALAYSIA
Act 424
POWERS OF ATTORNEY ACT 1949
LIST OF SECTIONS AMENDED
Section
Amending authority
In force from
2
L.N. 332/1958
13-11-1958
3
Ord. 15/1955
20-04-1955
L.N. 332/1958
13-11-1958
Throughout
Act 2/1963
01-01-1966
the Act
Act A587
25-03-1985
DICETAK OLEH
PERCETAKAN NASIONAL MALAYSIA BERHAD,
KUALA LUMPUR
BAGI PIHAK DAN DENGAN PERINTAH KERAJAAN MALAYSIA